Algae Biofuels Production Technologies Worldwide

Date: August 22, 2010
Pages: 275
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Publisher: SBI
Report type: Strategic Report
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Algae Biofuels Production Technologies Worldwide
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Involvement in the algae biofuels industry shot up by companies 550% between 2005 and 2007, driven by environmental concerns and high crude oil prices. However, oil prices have since declined, and the recent global financial crisis stymied many industries. Currently there seems to be continued interest in algae biofuels, but the industry is also plagued by excessive hype… So what is the near-term outlook for the algae biofuels production technologies market?

One of the great benefits of algae as a feedstock is that it can be used to produce an array of biofuels: algal oil, biodiesel, renewable diesel, aviation biofuel, renewable jet fuel, biogasoline, ethanol, butanol, biomethane, and even hydrogen. Algae biofuels production also involves a wide array of technologies, from genetically engineered diatoms, green algae, and cyanobacteria; to open ponds or photobioreactors for cultivation; centrifuges and presses for extraction; and refineries, fermenters, and digesters for processing into fuels.

Because the market for algae biofuels production technologies is diverse, it is helpful to break it down according to subsets of production technologies: cultivation technologies, harvesting and extraction technologies, and algae biofuels production facilities. Through 2015, cultivation technology sales are expected to hold most of the total algae biofuels production technologies market. The remaining market segments will be held by a combination of harvesting and extraction and fuels production facilities, for a total projected market value of over $1.6 billion in 2015. Starting at an estimated $271 million market size for 2010, this increase is significant and underscores that this is a quickly changing and evolving industry, expected to show an annual growth rate of nearly 43 percent.

Algae biofuels production technologies are currently undergoing substantial development and scaled testing. As demonstration and commercial implementation move forward, emerging algae biofuels production technologies will garner up to about a third of the total market by 2015, as some current technologies are rendered obsolete or underperforming in terms of cost and production efficiency.
CHAPTER 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Scope

Algae Characteristics and Algae Biofuels Production Systems

Algae Biofuels History and Comparison to Other Market Fuels

Environmental Benefits and Potential Impacts of Algaculture

Proposed Algae Biofuels Facility Projects

Market Distribution Chain and Structure

Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth

Market Size and Growth for Algae Biofuels Technologies

Figure 1-1 Total Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Figure 1-2 Total Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Figure 1-3 Total Market Size for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (2010-2015) (in million $)

Table 1-1 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares

Industry Trends

Figure 1-4 Number of Algae Biofuels Companies (by year; 1997-2009)

Investment and Financing Trends

Competitive Profiles

End Users

Figure 1-5 Distribution of Algae Biofuels Companies by Global Region

Figure 1-6 Current End Users Cultivation System Capacities (by Acreage)

