The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022

Date: May 11, 2012
Pages: 220
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US$ 2,633.00
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Publisher: Visiongain
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF)
ID: GF4FCAA9C40EN
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The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022
The world has vast quantities of natural gas reserves, but most of them are located far from where the gas is most needed. In natural gas liquefaction plants, gas is cooled and its volume is reduced by a factor of 600 at a temperature of -162°C. This enables LNG carrier ships to transport economic volumes of LNG across oceans to regasification terminals. At the receiving or import terminals the LNG cargo is either turned from liquid to gas and fed through gas pipelines to the gas grid, or is stored as LNG in super cooled tanks. This chain of operations allows for facilitated international trade of natural gas, the fastest growing fossil fuel.

The liquefied natural gas market is defined as capital investment in the infrastructure that is required for the production of LNG, its transportation and its regasification. Visiongain has determined that the value of the global investment in infrastructure for liquefied natural gas in 2012 will reach $35.8bn.

By the early 1960s the world had not yet seen any significant commercial trade in liquefied natural gas, but by the end of that decade commercial trade in LNG began to enable Japan to import gas through LNG. Since then, many countries have built LNG export or LNG import terminals and trade in LNG ballooned to over 100mtpa by the year 2000. The world currently has substantial capacity to export LNG. The construction projects and plans for further capacity increase for LNG terminals across the globe imply that worldwide capacity for LNG production and trade will be increasing throughout the forecast period.

Capacity additions to all major national LNG import and export markets will drive growth in the LNG market. Over the forecast period of this report, many countries will see numerous new LNG production plants come on-stream, allowing those countries to exploit their natural gas reservoirs for export earnings. On the other hand, LNG regasification and storage terminals will enable countries or regions with limited access to natural gas resources to supplement their gas supplies as gas is currently the most efficient and effective form of electric power production and it is widely used for heating. Naturally an increasing number of LNG carriers will be required in order to allow LNG trade to grow.

The report contains 156 tables, charts and graphs that add visual analysis in order to explain developing trends within the liquefied natural gas market. Visiongain provides forecasts for the period 2012-2022 in terms of investment value (US$) for the global liquefied natural gas market, as well as for 3 submarkets; liquefaction, regasification and LNG carriers. In addition, 7 regional liquefied natural gas (LNG) markets are forecast and analysed by Visiongain over the period 2012-2022. The report also provides profiles of 66 leading companies operating within the market, and includes 2 exclusive interviews with principal liquefied natural gas companies, providing expert insight alongside Visiongain analysis.

Unique Selling Points
  • Comprehensive analysis of the prospects for the liquefied natural gas market from 2012-2022.
  • Analysis and forecasting informed by extensive expert consultation with industry leaders. You will be able to read full transcripts of interviews from 2 leading companies involved within the liquefied natural gas market.
  • 156 tables, charts and graphs that quantify, analyse and forecast the changing dynamics of the liquefied natural gas market between 2012-2022.
  • Forecasts and analysis for the global liquefied natural gas market between 2012-2022
  • Forecasts and analysis for 3 LNG submarkets, liquefaction infrastructure, regasification infrastructure and LNG carriers from 2012-2022.
  • Forecasts and analysis for the 7 regional liquefied natural gas markets between 2012-2022
  • Analysis for 41 leading national liquefied natural gas markets, with capacity figures and projections for the period 2012-2022
  • SWOT analysis of the forces that influence and characterise the liquefied natural gas market
  • Profiles of 66 leading companies operating within the liquefied natural gas market.
Methodology

This report has been compiled by combining information obtained from a very wide and rich mixture of primary and secondary research sources, producing a broad industry overview. Visiongain sought opinions from leading figures in the liquefied natural gas market to underpin the analysis of market drivers and restraints.

The study draws on a diverse range of official corporate and governmental announcements, media reports, policy documents, industry statements and expert opinion as a basis for discussing and predicting developments in the liquefied natural gas market between 2012 and 2022.

Visiongain considers that this methodology results in an accurate, objective mixture of analyses and forecasts.

