Liquefied Petroleum Gas – An Industrial Analysis

Date: February 1, 2012
Pages: 150
Price:
US$ 350.00
Publisher: Aruvian's R'search
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF), Hard Copy Mail Delivery, CD-ROM Mail Delivery
ID: L910A993509EN
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Liquefied Petroleum Gas – An Industrial Analysis
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a non-renewable source of energy. It is extracted from crude oil and natural gas. The main composition of LPG are hydrocarbons containing three or four carbon atoms. The normal components of LPG thus, are propane and butane. Small concentrations of other hydrocarbons may also be present. Depending on the source of the LPG and how it has been produced, components other than hydrocarbons may also be present.

LPG is a gas at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperatures, but it can be liquefied when moderate pressure is applied or when the temperature is sufficiently reduced. It can be easily condensed, packaged, stored and utilized, which makes it an ideal energy source for a wide range of applications.

Aruvian's R'search brings to you an industry analysis of Liquefied Petroleum Gas – from the basics of usage and history to the development of autogas. The report covers in-depth profiles of LPG equipment manufacturers, LPG vehicle manufacturers, LPG suppliers, and countries where LPG is a major source of energy.

The report also covers the nitty-grittys of LPG vehicle fleets, regulatory factors affecting the industry, incentives promoting LPG usage, other non-automobile uses of LPG, factors affecting the transportation of LPG, a complete analysis of the LPG vehicle, and much more.
A. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

B. INTRODUCTION TO LPG

What is LPG?
Composition of LPG – Propane & Butane
History of LPG
Source of LPG
Current Usage
Range and Refueling
Availability, & Pricing
Versatility of LPG
Storage and Safety
Emissions Benefits of LPG
Fuel Efficiency for Fleet Service
Is LPG Safe?

C. LOOKING AT LPG COMBUSTION

Firing Practices
Emissions
  Criteria Pollutants
  GHGs
Controls for LPG Combustion

D. TRANSPORTING LPG

Transport by Sea
Transporting in Closed Vehicles
Carrying Different Loads

E. AUTOGAS

Converting a Vehicle to LPG
Vehicle Manufacturers
  Toyota
  Vialli
  Ford
  Fiat
  Hyundai
  General Motors
  Volvo
  Holden
  Honda
  Maruti
Country Analysis
  Turkey
  China
  Australia
  The Netherlands
  Italy
India
  Poland
Pakistan
Philippines
  Hong Kong
  Korea
Autogas System Types
Autogas System Parts
Filler
Pipes, Hoses & Fittings
Tank/Gas Cylinder
Valves
Converter
Mixer
Vapor Phase Injectors
Liquid Phase Injectors
Electricals
Understanding the Converter-and-Mixer System
Performance of Autogas Vehicles
LPG in Diesel Vehicles
The Economics of Autogas
Infrastructure Costs
Capital Costs
Operating Costs
Refueling LPG Vehicles

F. REGULATIONS GOVERNING LPG VEHICLES

1992 ENERGY POLICY ACT (EPACT)
The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA)
Clean Fuel Fleet Program (CFFP)

G. GOVERNMENT INCENTIVE PROGRAMS FOR LPG VEHICLES

Clean Fuel Vehicle Federal Tax Deduction
Clean Fuels Grant Program
Bus and Bus-Related Grants
State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleets Program
Department of Energy State Energy Program
Department of Energy Clean Cities Program
Monetary Incentives
State AFV Purchase Incentives
Non-Fiscal Incentives

H. LPG EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS

CleanFuelsUSA
Cummins Westport
Heart International
BAF Technologies
Ebus Inc
Baytech Corporation
Advanced Fuel Technologies
Technocarb Equipment
Eco Fuel Systems
Parnell USA Inc
Hybrid Fuel Systems
ACME Alternate Fuel Systems

I. OTHER USES OF PROPANE

LPG as a Cooking Fuel
Residential Construction
  Heating
  Water Heating
  Clothes Drying
  Lighting
  Grilling
Manufactured Housing
  Safety of Propane
Agriculture
  Thermal Agriculture
  Crop/Food Conditioning
  Nutrient Management
  Power Generation
  Chemical Replacement
  Agricultural Incentives
Powering Forklifts with Propane
  Environmental Benefits
  Safety
  Refueling
  Costs
  Regulatory Factors

J. LPG AND SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS

K. RISKS & MITIGATION ASSOCIATED WITH LPG

L. LPG DEALERS

PPL Corporation
Energy Transfer Partners, L.P.
AmeriGas Partners, L.P.
Ferrellgas Partners, L.P.
UGI Corporation
Suburban Propane Partners, L.P.
SemGroup, L.P.
Macquarie Infrastructure Company Trust
CH Energy Group, Inc.
SEMCO Energy, Inc.

M. APPENDIX

N. GLOSSARY OF TERMS
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