Algae Biofuels End Users

Summary

CHAPTER 2 OVERVIEW OF ALGAE BIOFUELS

Scope

Algae Characteristics and Strains

Microalgae Profile

Microalgae Groups and Species

Strain Selection

Industry Uses of Microalgae

Biofuels

Food, Nutraceutical and Pharmaceutical Products

Aquacultural and Agricultural Products

Pollution Control and Water Treatment

Chemicals Production

Algae Cultivation: Resource Requirements

Water

Light

Carbon Dioxide

Nutrients

Land

History of Algae Biofuels Development, Demand and Industry Activity

Algae Biofuels and other Market Fuels

Petroleum and Fossil Fuels

Alternative Biofuels

Environmental Benefits of Expanded Algaculture

Carbon Capture

Wastewater Treatment

Environmental Impact of Expanded Algaculture

Extensive Algae Cultivation Development within Select Ecosystems

Water Supply to Marginal Lands and Regions

GMO Contamination

CHAPTER 3 ALGAE BIOFUELS PRODUCTION PROCESS AND TECHNOLOGIES

Scope

Algae Cultivation: Systems and Methods

Open Ponds

Photobioreactors

Algae Harvesting and Algae Oil and Biomass Extraction: Systems and Methods

Flocculation

Screening

Air Flotation

Centrifugation

Ultrasound

Algae Dryers

Mechanical Oil Presses

Electromechanical Oil Extraction

Chemical Extraction of Algae Oil

Algae Biofuel Refining: Systems and Methods

Algae Biodiesel Refineries

Ethanol and Butanol Fermenters

Algae Renewable Diesel, Aviation Biofuel and Biogasoline Refineries

Biogas Digesters

Gasification Systems

Summary

CHAPTER 4 ALGAE BIOFUELS TECHNOLOGIES - MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH

Scope

Market Assessment Methodology

Algae Biofuels Facility Projects

Table 4-1 Profiles for Select Algae Biofuels Industry Projects

Market Origins and History

Market Distribution Chain and Structure

Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth

Petroleum and Natural Gas Supply and Prices

Figure 4-1 Number of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies and Average U.S. Global Spot Crude Oil Prices (by year; 1997-2009)

Table 4-2 United States Petroleum Supply and Price Projections

Table 4-3 United States Natural Gas Supply and Price Projections

Algae Biofuels Production Cost Reductions

Algae Cultivation Systems

Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems

Algae Biofuels Production Technologies

Government Regulatory Support and Incentives for Algae Biofuels

Table 4-4 EISA Renewable Fuel Volume Requirements (billion gallons)

Table 4-5 Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Thresholds Specified in EISA (percentage reduction from 2005 baseline gasoline or diesel fuel)

Industry Investment

Algae Biofuels Technology Markets

Markets for Algae Cultivation Systems

Figure 4-2 Open Pond Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Table 4-6 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Open Pond Algae Cultivation Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)

Figure 4-3 Photobioreactor Algae Cultivation Systems Global Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Table 4-7 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Photobioreactor Algae Cultivation Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)

Figure 4-4 Total Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Markets for Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Technologies

Figure 4-5 Global Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems Market Size (2010-2015)

Figure 4-6 Estimated Market Share of Centrifuges, Emerging Technologies, and Other Conventional Technologies (2010-2015)

Table 4-8 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)

Figure 4-7 Estimated Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) for Algal Harvesting and Oil Extraction Versus Cultivation (2010-2015)

Figure 4-8 Global Market Size for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (2010-2015) (in million $)

Table 4-9 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares

Table 4-10 World Market Shares for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (United States, European Union, Asia)

Figure 4-9 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares (in million $)

Summary

Figure 4-10 Estimated Global Algae Biofuels Market (2010-2015) (in million $)

CHAPTER 5 ALGAE BIOFUELS TECHNOLOGIES - MARKET AND PRODUCT TRENDS

Scope

Product Trends and Pricing

Open Pond Cultivation Systems

Photobioreactor Cultivation Systems

Flocculation, Screening and Air Flotation Systems

Centrifugation Systems and Components

Mechanical Oil Pressing Systems and Components

Ultrasound Systems and Components

Electromechanical Oil Extraction Systems and Components

Biodiesel Refineries

Fermentation Systems

Hydrotreating Facilities

Anaerobic Digesters

Gasification Systems

Industry Trends

Industry Participation

Figure 5-1 Number of Algae Biofuels Companies, Global (by year; 1997-2009)

Table 5-1 External Industries and Participants in the Algae Biofuels Industry

Investment Trends

Table 5-2 Near Term Sources of Algae Biofuels Funding

Table 5-3 Algae Biofuels Projects Funded Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (2009)

Figure 5-2 Venture Capital Raised by Algae Biofuels Companies (1st Quarter 2005 - 2nd Quarter 2010) (in million $)

Industry Research and Development

Figure 5-3 Published Patents and Patent Applications for Algae Photobioreactors (U.S. Patent Office, European Patent Office, World Intellectual Property Organization)

