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The Global Market for 6G Communications Devices and Materials 2024-2044

November 2023 | 300 pages | ID: G31FB5F9FD76EN
Future Markets, Inc.

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The 6G market is poised for massive growth over the next decade, driven by the need for ultra-fast and high-capacity wireless connectivity. 6G networks are expected to succeed the current 5G technology by 2030, bringing theoretical peak speeds of 1 Tbps compared to 20 Gbps for 5G. Since the deployment of 1G networks in the 1980s, each generation of wireless communication has brought massive leaps in speed, latency and connectivity. 6G is anticipated to continue this progression with peak data rates up to 1 Terabit per second (1 Tbps), sub 1-millisecond latency and the ability to simultaneously connect over 100 billion devices. Compared to 5G, 6G aims to provide:
  • 10 to 50 times higher data rates
  • 10 to 100 times more connected devices
  • 99.999% reliability
  • 100% coverage everywhere
Key drivers for 6G include connecting the Internet of Everything, enabling high-fidelity immersive extended reality, vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication for autonomous driving, and extremely dense wireless connectivity for smart cities.

The Global Market for 6G Communications Devices and Materials 2024-2044 provides a comprehensive analysis of 6G wireless communication technologies and markets. The report analyzes 6G's transformative impact across telecom, automotive, manufacturing, healthcare and other sectors. In-depth technology assessment covers 6G spectrum, network architectures, hardware, materials like graphene and reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, security, artificial intelligence and other innovations. 38 company profiles analyze the 6G development, partnerships and IP landscape.

Report contents include:
  • Evolution from 1G to 6G
  • 5G limitations and 6G benefits
  • 6G advanced materials and recent hardware
  • 6G market outlook, drivers and challenges
  • 6G applications, key geographies, players
  • 6G government initiatives, roadmap, sustainability
  • 6G spectrum, devices, services
  • THz communication technologies
  • 6G network architectures
  • Global 6G architecture concepts
  • 6G radio system, non-terrestrial networks
  • Internet of Things, edge computing, AI/ML
  • Materials and Technologies
  • Phase array antennas and modules
  • Packaging, inorganic compounds, elements
  • Organic compounds, semiconductor materials
  • CMOS, SiGe, GaAs, InP for 6G
  • Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces
  • Metamaterials, low-loss materials
  • Cell-free Massive MIMO, graphene
  • Thermal management, photoactive materials
  • Market Forecasts 2024-2040
  • 6G market revenue forecasts
  • Base station and RIS tile forecasts
  • Pricing forecasts for RIS tiles
  • 38 Company Profiles. Companies profiled include Apple, Ericsson, LG Electronics, META, Nokia, NTT Corporation, Samsung, and SK Telecomm.


2.1 From 1G to 6G
2.2 Evolution from 5G Networks
  2.2.1 Limitations with 5G
  2.2.2 Benefits of 6G
  2.2.3 Advanced materials in 6G
  2.2.4 Recent hardware developments
2.3 Current market
2.4 Market outlook for 6G
  2.4.1 Proliferation in Consumer Technology
  2.4.2 Industrial and Enterprise Transformation
  2.4.3 Economic Competitiveness
  2.4.4 Sustainability and Inclusion
2.5 Market drivers
2.6 Market challenges and bottlenecks
2.7 Applications
  2.7.1 Connected Autonomous Vehicle Systems
  2.7.2 Next Generation Industrial Automation
  2.7.3 Healthcare Solutions
  2.7.4 Immersive Extended Reality Experiences
2.8 Key geographical markets for 6G.
  2.8.1 North America
  2.8.2 Asia Pacific
  2.8.3 Europe
2.9 Main market players
2.10 6G projects, by country
2.11 Global 6G government initiatives
2.12 6G hardware roadmap
2.13 SWOT analysis
2.14 Sustainability in 6G


