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LED and OLED Global Markets, 2nd Edition

January 2013 | 184 pages | ID: L41ACF46C78EN

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This research report presents an in-depth analysis of the development, performance, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the worldwide use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). LEDs are now widely used in mobile electronics, flat panel televisions, traffic signals, automotive lights and signals, and general illumination among many other applications. OLEDs are not as common and are typically used for small electronic displays. However, they have all but taken over the display market for smart phones, displacing LEDs as they do so. Significant strides have been made in LED and OLED manufacturing, performance, and product applications over the past five years and both technologies are now poised to revolutionize the lighting and electronics industry with their long-lifetimes and an energy-efficient operation.

This report contains a comprehensive analysis of the current market for LED and OLED technologies as well as projections for market size and end-use application growth through 2022. Marketing concerns including cost, energy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance, intellectual property rights, and government activities are discussed in detail. The report also profiles major manufacturers and marketers of LEDs and OLEDs and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.

LEDs have been used in many industrial, business, and consumer applications for a number of years and are now beginning to penetrate the general illumination market in significant numbers. OLEDs are also becoming more widely used and are expected to have significant impacts on the flat panel television market and the general illumination market within the next five years. Cost has been – and remains – the final obstacle to rapid growth of both LEDs and OLEDs since the brightness levels and operational lifetimes have surpassed that of incandescent and fluorescent lighting products. From mobile phones to automobiles to billboards to television sets and virtually every other product that requires lighting, LEDs and OLEDs have proven their many advantages over alternative lighting technologies. This report delineates these advantages and the potential impacts LED and OLED technologies bring to various markets and applications for the next ten years.

Research Methodology
Solid State Lighting (SSL)
  Figure 1-1 Historical Electric Rates & Electricity Generation – United States 1990-2011 (cents per kWh, Gigawatt-hour (GWh)
  Figure 1-2 Projected Energy Consumption Reductions from LED Lighting, (2010-2030)
  Light emitting Diodes (LEDs)
  Figure 1-3 LED Schematic
  Table 1-1 LED Semiconductor Materials and Associated Light Color
  Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)
  Figure 1-4 Typical OLED Construction
SSL Applications
  LED Applications
  OLED Applications
  Figure 1-5 Example of OLED Lighting
LED and OLED Advantages
  Table 1-2 Advantages of LEDs and OLEDs
  OLED Advantages Over LEDs
  OLED Advantages over LCDs
  LED and OLED Disadvantages
The Current Market for LEDs and OLEDs
  Figure 1-6 LED and OLED Market 2008-2012 ($ billions)
  Figure 1-7 Selected LED and OLED Markets 2008-2012 ($ billions)
Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting LED and OLED Growth
  Manufacturing costs
  Economic Conditions
  Demand for Energy Efficient Lighting
  Energy and Fuel Costs
  Environmental Concerns
  New Applications
  Common Standards
The Market for LEDs and OLEDs 2013-2022
  Packaged LED Market Growth
  Figure 1-8 Packaged LED Market Growth 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Figure 1-9 Packaged LED Market by Country 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  LED General Illumination Market Growth
  Figure 1-10 Global Lighting Market by Lighting Technology 2013-2022($ billions)
  OLED Market Growth
  Figure 1-11 OLED Market Size 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Figure 1-12 LED and OLED Market Size 2013-2022 ($ billions)


Light Emitting Diodes Defined
Diode Overview
  Figure 2-1: P-N Junction Materials
  Figure 2-2: P-N Junction Formation
  Figure 2-3: P-N Junction Depletion Zone
  Figure 2-4: P-N Junction Depletion Zone Removal
Semiconductor Materials
  Table 2-1: LED Semiconductor Materials and Associated Light Color .. 34
LED Light Color
  Figure 2-5: LED White Light Production
  Table 2-2: White LED Production Methods – Advantages and Disadvantages
History of LEDs
  Figure 2-6: Haitz’s Law (Flux per LED – Lumens (lm))
Advantages of LEDs
  Table 2-3: Light Technology Lifetimes (Hours)
  Table 2-4: Advantages of LEDs
Disadvantages of LEDs
  Table 2-5: 60-watt Equivalent Light Bulb Costs
  LED Efficiency
  Figure 2-7: CIE Uniform Chromaticity Scale (UCS) diagram (1960)
LED Manufacturing Process
  Figure 2-8: LED Wafer
  Figure 2-9 LED Packages – Examples
High Brightness LEDs
LED Drivers
Packaged LEDs
LED Applications
  Figure 2-10: Global New Automobile Production 1999-2012 (millions)
  Backlighting & Projection
  Signs and Displays
  General Illumination Applications
  Industrial, Medical, Scientific