Why you should buy The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022
  • You will receive a comprehensive analysis of the liquefied natural gas market from 2012-2022
  • The analysis and forecasting has been informed by extensive expert consultation with industry leaders. Within the report, you will be able to read full transcripts of interviews from 2 leading companies involved within the LNG market.
    • Höegh LNG
    • Excelerate Energy
  • You will find 156 tables, charts, and graphs that quantify, analyse and forecast the LNG market from 2012-2022
  • You will receive forecasts and analysis of the global LNG market between 2012-2022
  • You will find forecasts and analysis of 3 LNG submarkets over the period 2012-2022
    • Liquefaction
    • Regasification
    • LNG Carriers
  • You will discover forecasts and analysis for the 7 regional liquefied natural gas markets between 2012-2022
    • Africa
    • Asia Pacific
    • Eurasia
    • Europe
    • Latin America and the Caribbean
    • The Middle East
    • North America
  • You will be presented with analysis of the LNG market in 43 leading national markets
    • Algeria
    • Angola
    • Argentine
    • Australia
    • Belgium
    • Brazil
    • Britain
    • Canada
    • Chile
    • China
    • Colombia
    • Cyprus
    • Egypt
    • France
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Iran
    • Iraq
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Jamaica
    • Japan
    • Malaysia
    • Mexico
    • Nigeria
    • Norway
    • Oman
    • Papa new Guinea
    • Peru
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Puerto Rico
    • Qatar
    • Russia
    • South Korea
    • Spain
    • The Netherlands
    • The Rest of Africa
    • The UAE
    • The US
    • Turkey
    • Uruguay
    • Venezuela
    • Yemen
  • You will receive a SWOT analysis that examines the LNG market from 2012-2022
  • You will gain profiles of 66 leading companies operating within the liquefied natural gas market
What is the structure of the report?
  • Chapter 1 is the executive summary.
  • Chapter 2 is an introduction to the liquefied natural gas market providing a clear overview and definition of the market and its characteristics.
  • Chapter 3 provides extensive analysis of the global LNG market with detailed spending and capacity forecast from 2012-2022 for three submarkets; regasification, liquefaction and LNG carrier vessels.
  • Chapter 4 forecasts and analyses 7 regional, liquefied natural gas markets. Detailed market analysis is provided for 41 leading countries, including contract and project details.
  • Chapter 5 provides a SWOT analysis of the LNG market for 2012-2022, identifying the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
  • Chapter 6 explains some of the major technologies used in LNG liquefaction and regasification, as well as trends in LNG carrier markets.
  • Chapter 7 features 2 original interviews with industry experts, Höegh LNG and Excelerate Energy who offer an insider's perspective on the LNG market.
  • Chapter 8 lays out profiles of the leading 66 companies operating in the LNG market.
  • Chapter 9 provides a summary of the report, outlining the main conclusions of the analyses.
  • Chapter 10 provides a glossary of terms and acronyms used in the report.
You can order this report today

Anybody with an interest in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) market should gain valuable information and insight from this new study by Visiongain, which analyses one of the most dynamic markets in the energy industry. The liquefied natural gas industry offers substantial business and investment opportunities and is becoming an increasingly important component of the natural gas market in several key regional markets.

The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022 report will be valuable both to those already involved in the LNG market and those wishing to enter the market in the future. Gain an understanding of how to tap into the potential of this market by ordering The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Overview of the Global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market
1.2 Drivers and Restraints of the Global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market
  1.2.1 Drivers
  1.2.2 Restraints
1.3 Highlights of the Report.
1.4 Benefits of the Report
1.5 Methodology
1.6 The Global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
1.7 The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Submarket Forecast 2012-2022
1.8 The Regional Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022

2. INTRODUCTION TO THE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

2.1 Introduction to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Processes
2.2 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) History and Development
2.3 LNG Trade and LNG Freight Rates
2.4 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Infrastructure vs. Pipeline Gas
2.5 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Shipping Contracts

3. THE GLOBAL LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET 2012-2022

3.1 The Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market Forecast 2012-2022
3.2 The LNG Submarket Share Forecast 2012-2022
3.3 The LNG Liquefaction Submarket Forecast 2012-2022
3.4 The LNG Regasification Submarket Forecast 2012-2022
3.5 The LNG Carrier Ships Submarket Forecast 2012-2022

4. REGIONAL LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET FORECAST 2012-2022

4.1 The Asia Pacific Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.1.1 Australian LNG Projects
  4.1.2 Chinese LNG Projects
  4.1.3 Indonesian LNG Projects
  4.1.4 Malaysian LNG Projects
  4.1.5 Indian LNG Projects
  4.1.6 Japanese LNG Projects
  4.1.7 South Korean LNG Projects
  4.1.8 Papa New Guinea LNG Projects
4.2 The African Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.2.1 Nigerian LNG Projects
  4.2.2 Angolan LNG Projects
  4.2.3 Algerian LNG Projects
  4.2.4 Egyptian LNG Projects
  4.2.5 The Rest of Africa LNG Projects
4.3 The North American Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.3.1 US LNG Projects
  4.3.2 Canadian LNG Projects
4.4 The European Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.4.1 Italian LNG Projects
  4.4.2 Spanish & Portuguese LNG Projects
  4.4.3 British LNG Projects
  4.4.4 French LNG Projects
  4.4.5 Irish LNG Projects
  4.4.6 Polish LNG Projects
  4.4.7 Dutch & Belgian LNG Projects
  4.4.8 Turkish LNG Projects
  4.4.9 Cypriot LNG Projects
  4.4.10 Norwegian LNG Projects
4.5 The Latin American & Caribbean Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.5.1 Argentinean LNG Projects
  4.5.2 Uruguayan LNG Projects
  4.5.3 Mexican LNG Projects
  4.5.4 Brazilian LNG Projects
  4.5.5 Peruvian LNG Projects
  4.5.6 Chilean LNG Projects
  4.5.7 Puerto Rican LNG Projects
  4.5.8 Colombian LNG Projects
  4.5.9 Venezuelan LNG Projects
  4.5.10 Jamaican LNG Project
4.6 The Middle Eastern Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.6.1 Iraqi LNG Projects
  4.6.2 Qatari LNG Projects
  4.6.3 UAE LNG Projects
  4.6.4 Iranian LNG Projects
  4.6.5 Omani LNG Projects
  4.6.6 Yemeni LNG Projects
4.7 The Eurasian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Forecast 2012-2022
  4.7.1 Russian LNG Projects

5. SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET 2012-2022

5.1 Strengths
  5.1.1 Decreasing Operating Costs
  5.1.2 Increasing Use of Gas for Electricity Generation
  5.1.3 Lower Pollution & Carbon Dioxide Emissions
  5.1.4 Comparative Safe Operating History
  5.1.5 Price Differentials across Continents
  5.1.6 Growing Demand for Natural Gas
5.2 Weaknesses
  5.2.1 High Cost of Infrastructure
  5.2.2 Regulations and Public Opposition
  5.2.3 Need for Expansive Land Areas
  5.2.4 Demand Uncertainty & Volatile Gas Spot Prices
5.3 Opportunities
  5.3.1 Geopolitical Advantages & Options for Re-exports
  5.3.2 Floating Liquefaction, Regasification & Power Plants
  5.3.3 Natural Gas Vehicles
5.4 Threats
  5.4.1 Development of Shale Gas & Extension of Pipelines
  5.4.2 Political Instability
  5.4.3 Cartel Formation

6. LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) TECHNOLOGIES

6.1 Comparison of Liquefaction Processes
  6.1.1 Optimised Single Mixed Refrigerant (OSMR) Technology
  6.1.2 Propane Pre-Cooled Mixed Refrigerant (PPMR) Process
  6.1.3 Mixed Fluid Cascade (MFC) Process
  6.1.4 LIQUEFIN Process
  6.1.5 PRICO Process
  6.1.6 Double Mixed Refrigerant (DMR) Process
  6.1.7 Optimised Cascade LNG Process (OCLP)
6.2 Comparison of Regasification Technologies
  6.2.1 Smart Air Vaporisation (SAV) & Ambient Air Vaporisation (AAV) Process
  6.2.2 Intermediate Fluid Vaporisation (IFV) Process
  6.2.3 Open Rack Vaporisation (ORV) Process
  6.2.4 Submerged Combustion Vaporisation (SCV) Process
6.3 Ice Breaker Vessels & LNG Vessel Insulation Systems
6.4 Dual Fuel LNG Vessel Propulsion Systems
6.5 Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG)
6.6 Improvements in Coal Seam Gas Extraction
6.7 Hydraulic Fracturing and Horizontal Drilling for Shale Gas

7. EXPERT OPINION

7.1 Höegh LNG
  7.1.1 Höegh LNG in the Liquefied Natural Gas Market
  7.1.2 Advantages of FLNG Facilities over Onshore LNG Terminals
  7.1.3 Technological Advances in the LNG Market
  7.1.4 Drivers in the LNG Market
  7.1.5 Threats to the LNG Industry
  7.1.6 Opportunities in the LNG Industry
  7.1.7 Future of the LNG Market in Japan
  7.1.8 The World LNG Vessel Fleet
  7.1.9 The LNG Shipping Market & LNG Freight Rates in the Years to Come
  7.1.10 Future World LNG Consumption
7.2 Excelerate Energy LLC
  7.2.1 Excelerate Energy's Business Focus
  7.2.2 LNG Loading and Offloading Time Frame
  7.2.3 LNG Vessel Power Consumption and Propulsion Systems
  7.2.4 LNG Ship Classification Societies
  7.2.5 Time and Cost of LNG Carrier Construction
  7.2.6 LNG Industry Technological Improvements
  7.2.7 Drivers in the LNG Market
  7.2.8 Opportunities in the LNG Industry
  7.2.9 FSRU Costs and Time Comparison with Fixed Terminals
  7.2.10 LNG Pattern of Trade

