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Finland - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

February 2021 | 222 pages | ID: F09635ED7D1FEN
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Finland issues private 5G licenses

Finland's telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with operators having been at the forefront in deploying technologies and with the regulator being among the first to auction spectrum for 5G use. These efforts have been supported by the government which is working towards its target of providing a broadband service of at least 100Mb/s by 2025. 5G services were available to more than 40% of the population by early 2021, and take-up among subscribers has been strong although most will remain with LTE in the short term.

The country enjoys one of the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region, with customers able to make use of the latest iterations of technologies including DOCSIS3.1, LTE-A, 5G, and GPON fibre infrastructure.

Just as Finland was in the forefront of LTE developments in Europe, so has it emerged as one of the pioneers in 5G. The auction of spectrum in the 700MHz and 3.5GHh bands has enabled network operators to extend the availability of LTE services nationally and to prepare for 5G services. Spectrum in the 2.5GHz band was auctioned in mid-2020 and has since enabled the MNOs to widen their 5G footprint considerably.

The high broadband penetration has been the result of astute regulatory measures which have encouraged market competition. Companies have also been keen to invest in new technologies in a bid to address demand for improved services among customers. The incumbent telco Telia remains the dominant player in the DSL sector, but there is an ongoing shift away from DSL to fibre and mobile networks.

This report assesses key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector together with an overview of important regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The report also profiles the major operators and assesses the state of telecoms infrastructure and services. In addition, the report provides statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including key regulatory issues, a snapshot of the consumer market, the growth of mobile data services and the development of emerging technologies and networks such as HSPA, LTE and 5G. The fixed and wireless broadband markets are also covered, together with developments in related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite.

Key developments:
  • Revised Act on Electronic Communications Services come into force;
  • Elisa and Nokia achieve 8Gb/s data rates on a commercial 5G network;
  • Fixed-voice subscriptions continue to fall;
  • Auction for 26GHz spectrum concluded;
  • DNA upgrades core and regional networks for 5G services, launches 1Gb/s broadband service;
  • Government increases universal broadband data rate to 5Mb/s;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data update to June 2020, telcos' financial and operating data to Q4 2020, recent market developments.
Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, Digita
1 KEY STATISTICS

2 REGIONAL EUROPEAN MARKET COMPARISON

2.1 Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
2.2 TMI versus GDP
2.3 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
2.4 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

3 COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TELECOM SECTOR

3.1 Economic considerations and responses
3.2 Mobile devices
3.3 Subscribers
3.4 Infrastructure

4 TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis

5 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

5.1 Historic overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.3 Revised Telecommunications Act 2021
5.4 Fixed-line developments
5.5 Mobile network developments

6 MOBILE MARKET

6.1 Market analysis
6.2 Mobile statistics
6.3 Major mobile operators

7 FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET

7.1 Introduction and statistical overview
7.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
7.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
7.5 Other fixed broadband services

8 FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS

8.1 Telia Finland
8.2 Finnet Group
8.3 DNA
8.4 Elisa Corporation
8.5 TDC Finland
8.6 Tele2

9 TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

9.1 Overview of the national telecom network
9.2 Next Generation Networks
9.3 International infrastructure
9.4 Smart metering
9.5 Data centres

