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India - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

July 2020 | 168 pages | ID: I5643A66807EN
BuddeComm

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The India - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses report includes all BuddeComm research data and analysis on this country. Covering trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet, broadband, infrastructure and regulation.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

India’s stressed mobile sector gains investor interest

The mobile market continues to be the main focus of India’s telecom sector, securing the bulk of operator capex. There is also considerable government investment in national infrastructure, including the BharatNet project which aims to connect 250,000 villages to broadband networks, of which 100,000 are expected to be connected with FttP services by the end of 2020.

Although there is continuing major expansion of operator network infrastructure, the main MNOs have been under financial stress caused by competitive pressure on pricing as well as the high Adjusted Gross Revenue charges. This has obliged the operators to raise revenue from outside investors, while Vodafone Idea has had to be bailed out by its two main shareholders to avoid bankruptcy. By mid-2020 the huge investments made by a number of private equity funds, as well as global operators including Facebook and Google, had dramatically demonstrated confidence in the world’s second largest market.

The recent financial difficulties of the main MNOs caused the government to delay the multi-spectrum auction, which is now expected to be held by late 2020. This will have knock-on effects on the availability and reach of 5G services in coming years. Compounding difficulties for the MNOs is government disapproval of the MNOs relying too heavily on Chinese vendors, a result of recent political disagreements exacerbated by border disputes in the far north.

India’s fixed-line and fixed broadband sectors remain highly under-developed, largely due to the dominance of the mobile platform and the relatively limited extent of fixed infrastructure.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key Developments
  • India takes additional steps towards the delayed 5G spectrum auction;
  • BSNL partners with Ciena to trial 5G;
  • Submarine cable linking mainland to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands expected to be completed by end-2020;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to March 2020, telcos’ operating and financial results to Q1 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.
Key companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Vodafone Idea, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL), Spectra, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Sistema
1 KEY STATISTICS

2 REGIONAL ASIAN MARKET COMPARISON

3 COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TELECOM SECTOR

3.1 Economic considerations and responses
3.2 Mobile devices
3.3 Subscribers
3.4 Infrastructure

4 TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

4.1 Market analysis

5 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.3 Fixed-line developments
5.4 Mobile network developments

6 MOBILE MARKET

6.1 Mobile statistics
6.2 Mobile infrastructure
6.3 Major mobile operators
6.4 Mobile content and applications

7 FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET

7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Broadband statistics
7.3 Fixed broadband ISPs
7.4 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
7.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.6 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
7.7 Other fixed broadband services

8 DIGITAL ECONOMY

8.1 Overview
8.2 e-Payments
8.3 e-Education
8.4 Smart meters

9 FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS

9.1 BSNL
9.2 Bharti Airtel
9.3 MTNL
9.4 Quadrant
9.5 Reliance Communications
9.6 TATA Teleservices
9.7 Videocon
9.8 Vodafone Idea

10 TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

10.1 Overview of the national telecom network
10.2 Rural and regional networks
10.3 BharatNet / National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)
10.4 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
10.5 International infrastructure
10.6 Data Centres
10.7 Smart infrastructure