8. LEADING COMPANIES IN THE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

8.1 Energy Companies in the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Production Market
  8.1.1 Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC)
  8.1.2 Apache Corporation
  8.1.3 BP
  8.1.4 BG Group
  8.1.5 Cheniere Energy, Inc.
  8.1.6 Chevron Corporation
  8.1.7 Chubu Electric Power Company
  8.1.8 China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
  8.1.9 China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec)
  8.1.10 ConocoPhillips Company
  8.1.11 Enagas
  8.1.12 Eni S.p.A.
  8.1.13 ExxonMobil Corporation
  8.1.14 Freeport LNG
  8.1.15 Gazprom
  8.1.16 GDF Suez
  8.1.17 Inpex Corporation
  8.1.18 Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS)
  8.1.19 Marathon Oil Corporation
  8.1.20 Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Company (NLNG)
  8.1.21 Osaka Gas Company
  8.1.22 Pertamina
  8.1.23 Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas)
  8.1.24 QatarGas
  8.1.25 RasGas
  8.1.26 Royal Dutch Shell
  8.1.27 Santos Ltd.
  8.1.28 Sonatrach
  8.1.29 Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)
  8.1.30 Tokyo Gas Company
  8.1.31 Total
  8.1.32 Woodside
8.2 LNG Carrier, FSRU & FLNG Owner and Operator Companies
  8.2.1 BW Gas
  8.2.2 Excelerate Energy LLC
  8.2.3 Exmar
  8.2.4 Flex LNG Ltd
  8.2.5 GasLog Logistics
  8.2.6 Golar LNG
  8.2.7 Höegh LNG
  8.2.8 Hyproc Shipping Company
  8.2.9'K' Line LNG Shipping Ltd.
  8.2.10 Maran Gas Maritime Inc.
  8.2.11 MISC LNG
  8.2.12 Mitsui OSK Lines. (MOL)
  8.2.13 Pronav
  8.2.14 Sovcomflot
  8.2.15 Teekay LNG Partners
8.3 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Infrastructure Engineering, Construction & Technology Provider Companies
  8.3.1 ABB
  8.3.2 Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (APCI)
  8.3.3 Axens
  8.3.4 Black & Veatch Corporation
  8.3.5 Chicago Bridge and Iron Company (CB&I)
  8.3.6 Fluor Corporation
  8.3.7 Foster Wheeler
  8.3.8 GE Oil & Gas
  8.3.9 Howden
  8.3.10 Intertek LNG Services
  8.3.11 JGC Corporation
  8.3.12 John Holland
  8.3.13 KBR
  8.3.14 Linde Engineering
  8.3.15 Liquefied Natural Gas Ltd
  8.3.16 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  8.3.17 Mott Macdonald
  8.3.18 Technip
  8.3.19 WorleyParsons

9. CONCLUSIONS

9.1 Summary of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market
9.2 The Global LNG Market & Submarket Forecast
9.3 The Fastest Growing Regional LNG Markets
9.4 Moderately Growing Regional LNG Markets
9.5 The Slowest Growing Regional LNG Markets

