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Mali - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

September 2020 | 99 pages | ID: M0BA34C00370EN
BuddeComm

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Mali's telecom regulator cites for irregularities

Mali has endured a number of challenges contributing to the poor state of its telecom infrastructure. The country's topography includes large tracks of sparsely populated desert, with many settlements being hard to reach and so rendering it difficult and expensive to service with effective fixed or mobile networks. Security issues have also been a concern, leading to delays in building the national backbone network. Following a coup in 2012 large areas in the north of the country were taken over by Islamic militants. The coup of September 2020 has raised concerns that political mismanagement may result in more areas of the country being ungovernable.

Compounding these difficulties is the fact that underinvestment in fixed-line networks has meant that telecom infrastructure is barely adequate to serve consumer needs in most towns and is largely absent in most areas of the country. In addition, a combination of poverty, high illiteracy and low PC use has led to a very low take-up of fixed-line internet services. In common with many other countries in the region, Mali has taken to mobile networks for voice and data services. Mobile networks account for about 99.8% of all telecom connections.

Orange Mali entered the market as the second mobile and fixed-line operator in 2003 and soon became the dominant provider. The duopoly with the national telco, Sotelma, continued until late 2017 when Alpha Telecom (after much delay) launched mobile services. A fourth mobile licence was secured by Mobilis, owned by Alg?rie T?l?com, at the end of 2019.

Mali's landlocked location makes it dependent on neighbouring countries for international bandwidth, which has kept prices high. Improvements in this sector can be expected from the recent arrival of several new international submarine cables in the region, while Orange Group has also been engaged in building a terrestrial network linking the capital cities of eight countries in the region, including Bamako.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:
  • Telecom regulator cited for financial irregularities;
  • Government agrees loan to fund the Mali Num?rique 2020' fibre network project;
  • Huawei granted extension to complete the national fibre backbone network;
  • G5 Sahel countries adopt free mobile roaming measures;
  • Sotelma begins project to upgrade its network infrastructure;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data for 2017, ITU data updates, telcos' operating data to Q2 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of Covid-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.
Companies mentioned in this report:

Soci?t? des T?l?communications du Mali (Sotelma, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi), Orange Mali (Ikatel, Orange Group), Monaco Telecom, Planor Afrique, Afribone, CEFIB, Datatech
1 KEY STATISTICS

2 REGIONAL AFRICA MARKET COMPARISON

2.1 TMI vs GDP
2.2 Mobile and mobile broadband
2.3 Fixed and mobile broadband

3 COUNTRY OVERVIEW

4 COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TELECOM SECTOR

4.1 Economic considerations and responses
4.2 Mobile devices
4.3 Subscribers
4.4 Infrastructure

5 TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

5.1 Historical overview

6 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

6.1 Regulatory authority
6.2 Fixed network developments
6.3 Mobile network developments

7 MOBILE MARKET

7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Mobile statistics
7.3 Mobile infrastructure
7.4 Mobile data
7.5 Mobile broadband
7.6 Major mobile operators
7.7 Mobile content and applications

8 FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies

9 DIGITAL ECONOMY

9.1 e-health

10 FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS

10.1 Sotelma
10.2 Orange Mali

11 TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

11.1 Overview of the national telecom network
11.2 International infrastructure

12 APPENDIX HISTORIC DATA

13 GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

14 RELATED REPORTS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Mali 2020 (e)
Table 2 Development of telecom market investment 2010 2018
Table 3 Telcom market investments by operator 2010 2017
Table 4 Development of telecom market revenue by sector 2010 2017
Table 5 Development of telecom market investment by operator 2010 2017
Table 6 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 7 Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2010 2017
Table 8 SMS traffic 2006 2017
Table 9 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 10 Change in the number of Malitel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 11 Change in the number of Orange Mali's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 12 Development of Orange Mali's revenue ( million) 2010 2020
Table 13 Development of Orange Mali's revenue (CFA) 2010 2017
Table 14 Increase in internet bandwidth by operator 2009 2017
Table 15 Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2010 2020
Table 16 Change in the number of fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2011 2017
Table 17 Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 2018
Table 18 Development of Sotelma's revenue 2010 2017
Table 19 Growth in the number of Sotelma's fixed lines 2010 2020
Table 20 Change in the number of Orange Mali's fixed lines 2010 2017
Table 21 Change in the number of fixed-lines in service and teledensity 2010 2025
Table 22 Increase in international bandwidth 2010 2017
Table 23 Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Mali 1999 2009
Table 24 Historic - Internet bandwidth by operator 2009 2014
Table 25 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Mali 1999 2009
Table 26 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali 2000 2009
Table 27 Historic - Telcom market investments 2005 2009
Table 28 Historic - Orange Mali mobile subscribers 2005 2009
Table 29 Historic - Orange Mali revenue () 2007 2009
Table 30 Historic - Orange Mali ARPU 2014 2016
Table 31 Historic - Orange Mali broadband fixed-internet subscribers 2008 2016
Table 32 Historic - Malitel mobile subscribers 2005 2009
Table 33 Historic - Malitel mobile revenue 2011 2014
Table 34 Historic - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2005 2009
Table 35 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Mali 2010 2015
Table 36 Historic - Fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2006 2009
Table 37 Historic - Sotelma internet subscribers 2008 2009
Table 38 Historic - DSL subscribers 2006 2009
Table 39 Historic - International bandwidth 2001 2009
Table 40 Historic - Telcom market revenue by sector 2001 2009
Table 41 Historic - Sotelma revenue 2005 2009
Table 42 Historic - Sotelma fixed-line statistics 2005 2009
Table 43 Historic - Orange Mali fixed-line statistics 2005 2009
Table 44 Telcom market investments by operator 2006 2009
Table 45 Historic - Orange Mali revenue (CFA) 2005 2009
Chart 1 Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 2 West Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 3 Africa Middle-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Challengers)
Chart 4 West Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 5 West Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 7 Development of telecom market investment 2010 2018
Chart 8 Telcom market investments by operator 2006 2017
Chart 9 Development of telecom market revenue by sector 2010 2017
Chart 10 Development of telecom market investment by operator 2010 2017
Chart 11 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 12 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 13 Change in the number of Malitel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 14 Change in the number of Orange Mali's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 15 Development of Orange Mali's revenue ( million) 2010 2020
Chart 16 Development of Orange Mali's revenue (CFA) 2010 2017
Chart 17 Increase in internet bandwidth by operator 2009 2017
Chart 18 Growth in the number of Sotelma's internet subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 19 Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 2018
Chart 20 Development of Sotelma's revenue 2010 2017
Chart 21 Growth in the number of Sotelma's fixed lines 2010 2020
Chart 22 Change in the number of Orange Mali's fixed lines 2010 2017
Chart 23 Change in the number of fixed-lines in service and teledensity 2010 2025
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 West Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 3 Map of Mali


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