LED Market Components
The Packaged LED Market Today
  Figure 3-1: Global Packaged LED Market, 2008–2012 ($ billions)
  Figure 3-2: Global Packaged LED Market by Region, 2008–2012($ billions)
  Figure 3-3: Global Packaged LED Market by Segment, 2008–2012($ billions)
The LED Lighting Market Today
  Figure 3-4: Global Lighting Market, 2008–2012 ($ billions)
LED Market Growth Drivers and Inhibitors
  Table 3-1: 60 Watt Equivalent Bulb – Price Comparison (October 2012)
  Cost Reduction
  Economic Conditions
  Demand for Energy Efficient Lighting
  Figure 3-5: U.S. Household Usage of Compact Fluorescent and Energy
  Efficient Lighting, 2003-2012 (percent of households)
  Energy and Fuel Costs
  Figure 3-6: Projected Energy Consumption Reductions from LED
  Lighting (2010-2030)
  The Green Movement
  Common Standards
  Incandescent Bulb Phase-Out
  Figure 3-7: Percent of World Population and Electric Consumption
  Affected by Incandescent Light Bulb Restrictions
  New Applications
LED Market Growth 2013-2022
  Overall LED Market Growth
  Figure 3-8: LED Market Size 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Regional Growth – Packaged LEDs
  Table 3-2: World Economic Growth Rates (Selected Countries)
  Figure 3-9: Packaged LED Market by Region 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Figure 3-10: Packaged LED Market by Region 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Country Growth – Packaged LEDs
  Figure 3-11: Packaged LED Market by Country 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Table 3-3: Packaged LED Market by Country (2013-2022 - Selected Countries) ($ billions)
  The Packaged LED Market – by Segment
  Figure 3-12: Packaged LED Market by Segment 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  General Illumination Market
  Figure 3-13: Packaged LED Market – General Illumination and Signals 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Signals Market
  Mobile Market
  Figure 3-14: Packaged LED Market – Mobile and Backlighting &
  Projection 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Backlighting & Projection Market
  Automotive Market
  Figure 3-15: Packaged LED Market – Automotive 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Signs and Displays
  Figure 3-16: Packaged LED Market – Signs & Displays and Industrial,Medical, Scientific 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Industrial, Medical, Scientific
The LED Lighting Market
  Figure 3-17: Global Lighting Market by Lighting Technology 2013-2017($ billions)
  Figure 3-18: Global Lighting Market by Lighting Technology 2013-2022($ billions)
  Regional Growth
  Figure 3-19: Global Lighting Market by Region 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  Country Growth
  Figure 3-20: Global Lighting Market by Country 2013-2022 ($ billions)


Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)
  Figure 4-1: Typical OLED Construction
  Types of OLEDs
  OLED History
  OLED Manufacturing
  OLED Advantages
  Advantages over LCDs
  OLED Disadvantages
OLED Market and Growth
  The OLED Market 2008-2012
  Figure 4-2: OLED Market Growth 2008-2012 ($ billions)
  Figure 4-3: OLED Display Units 2008-2012 (millions)
  OLED Market Share
  Figure 4-4: OLED Company Market Share 2008-2012 (percent of market by display units produced)
  OLED Growth Factors
Small Display OLED Market
  Figure 4-5: Small Display OLED Market 2013-2022 ($ billions)
  OLED Flat Panel Television Market
  Figure 4-6: OLED TV Market 2013-2022 ($ billions)
OLED Lighting Market
  Table 4-1: OLED Lighting Panels and Performance Characteristics
  Figure 4-7: OLED Light Fixture Example
  Figure 4-8: OLED General Illumination Market 2013-2022 ($ billions) 116
OLED Market Growth 2013-2022
  Figure 4-9: OLED Market Size 2013-2022 ($ billions)


Reducing LED and OLED Failure Rates
  Chip Failure
  Table 5-1: Multiple LED Failure Rates (Probability of 3 or more
  LEDs failing in a 50-LED luminaire)
  Non-illumination Failure
Street Lighting
  Table 5-2: LED versus Comparative Street Lighting Technologies
  Equivalent Costs
  Table 5-3: LED and Conventional Street Lighting Lifetimes and Maintenance Costs
  Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium
  Table 5-4: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Test Results (Selected Cities)
  LightSavers Program
  LED Street Lighting Effectiveness
  Figure 5-1: LED and Metal Halide Lighting Comparison
  Economics of LED Street Lighting
New Products
Government Initiatives
  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Initiatives
  The L Prize
  Figure 5-2: L Prize Winning Entry
  Other Countries
LED Manufacturing Advances
OLED Manufacturing Advances
  Table 5-5: OLED Substrate GEN Size
LED Patents
OLED Patents
LED and OLED Distribution Channels
  Retail Stores
  Trade Shows and Other Channels


Cree, Inc.
  Business Model
  Mergers and Acquisitions
  Company Performance
  Table 6-1: Cree, Inc. Company Information
Product Portfolio
  Table 6-2: Cree, Inc. Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
Philips Lumileds Lighting Company
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-3: Philips Lumileds - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-4: Philips Lumileds Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-5: OSRAM GmbH - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-6: Osram Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-7: OSRAM SYLVANIA - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-8: OSRAM SYLVANIA Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
Nichia Corporation
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-9: Nichia - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-10: Nichia Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
GE Lighting Solutions, LLC
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-11: GE Lighting Solutions - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-12: GE Lighting Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
Samsung Display Company, Ltd
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-13: Samsung Display - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-14: Samsung SDI Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
AU Optronics Corporation
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-15: AU Optronics - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-16: AUO Product Portfolio
  Product Distribution
  Significant Developments
Lumiotec Inc
  Business Model
  Company Performance
  Table 6-17: Lumiotec - Company Information
  Product Portfolio
  Table 6-18: Lumiotec Product Portfolio
  Significant Developments

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