10. GLOSSARY

LIST OF TABLES


Table 1.1 Drivers and Restraints of the Global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market
Table 3.1 Global LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 3.2 Global LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 3.3 LNG Submarkets Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 3.4 The Liquefaction Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR%)
Table 3.5 The Liquefaction Submarket Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 3.6 Global LNG Liquefaction Terminal Projects (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $bn, Construction Period)
Table 3.7 The Regasification Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR%)
Table 3.8 The Regasification Submarket Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 3.9 Global LNG Regasification Terminal Projects (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $, Construction Period)
Table 3.10 The LNG Carrier Ships Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR%)
Table 3.11 The LNG Carrier Ships Submarket Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 3.12 LNG Carrier Ships Under-Construction (Shipbuilder, Ship-owner, Ship-operator, Delivery Year, LNG Capacity Thousand m³, & Price $m)
Table 3.13 LNG Carrier Ships (Type, Dimensions & LNG Capacity m³)
Table 4.1 Regional LNG Markets Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.2 Regional LNG Markets Forecast (CAGR %) 2012-2022, 2012-2017 and 2017-2022
Table 4.3 The Asia Pacific LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.4 The Asia Pacific LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.5 The Asia Pacific LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.6 Asia Pacific LNG Import Terminals Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $, Construction Period)
Table 4.7 Asia Pacific LNG Export Terminals Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $, Construction Period)
Table 4.8 Australian LNG Export Terminals Under Construction (Location, Owner/Operator, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.9 Existing, Planned & Under Construction Chinese LNG Import Terminals (Location, Owner, Status, Capacity MTPA & BCM/A)
Table 4.10 Existing, Planned & Under Construction Indonesian LNG Export Terminals (Location, Owner, Status)
Table 4.11 Indian LNG Import Terminals (Location, Owner/Operator, Capacity MTPA, BCM/Annum & Status)
Table 4.12 Existing Japanese LNG Import Terminals (Location, Operator/Owner)
Table 4.13 Existing, Planned & Under Construction South Korean LNG Import Terminals (Location, Owner, Status, Capacity MTPA & BCM/A)
Table 4.14 The African LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.15 The African LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.16 The African LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.17 African LNG Export Terminals Planned & Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.18 The North American LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.19 The North American LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.20 The North American LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.21 North American LNG Export Terminals Planned/Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.22 North American LNG Export Terminals Planned & Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner & Capacity)
Table 4.23 North American Proposed LNG Import Terminals (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.24 Existing US LNG Regasification Terminals (Location, Capacity BCM/Annum, Owner/Operator)
Table 4.25 The European LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.26 The European LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.27 The European LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.28 European LNG Import Terminals Planned (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.29 European LNG Export Terminal Planned (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.30 The Latin American & Caribbean LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.31 The Latin American & Caribbean LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.32 The Latin American & Caribbean LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.33 Latin American & Caribbean LNG Export Terminals Planned/Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Period)
Table 4.34 Latin American & Caribbean LNG Import Terminals Planned/Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.35 Existing Mexican LNG Regasification Terminals (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity BCM/Annum)
Table 4.36 The Middle Eastern LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.37 The Middle Eastern LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.38 The Middle Eastern LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.39 Middle Eastern LNG Export Terminals Planned/Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $ & Construction Period)
Table 4.40 The Eurasian LNG Market Forecast Summary 2012, 2017 and 2022 ($bn, Rank, % Share, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.41 The Eurasian LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn, AGR %)
Table 4.42 The Eurasian LNG Market Forecast CAGR (%) 2012-2022, 2012-2017, and 2017-2022
Table 4.43 Eurasian LNG Export Terminals Planned/Under Construction (Location, Operator/Owner, Capacity, Construction Cost $bn & Construction Period)
Table 5.1 SWOT Analysis of the LNG Market 2012-2022
Table 5.2 Worldwide Natural Gas Vehicles by Country 2012 (Units & %)
Table 6.1 Advantages & Disadvantages of LNG Liquefaction Technologies
Table 8.1 BW Gas LNG Carrier Fleet (Vessel Type, Units, DWT, Capacity M³)
Table 8.2 Pronav LNG Carrier Fleet (Vessel Type, Units, DWT, Capacity M³)
Table 8.3 Sovcomflot LNG Carrier Fleet (Vessel Type, Units)