3.1 6G spectrum
3.2 Applications of 6G
3.3 6G devices and infrastructure
3.4 6G services
3.5 Key technologies for THz communication
3.6 6G networks
  3.6.1 SAGIN - Space-air-ground integrated networks
  3.6.2 Underwater
  3.6.3 Key Technologies
  3.6.4 AI-powered 6G networks
3.7 Global architecture concepts for 6G networks
  3.7.1 Cell-Free Massive MIMO
  3.7.2 Integrated Space and Terrestrial Networks
  3.7.3 AI-Defined Networking
  3.7.4 Energy Harvesting Grids
  3.7.5 Visible Light Communication
  3.7.6 Quantum Backbones
  3.7.7 Internet of Bio-Nano Things
  3.7.8 Terahertz Mesh Networks
  3.7.9 AI-Optimized Topologies
  3.7.10 THz wireless
  3.7.11 Holographic beamforming
  3.7.12 Intelligent reflecting surfaces
  3.7.13 TeraHertz amplification
  3.7.14 Visible light sensing
  3.7.15 Quantum communication
  3.7.16 Bio-computing networks
  3.7.17 Blockchain
3.8 6G Radio system
  3.8.1 Overview Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications THz communications Optical wireless communications
  3.8.2 Bandwidth and Modulation
  3.8.3 Power consumption
3.9 6G Non-terrestrial networks
  3.9.1 Overview
  3.9.2 Commercial activities
3.10 Internet of things (IoT)
  3.10.1 Smart cities
  3.10.2 Smart radio environments
  3.10.3 Smart healthcare
  3.10.4 Smart grid
  3.10.5 Smart transportation
  3.10.6 Smart factories
  3.10.7 Smart farming
3.11 Edge computing
3.12 Artificial intelligence and machine learning


4.1 Phase array antennas
  4.1.1 Overview
  4.1.2 Antenna types
4.2 Phase array modules
  4.2.1 Overview
  4.2.2 Commercial and proof-of-concepts
4.3 Packaging technologies
  4.3.1 Overview
  4.3.2 Antenna packages
4.4 Inorganic compounds
  4.4.1 Overview
  4.4.2 Materials
4.5 Elements
  4.5.1 Overview
  4.5.2 Materials
4.6 Organic compounds
  4.6.1 Overview
  4.6.2 Materials
4.7 Semiconductor devices and materials
4.8 Semiconductor technologies for 6G
  4.8.1 CMOS CMOS technology - Bulk vs SOI RF CMOS technology CMOS and hybrid lll-V+CMOS approaches sub-THz 6G CMOS design PD-SOI CMOS and SiGe BiCMOS for 6G
  4.8.2 SiGe RF SiGe technology
  4.8.3 GaAs and GaN
  4.8.4 InP
  4.8.5 Si vs III-V semiconductors Key Differences
  4.8.6 Semiconductor technology choices for THz RF
  4.8.7 Key THz Technologies
  4.8.8 Challenges
4.9 Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS)
  4.9.1 Overview
  4.9.2 Applications in 6G
  4.9.3 Semi-passive and active RIS materials and components
  4.9.4 Hardware
  4.9.5 Metamaterials and Metasurfaces
  4.9.6 Liquid crystal polymers (LCP) for RIS
  4.9.7 Beam management
  4.9.8 Companies
  4.9.9 SWOT analysis
4.10 Metamaterials
  4.10.1 Overview
  4.10.2 Applications Reconfigurable antennas Wireless sensing Wi-Fi/Bluetooth 5G and 6G Metasurfaces for Wireless Communications Hypersurfaces Active material patterning Optical ENX metamaterials Metamaterials for RIS Liquid crystal polymers
  4.10.3 Companies
  4.10.4 SWOT analysis
4.11 Low-loss materials
  4.11.1 Overview
  4.11.2 6G low-loss materials
  4.11.3 Companies
  4.11.4 SWOT analysis
4.12 Cell-Free Massive MIMO
  4.12.1 Overview
  4.12.2 Cellular mMIMO, network mMIMO, and cell-free mMIMO
4.13 Fiber optics
  4.13.1 Overview
  4.13.2 Materials and applications in 6G
4.14 Graphene and 2D materials
  4.14.1 Overview
  4.14.2 Applications Supercapacitors, LiC and pseudocapacitors Graphene transistors Graphene THz device structures
4.15 Thermal management
  4.15.1 Overview
  4.15.2 Thermal materials and structures for 6G
  4.15.3 Companies
  4.15.4 SWOT analysis
4.16 Smart EM devices
  4.16.1 Overview
4.17 Photoactive materials
  4.17.1 Overview
  4.17.2 Applications in 6G
4.18 Silicon carbide
  4.18.1 Overview
  4.18.2 Applications in 6G
4.19 Phase-Change Materials
  4.19.1 Overview
  4.19.2 Applications in 6G
4.20 Vanadium dioxide
  4.20.1 Overview
  4.20.2 Applications in 6G
4.21 Micro- mechanics, MEMS and microfluidics
  4.21.1 Overview
  4.21.2 Applications in 6G
4.22 Beyond communications markets and applications
  4.22.1 THz Sensing
  4.22.2 THz Imaging


5.1 Market revenues
5.2 Base stations
5.3 RIS tiles
  5.3.1 Pricing forecasts
  5.3.2 By square meter
  5.3.3 By revenues