11 GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

12 RELATED REPORTS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities India 2020 (e)
Table 2 Cumulative mobile number portings 2012 - 2020
Table 3 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 4 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers in urban and rural areas 2011 2020
Table 5 Change in mobile penetration in urban and rural areas 2010 2020
Table 6 Decline in mobile ARPU (contract, prepaid, blended) 2017 2019
Table 7 Change in mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) 2014 2018
Table 8 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers, penetration 2011 - 2025
Table 9 Change in the mobile market share of subscribers (major MNOs) 2010 - 2020
Table 10 Growth in the number of BSNL's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 11 Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 12 Change in Bharti Airtel's mobile ARPU 2009 2020
Table 13 Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 14 Change in Vodafone Idea mobile ARPU 2007 2011; 2013 2020
Table 15 Change in the number of MTNL's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 16 Change in the number of RCOM's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 17 Growth in the number of Reliance Jio's mobile subscribers 2016 2020
Table 18 Reliance mobile ARPU 2017 - 2019
Table 19 Decline in the number of Tata Teleservices' mobile subscribers 2010 2018
Table 20 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 21 Development of internet penetration 2008 2020
Table 22 Growth in the number of cable modem subscribers 2010 2017
Table 23 Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2010 2017
Table 24 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2010 2017
Table 25 Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator 2012 2014; 2016 2020
Table 26 Market share of fixed-lines in service by main provider 2013 - 2020
Table 27 Decline in the number of BSNL's fixed-line subscribers 2012 2020
Table 28 Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's fixed-line subscribers 2008 2020
Table 29 Decline in the number of MTNL's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Table 30 Change in the number of Quadrant's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Table 31 Decline in the number of Reliance's fixed-line subscribers 2010 - 2020
Table 32 Growth in the number of Tata's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Table 33 Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's fixed-line subscribers 2011 2020
Table 34 Development of Vodafone Idea's financial data 2018 2020
Table 35 Change in the number of fixed-line subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 36 Decline in the number of PCOs in operation 2008 2019
Table 37 - Growth in international internet bandwidth 2010 2018
Table 38 Historic - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) 2002 2018
Table 39 Historic - Vodafone Idea - mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 40 Historic - Vodafone - mobile ARPU 2008 2018
Table 41 Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers 2002 2018
Table 42 Historic - Reliance mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 43 Historic - MTNL mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 44 Historic - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 45 Historic - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 46 Historic - BSNL mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 47 Historic - MTNL mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 48 Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers 2010 2017
Table 49 Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU 2005 2009
Table 50 Historic - Quadrant mobile subscribers 2012 2017
Table 51 Historic - Sistema mobile subscribers 2008 2017
Table 52 Historic - Telenor mobile subscribers 2009 - 2017
Table 53 Historic - Aircel mobile subscribers 2004 2018
Table 54 Historic - Reliance mobile ARPU 2007 2017
Table 55 Historic - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) 2005 2013
Table 56 Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type 2014
Table 57 Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers 2007 2012
Table 58 - Historic - International internet bandwidth 2000 2009
Table 59 Historic - Number of licensed ISPs 2002 2003; 2005; 2008 2013
Table 60 Historic - Cable modem subscribers 2001 2009
Table 61 Historic - DSL subscribers 2001 2009
Table 62 Historic - Reliance fixed-line subscribers 2005 - 2009
Table 63 Historic - Sistema fixed-line subscribers 2010 2017
Table 64 Historic - Videocon mobile subscribers 2010 2015
Table 65 Historic - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity 1995 2005
Chart 1 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 3 Telecoms Maturity Index Central Asia
Chart 4 Cumulative mobile number portings 2012 - 2020
Chart 5 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 6 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers in urban and rural areas 2011 2020
Chart 7 Change in mobile penetration in urban and rural areas 2010 2020
Chart 8 Decline in mobile penetration in urban and rural areas 2017 2019
Chart 9 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 - 2025
Chart 10 Change in the mobile market share of subscribers (major MNOs) 2010 - 2020
Chart 11 Growth in the number of BSNL's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 12 Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 13 Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 14 Change in Vodafone Idea mobile ARPU 2007 2011; 2013 2020
Chart 15 Growth in the number of MTNL's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 16 Change in the number of RCOM's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 17 Growth in the number of Reliance Jio's mobile subscribers 2016 2020
Chart 18 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 19 Development of internet penetration 2008 2020
Chart 20 Decline in the number of BSNL's fixed-line subscribers 2012 2020
Chart 21 Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's fixed-line subscribers 2008 2020
Chart 22 Decline in the number of MTNL's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 23 Change in the number of Quadrant's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 24 Decline in the number of Reliance's fixed-line subscribers 2010 - 2020
Chart 25 Growth in the number of Tata's fixed-line subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 26 Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's fixed-line subscribers 2011 2020
Chart 27 - Change in the number of fixed-line subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 28 - Decline in the number of PCOs in operation 2008 2018
Exhibit 1 Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 3 Spectrum auction results - 2016
Exhibit 4 CDMA 3G commercial deployments in India
Exhibit 5 Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel
Exhibit 6 International submarine cable systems with landing points in India
Exhibit 7 ISRO satellite network


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