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1 Seismological Map of World Earthquake Hotspots
Figure 1.2 Comparison of the Average Energy Content of Fossil Fuels (Kilojoules per Kilogram)
Figure 1.3 Poisonous Substance Emissions of Natural Gas, Oil and Coal (lbs/billion BTU)
Figure 1.4 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Submarket Values 2012 ($bn)
Figure 1.5 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Submarkets Forecast (CAGR %) 2012-2022, 2012-2017 & 2017-2022
Figure 1.6 Regional Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market Value 2012 ($bn)
Figure 1.7 Regional LNG Markets Forecasts (CAGR %) 2012-2017, 2017-2022 & 2012-2022
Figure 2.1 LNG Supply Chain from Field Production to Gas Grid
Figure 2.2 LNG Supply Chain Typical Return on Investment (%)
Figure 2.3 Typical Minor Gases in Processed Natural Gas (%)
Figure 2.4 Typical Percentage Breakdown of LNG Supply Chain Costs (%)
Figure 2.5 LNG Spot Charter Rates for 138,000-145,000cm Modern Vessel 2005-2012 ($/day)
Figure 2.6 Regional LNG Exports & Imports 2010 (BCM)
Figure 2.7 Regional Natural Gas Imports in 2010 by Pipelines & LNG (BCM)
Figure 3.1 Global LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 3.2 Volume of Natural Gas Consumption Growth between 2010-2040 (BCF/d of LNG, Pipeline, Local Unconventional Gas and Local Conventional Gas)
Figure 3.3 Regional Gas Consumption 1965-2010 and Forecast Growth in Regional Gas Consumption 2010-2022 (BCM/Annum)
Figure 3.4 Regional Natural Gas Reserve to Production Ratios and Regional Natural Gas Reserves 2010 (Trillion Cubic Metres)
Figure 3.5 LNG Exports by Country 2010 (BCM)
Figure 3.6 LNG Imports by Country 2010 (BCM)
Figure 3.7 LNG Submarket Share Forecast 2012 (%)
Figure 3.8 LNG Submarket Share Forecast 2017 (%)
Figure 3.9 LNG Submarket Share Forecast 2022 (%)
Figure 3.10 LNG Submarkets Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 3.12 The Liquefaction Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 3.13 Steps in the Liquefaction Process & their Products
Figure 3.14 LNG Liquefaction Capacity in the Top 22 LNG Exporting Countries 2012, 2017, 2022 (BCM/Annum)
Figure 3.15 Global LNG Liquefaction Capacity Forecast 2012-2022 (BCM/Annum)
Figure 3.16 The Regasification Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 3.17 LNG Regasification Capacity in the Top 23 LNG Importing Countries 2012, 2017, 2022 (BCM/Annum)
Figure 3.18 Global LNG Regasification & Storage Capacity Forecast 2012-2022 (BCM/Annum)
Figure 3.19 The LNG Carrier Ships Submarket Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 3.20 Worldwide LNG Carrier Fleet Forecast 2012-2022 (Units)
Figure 3.21 Worldwide LNG Carrier Fleet by Size before 2007 & Additions by 2011 (Units)
Figure 3.22 Worldwide LNG Carrier Fleet by Size 2011 (% & Units)
Figure 4.1 Regional LNG Markets Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.2 Regional LNG Market Share Forecast 2012 (%)
Figure 4.3 Regional LNG Market Share Forecast 2017 (%)
Figure 4.4 Regional LNG Market Share Forecast 2022 (%)
Figure 4.5 Regional LNG Markets Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.6 The Asia Pacific LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.7 The Asia Pacific LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.8 Asia Pacific LNG Imports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.9 Asia Pacific LNG Exports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.10 Map of Southern Asia Pacific LNG Export & Import Terminals 2010 (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.11 Map of Northern Asia Pacific LNG Export & Import Terminals 2010 (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.12 Map of Japanese LNG Import Terminals 2010 (Location)
Figure 4.13 The African LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.14 The African LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.15 Map of African LNG Export & Import Terminals 2010 (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.16 African LNG Exports by Country 2010 (BCM)
Figure 4.17 The North American LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.18 The North American LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.19 Map of East Coast US LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.20 Map of West Coast US LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.21 Map of US Gulf of Mexico US LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.22 US & Canada LNG Imports in 2010 (BCM)
Figure 4.23 US Sources of Natural Gas 1990-2022 Actual & Forecast (Trillion Cubic Feet)
Figure 4.24 Volume of US Natural Gas Imports and Exports by Pipeline & LNG 1985-2011 (million ft³)
Figure 4.25 US Monthly Pipeline & LNG Import & Export Prices 1999-2012 ($/kft³)
Figure 4.26 US Residential Consumer, Commercial Consumer, Industrial Consumer & Electric Power Producers Natural Gas Prices 2001-2011 ($/kft³)
Figure 4.27 Map of Canadian LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.28 The European LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.29 The European LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.30 European LNG Exports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.31 European LNG Imports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.32 Map of Western European LNG Export & Import Terminals 2010 (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.33 Map of Central & Eastern Europe LNG Export & Import Terminals 2010 (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.34 The Latin American & Caribbean LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.35 The Latin American & Caribbean LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.36 Latin American & Caribbean LNG Imports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.37 Peru, Trinidad & Tobago LNG Exports in 2010 (BCM)
Figure 4.38 Map of Latin American & Caribbean LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.39 Map of Mexican LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.40 The Middle Eastern LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.41 The Middle Eastern LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.42 Middle Eastern LNG Exports in 2010 by Country (BCM)
Figure 4.43 Kuwait & The UAE LNG Imports in 2010 (BCM)
Figure 4.44 Map of Middle Eastern LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 4.45 The Eurasian LNG Market Share Forecast 2012, 2017 and 2022 (% Share)
Figure 4.46 The Eurasian LNG Market Forecast 2012-2022 ($bn)
Figure 4.47 Map of Eurasian LNG Terminals (Existing, Proposed, Under Construction)
Figure 5.1 Estimated Levelised Cost of Building & Operating Electricity Generating Power Plants for 2016 ($/MWh)
Figure 5.2 Carbon Dioxide Emissions; Natural Gas, Oil and Coal (lbs/billion Btu)
Figure 5.3 Gas Price Differential in US, Europe and Japan 1991-2012 ($/Mmbtu)
Figure 5.4 West Texas Crude Oil Price Vs Henry Hub Spot Gas Price 1993-2011 ($/bbl & $/kft3)
Figure 5.5 Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price 1997-2012 ($/MMBTU)
Figure 5.6 Percentage of Natural Gas Vehicles by Country (%)
Figure 6.1 Number of LNG Vessels by Type of Insulation 2011 (Units)
Figure 6.2 Benchmark Crude Oil Prices & Bunker Fuel Price 2007-2011 ($/Tonne &$/bbl)
Figure 7.1 Höegh LNG Shuttle Vessel & FSRU in Operation
Figure 9.1 Global LNG Liquefaction & Regasification Capacity 2012, 2017, 2022 (MTPA, % of Gas Trade)