Table 1. Evolution of 1G to 5G mobile wireless communications
Table 2. Key differences from 5G.
Table 3. Limitations with 5G.
Table 4. Advanced materials in 6G.
Table 5. Market drivers and trends in 6G.
Table 6. Market challenges and bottlenecks in 6G.
Table 7. Main market players in 6G.
Table 8. Global 6G government initiatives.
Table 9. Comparison of spectrum bands for 6G.
Table 10. 6G applications.
Table 11. 6G devices and infrastructure.
Table 12. Key technologies enabling THz communication.
Table 13. Comparison between conventional MIMO and massive MIMO.
Table 14. Comparison between electronic THz design and communication systems.
Table 15. Key THz Technologies.
Table 16. Antenna types in 6G.
Table 17. Inorganic compounds in 6G communications.
Table 18. Elements in 6G communications.
Table 19. Organic compounds in 6G communications.
Table 20. State of the art RF transistors performance.
Table 21. Comparison of silicon (Si) based semiconductors versus III-V compound semiconductors for applications in 6G communications.
Table 22. semiconductor technology choice for THz RF.
Table 23. key THz Technologies.
Table 24. Transistor performance metrics of different semiconductor technologies.
Table 25. Power amplifier benchmarks by bands.
Table 26. Challenges for semiconductor for THz communications,
Table 27. RIS operation phases.
Table 28. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) for 6G.
Table 29. RIS prototypes.
Table 30. RIS vs traditional reflecting array antennas,
Table 31. Companies developing RIS technology.
Table 32. Applications of metamaterials in 6G.
Table 33. Unmet need, metamaterial solution and markets.
Table 34. Companies developing metamaterials and metasurfaces for 6G.
Table 35. 6G low-loss materials.
Table 36. Low-loss material choices from 5G to 6G.
Table 37. Companies developing 6G low-loss materials.
Table 38. Benefits and challenges of cell-free mMIMO.
Table 39. Thermal materials and structures for 6G.
Table 40. Companies developing 6G thermal management materials.
Table 41. photoactive materials being investigated for applications around 1 THz for future 6G wireless systems.
Table 42. Global market revenue for 6G communications, by market, 2024-2044 (billions USD).
Table 43. 5G base stations market forecast to 2044 (billions USD).
Table 44. 6G base stations market forecast to 2044 (billions USD).
Table 45. Forecasts for RIS tiles, 2024-2044 (billion sq. meter).
Table 46. Forecasts for RIS tiles, 2024-2044 (billion USD).


Figure 1. Evolution of Mobile Networks: From 1G to 6G.
Figure 2. Radio coverage of 6G.
Figure 3. 6G hardware roadmap.
Figure 4. 6G communications SWOT analysis.
Figure 5. 6G spectrum.
Figure 6. 6G world in 2030.
Figure 7. Key services and roadmap for 6G.
Figure 8. 6G-SAGIN architecture.
Figure 9. 6G System Architecture Design.
Figure 10. Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems.
Figure 11. Space-Terrestrial Integrated Network.
Figure 12. Visible Light Communication in 6G.
Figure 13. Internet of Bio-Nano Things.
Figure 14. An illustration of electromagnetic spectrum.
Figure 15. Network platforms with MEC.
Figure 16. Phased array antennas for 6G.
Figure 17. 16-channel 140 GHz phased-array module (middle), dual-channel 140 GHz RFICs (left), 128-element antenna array (right).
Figure 18. Novel antenna-in-package (AiP) for mmWave systems.
Figure 19. Stack-up AiP module on a system board.
Figure 20. RF Si interposer with integrated InP and CMOS devices and antenna array in a package.
Figure 21. GaAs based amplifier.
Figure 22. InP power amplifiers.
Figure 23. Reconfigurable intelligent reflecting surfaces aided mobile.
Figure 24. RIS Architecture.
Figure 25. SWOT analysis for RIS in 6G communications.
Figure 26. Wireless charging technology prototype.
Figure 27. Flat-panel satellite antenna (top) and antenna mounted on a vehicle (bottom).
Figure 28. META Transparent Window Film.
Figure 29. SWOT analysis for metamaterials in 6G.
Figure 30. SWOT analysis for low-loss materials for 6G.
Figure 31. SWOT analysis for thermal management materials and structures for 6G.
Figure 32. Global market revenue for 6G communications, by market, 2024-2040 (billions USD).
Figure 33. Global market revenue for 6G communications.
Figure 34. Pricing forecasts 2024-2044, per square meter ($).
Figure 35. Forecasts for RIS tiles, 2024-2044 (billion sq. meter).
Figure 36. Forecasts for RIS tiles, 2024-2044 (billion USD).
Figure 37. metaAIR.
Figure 38. Left) Image of beamforming using phased-array wireless device. (Right) Comparison of previously reported transmission with beamforming wireless devices and this achievement
Figure 39. Radi-cool metamaterial film.

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