Supplier and Manufacturer Market Activity

Trends and Developments in Other Algae Industries

Financing Trends for Algae Biofuels Industry Projects

Availability of Financing for Facility Construction

Costs and Risks Comparison between Algae Biofuels Projects and other Alternative Biofuels Projects

Biofuels Production and Capacity Rates and Trends

Biodiesel

Figure 5-4 U.S. Biodiesel Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)

Figure 5-5 European Union (EU) Biodiesel Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)

Renewable Diesel

Ethanol Fuel

Figure 5-6 U.S. Ethanol Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)

Figure 5-7 Ethanol Production in Brazil, European Union, and China (2005-2010)

Biobutanol

Aviation Biofuel

Biomethane

Biogasoline

Hydrogen

Agricultural Biofuels Crop Prices and Demand

Figure 5-8 Global Average Spot Crude Oil Prices (2001-2010)

Summary

CHAPTER 6 ALGAE BIOFUELS AND TECHNOLOGIES - PROMOTION AND DISTRIBUTION

Scope

Algae Biofuels Supply Chain

Figure 6-1. Algae Biofuels Supply Chain

Algae Biofuels Facility Products Supply Chain

Figure 6-2: Bioalgae Cultivation

Figure 6-3: Harvesting and Extraction

Figure 6-4: Refining and Biofuels Production

Algae Biofuels Promotion

Algae Biofuels Demonstration

Algae Biodiesel Vehicle Demonstration

Algae Aviation Biofuel Demonstrations

Algae Biogasoline Demonstration

Algae Biofuels Facility Products Promotion

Summary

CHAPTER 7 COMPETITIVE PROFILES

Scope

Methodology and Selection of Profiles

Bayer MaterialScience

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-1 Annual Revenues of Bayer MaterialScience, 2005-2009 (in billion €)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Outlook

Personnel Changes

Desmet Ballestra

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Innovation

Outlook

Georg Fischer

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-2 Annual Revenues of Georg Fischer, 2005-2009 (in billion CHF)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Outlook

Personnel Changes

Harvel Plastics

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Company News

Personnel Changes

Hielscher

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Company News

Innovation

Hydrotec

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-3 Annual Revenues of Veolia Water, 2005-2009 (in billion €)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Innovation

Outlook

Personnel Changes

Praxair

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-4 Annual Revenues of Praxair, 2005-2009 (in billion $)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Innovation

Outlook

Personnel Changes

Siemens Industry

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-5 Annual Revenues of Siemens Industry, 2005-2009 (in billion €)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Innovation

Outlook

UOP

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Figure 7-6 Annual Revenues of Honeywell Specialty Materials, 2005-2009 (in billion $)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Innovation

Outlook

US Centrifuge

Corporate Background

Product Portfolio

Performance

Technology Provider Profiles

Algenol Biofuels

Corporate Background

Technology Profile

Development Projects

OriginOil

Corporate Background

Figure 7-7 Annual Revenues of OriginOil, 2007-2009 (in billion $)

Technology Profile

Development Projects

Solazyme

Corporate Background

Technology Profile

Development Projects

Solix Biofuels

Corporate Background

Technology Profile

Development Projects

CHAPTER 8 END USERS

Scope

Algae Biofuels Technology End Users

Algae Cultivators, Algae Biofuels Technology Providers, and Developers

Figure 8-1 Distribution of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies by State

Figure 8-2 Distribution of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies by Region

Figure 8-3 Distribution of Algae Biofuels Companies by Global Region

Figure 8-4 Number of Algae Biofuels Technology End Users (by year; 2001-2010)

Figure 8-5 Current End Users Cultivation System Capacities (by Acreage)

Biofuels Producers and Refiners

Algae Biofuels End Users

Summary

APPENDIX: CONTACT INFORMATION FOR SELECT SUPPLIERS TO THE ALGAE BIOFUELS INDUSTRY AND TECHNICAL EXPERTS

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