COMPANIES LISTED

'K' Line LNG Shipping Ltd.
'K' Line Ship Management Co. Ltd.
4Gas
ABB
Abu Dhabi Gas Liquefaction Company (ADGAS)
Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC)
Adani Gas
AES Corporation
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (APCI)
Aker Solutions
Alltech Group
Alpha Tankers
Altamira LNG
Anadarko Petroleum
Angelicoussis Shipping Group Limited
AP Moller-Maersk AS
Apache Canada Ltd.
Apache Corporation
Arrow Energy
Arup
Avner Oil Exploration
Awilco LNG
Axens
Backhardt Compression
Barclays
BC LNG Export Cooperative LLC.
Bechtel
BG Group
BG Italia SpA
BG LNG
Bharat Petro Resources Ltd (BPRL)
BHP Billiton
Black & Veatch Corporation
Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corporation
BP
BP Shipping
Brindisi LNG SpA
Bunkerworld
BW Gas
BW Offshore Group
Calais LNG Project Co., LLC
Calor Gas
Cameron LNG
Canaport LNG
Canvey Island LNG
Cardiff Marine Inc.
Caribbean LNG
Centrica Plc.
Ceres LNG Services
Chemtex Global
Cheniere Energy Partners, L.P.
Cheniere Energy, Inc.
Chesapeake Energy
Chevron Corporation
Chevron Shipping
Chicago Bridge and Iron Company (CB&I)
China LNG Shipping
China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec)
Chita LNG
Chiyoda Corporation
Chubu Electric Power Company
Chugoku Electric Power
Citigroup
Compania Nacional de Petroleos de Guinea Ecuatorial (GEPetrol)
Complejo GNL del Este
ConocoPhillips Company
Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile (Codelco)
Corpus Christi LNG
Cosmo Oil
Cove Energy
Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME)
Delek Drilling
Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
Dhamra Port Company
Distrigas
Dominion Corporation
Dragon LNG
DSME E&R
Dubai Supply Authority (DUSUP)
Dunkirk LNG
Dynagas
E.ON Ruhrgas AG
EDF Energy
Edison
Edoardo Raffinerie Garrone
Egegaz LNG
Egyptian General Petroleum Company (EGPC)
Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS)
Egyptian Operating Company for Natural Gas Liquefaction Projects (Opco)
Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline Company
El Beheira Natural Gas Liquefaction Company
El Paso Corporation
EMP Energi
EMP Energi Indonesia
Empresa Nacional del Petroleo (ENAP)
Enagas
Enarsa Energia
Enbridge Inc.
Encana Corporation
Endesa
Endesa Europa SL
Enel
Energia Costa Azul
Energy Projects Development LLC.
ENH
Eni S.p.A.
EOG Resources Canada Inc.
Equatorial Guinea LNG Company
Essar Group
Esso Highland Limited
Excelerate Energy LLC
Exmar
ExxonMobil Corporation
Fearnley Fonds
Fearnley LNG
Finetec
Flex LNG Ltd
Fluor Corporation
Fluxys LNG
Fort Chicago Energy Partners, L.P.
Fort Reliance
Foster Wheeler
Franklin Fibre-Lamitex Corporation
Freeport LNG
Friulia
Galp Energia
Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL)
Gas Natural Fenosa
GasLog Ltd.
Gaz Métro
Gaz Transport
Gazprom
Gazprom Global LNG
GDF Suez
GE Oil & Gas
General Electric Group
Geoplin d.o.o. Ljubljana
GEPetrol
GNL Italia SpA
GNL Mejillones
GNL Quintero
Golar LNG
Golar Offshore Toscana Ltd.
Golden Pass LNG
Goldman Sachs
GS Caltex
Guangdong Dapeng LNG Company
Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC)
Gulf Coast LNG Partners, L.P.
Gulf LNG Energy LLC
GVK Power
Hainan Natural Gas Co Ltd.
Hazira LNG
Hess Corporation
Hiroshima Gas
Höegh LNG AS
Hokkaido Gas Corporation
Hoover Group
Howden
Hundong Zhonghua
Hunt Oil Company
Hunt Oil Peru
Hydrocarbons Valorisation Company
Hyproc Shipping Company
Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI)
Hyundai Mipo
Hyundai Samho
Idku Natural Gas Liquefaction Company
IFP Energies Nouvelles
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL)
Inpex Browse Ltd
Inpex Corporation
Inpex Masela
Inter Oil
Intertek LNG Services
Iren Energia
Iride Mercato
Isramco Oil & Gas Production
Itochu Corporation
Iwatani Corporation
J.P. Morgan
Jacobs Engineering Group Inc.
Japan Far East Gas Co., Ltd.
JGC Corporation
Jiangsu Guoxin Investment Group Ltd
JKC Ichthys LNG
John Holland
Jordan Cove Energy Project L.P.
JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
Kagoshima Gas
Kansai Electric
KBR
Kitakyushu LNG
Kitimat LNG
KOLNG
Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS)
Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company
Kyushu Electric Power
Kyushu Oil & Gas
Linde Engineering
Liquefied Natural Gas Ltd
LNG Japan Corporation
LNG MedGas
LNG Partners LLC
LNG Shipping S.p.A.
Lydall
Macquaire Group Ltd.
Maple Energy
Maran Gas Maritime Inc.
Marathon Oil Corporation
Marubeni Corporation
Medco Energi International Tbk.
Merryweather Foam Inc.
Mineral Resource Development Corporation
MISC Berhad
MISC LNG
Mitsubishi Corporation
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation (MCO)
Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL)
Mitsui Oil Exploration
Mizushima LNG
Moss Rosenberg
Mott Macdonald
Mubadala Oil & Gas
Mustang Engineering
National Iranian Gas Export Company (NIGEC)
National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC)
National Oil Company of Equatorial Guinea
National Petroleum Company PNG
Natural Gas Pipelines Company
Neptune LNG LLC
Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Company (NLNG)
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)
Nippon Oil
Nippon Steel
Noble Energy
Northern Star
Novatek
Oil Search
Oita LNG
Okinawa Electric Power
OLT Energy Toscana
Oman Liquefied Natural Gas Company (OLNGC)
OMV Gas
Oregon LNG
Origin Energy
Osaka Gas Company
Pacific Oil & Gas Holding
Pacific Rubiales Energy
Pacific Stratus Energy Colombia
Pacor Inc.
Parker Instrumentation
Partex Oil and Gas
Pechora LNG LLC
Pegaz S.A.
PetroChina
Petróleo Brasileiro (Petrobras)
Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA)
Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)
Petroleum Corporation of Jamaican
Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas)
Petromin
Petromin PNG Holdings
Petronet LNG Ltd.
Pittsburgh Corning
Pohang Iron and Steel Company (POSCO)
Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG)
Polskie LNG
Port Dolphin LLC.
Port Meridian Energy Ltd.
Poten & Partners
Pronav
PT Nusantara Regas
PT Pertamina
PT Perusahaan Gas Negara
Qalhat LNG
Qatar Petroleum
Qatar Terminal Ltd.
QatarGas
QatarGas Transportation Company Ltd. (Nakilat)
Queensland Curtis LNG (QCL)
Queensland Gas Company Ltd
Rabaska LNG
RasGas
Ratnagiri Gas and Power Private limited (RGPPL)
Regasificadora del Noroeste SA
Repsol
Repsol YPF
Royal Dutch Shell
RWE AG
Sabine Pass LNG
Saibu Gas Co. Ltd.
Sakai LNG
Sakhalin LNG
Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI)
Santos Ltd.
Seibu Gas
Sempra Energy
Sendai Gas
Sevmorneftegaz
Sevmorput Shipyard
Shell Australia
Shell Canada
Shell India
Shell Trading and Shipping
Shell Upstream Overseas Services
Shenergy Group
Shikoku Electric Power
Shimizu LNG
Shizuoka Gas
Shtokman Development Company
Singapore LNG Corporation Pte Ltd
Sino Gas & Energy
SK Energy Corporation
SK Shipping
SNC Lavalin
Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures (SNH)
Sonangol
Sonatrach
Sorgenia
South Gas Company
Southern LNG
Southern Union
Sovcomflot
Spanish Egyptian Gas Company (SEGAS)
Spectra Energy Corporation
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR)
Statoil ASA
StenaBulk
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding
STX Pan Ocean
Technifab
Technigaz
Technip
Teekay Corporation
Teekay LNG Partners
Terminale GNL Adriatico Srl
Thenamaris
Thermax Inc.
Thiess
Tianjin Gas Group Co.
Toho Gas
Tohoku Electric Power
Tojeiro Group
Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)
Tokyo Gas Company
Total
Total E&P Australia
Tractebel Engineering
Transpetro
Turkish Petroleum Corporation
UBS
Union Fenosa
Union Fenosa Gas
Unocal
Veresen Inc.
V-Ships
Vyborg Shipyard
WestPac LNG Corporation
Woodside
WorleyParsons
WorleyParsons Services Pty Ltd.
Yemen LNG Company
Zachry Corporation

GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND OTHER ORGANISATIONS MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT

Administración Nacional de Combustibles, Alcohol y Portland (ANCAP)
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
Bureau Veritas (BV)
California Energy Commission
California State Lands Commission
Chinese National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (Australia)
Energy Information Administration
European Commission
European Union (EU)
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF)
Haisla Nation
International Association of Natural Gas Vehicles
International Energy Agency (IEA)
Japan Gas Association
Lloyd's Register Group (LR)
Ministry of Oil (Iraq)
National Energy Board (Canada)
Natural Gas Vehicle Journal
Natural Gas Vehicles America (NGVA)
NGV Communications Group
US Department of Energy
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The Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2012-2022
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