10 APPENDIX HISTORIC DATA

11 GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

12 RELATED REPORTS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Finland 2020 (e)
Table 2 Development of telecom revenue by sector 2009 2019
Table 3 Change in market share of telecom revenue by operator 2012 2019
Table 4 Development of retail and wholesale telecom revenue 2009 2019
Table 5 Telecom investment by sector 2011 2019
Table 6 Average median LLU access pricing - copper () 2010 2020
Table 7 Average median LLU access pricing - fibre pair () 2010 2020
Table 8 Development of MTRs by operator 2010 2020
Table 9 Growth in the proportion of mobile revenue to total telecom revenue 2010 2019
Table 10 Development of mobile network revenue 2010 2019
Table 11 Change in mobile network tangible investment 2011 2019
Table 12 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 13 Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks 2010 2020
Table 14 Change in average mobile ARPU 2010 2019
Table 15 Prepaid subscribers and proportion to total 2011 2020
Table 16 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Table 17 Growth in mobile data traffic 2010 2020
Table 18 Mobile data subscriptions by type 2011 2020
Table 19 Proportion of mobile data subscriptions by speed (Mb/s) 2014 2020
Table 20 Decline in SMS traffic and annual change 2010 2020
Table 21 Change in MMS traffic and annual change 2010 2020
Table 22 Growth in the number of broadband mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 23 Growth in the number of M2M connections 2012 2020
Table 24 Development of Telia Finland's mobile service revenue 2010 2020
Table 25 Development of Telia Finland's blended ARPU 2009 2020
Table 26 Change in the number of Telia Finland's mobile subscribers 2008 2020
Table 27 DNA annualised postpaid monthly ARPU 2010 2020
Table 28 Change in the number of DNA's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 29 Growth in DNA's mobile revenue, by type 2013 2019
Table 30 Development of DNA's mobile revenue (new style) 2019 2020
Table 31 Growth in DNA's mobile data traffic 2011 2019
Table 32 Change in Elisa Group's revenue 2010 2020
Table 33 Change in the number of Elisa's mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia 2010 - 2020
Table 34 Change in Elisa's mobile churn and proportion of data revenue 2008 2020
Table 35 Development of Elisa's mobile voice, SMS and data traffic 2008 2020
Table 36 Change in Elisa's annualised ARPU 2008 2020
Table 37 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 38 Change in fixed broadband subscriber base by platform 2009 2020
Table 39 Change in fixed broadband connections by data rate 2009 2020
Table 40 Market share of broadband connections by data rate 2010 - 2020
Table 41 Change in broadband market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Table 42 Growth in the number of DNA's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Table 43 Growth in the number of Elisa's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Table 44 Change in the number of Telia Finland's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Table 45 Decline in Telia Finland's broadband ARPU 2010 2020
Table 46 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2009 2020
Table 47 Fixed-line operators' market share of subscribers 2009 2020
Table 48 Decline in fixed-line traffic 2009 2020
Table 49 Development of Telia Finland's revenue, EBITDA 2012 2020
Table 50 Development of Telia Finland's mobile and broadband revenue 2009 2020
Table 51 Change in the number of Telia Finland's fixed subscribers by sector 2009 2020
Table 52 Development of DNA's financial data 2008 2020
Table 53 DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) 2008 2020
Table 54 Change in the number of DNA's subscribers by sector 2010 2020
Table 55 Change in the number of Elisa's fixed subscribers by platform 2009 2020
Table 56 Growth in Elisa Group's revenue by sector 2009 2020
Table 57 Development of Elisa Group's financial data 2008 2020
Table 58 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Table 59 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995; 1997; 1999 2009
Table 60 Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue 1998 2009
Table 61 Historic - SMS messages sent and annual change 1999 2009
Table 62 Historic - Telia Finland mobile financial data 2005 2009
Table 63 Historic - Telia Finland blended ARPU 2003 2009
Table 64 Historic - Telia Finland mobile subscribers 2002 2009
Table 65 Historic - DNA annualised postpaid monthly ARPU 2007 2009
Table 66 Historic - DNA mobile subscribers 2007 2009
Table 67 Historic - Elisa mobile financial data 2004 2009
Table 68 Historic - Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia 2004 - 2009
Table 69 Historic - Elisa annualised ARPU 2008 2009
Table 70 Historic - Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL 2000 2009
Table 71 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2009
Table 72 - Historic Fixed-line termination rate 2005 2009
Table 73 - Historic Telia Finland fixed Broadband subscribers by sector 2004 2009
Table 74 - Historic Growth in Elisa Group mobile revenue 2004 2007
Table 75 - Historic Change in broadband market share of subscribers by operator 2006 2009
Table 76 - Historic Growth in the number of Elisa broadband subscribers 2004 2009
Table 77 - Historic Decline in Telia Finland's broadband ARPU 2006 2009
Table 78 - Historic Change in mobile network revenue 2006 2009
Table 79 - Historic Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks 2006 2009
Table 80 - Historic Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2006 2009
Table 81 - Historic Growth in mobile data traffic 2006 2009
Table 82 - Historic Change in MMS messages traffic, annual change 2003 2009
Table 83 - Historic DNA subscribers by sector 2007 2009
Table 84 - Historic Market share of broadband connections by data rate 2007 - 2009
Table 85 - Historic Growth in the number of DNA's broadband subscribers 2007 2009
Table 86 - Historic Decline in fixed-line traffic 2006 2009
Chart 1 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 4 Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 7 Northern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 11 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 12 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 13 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 14 Development of telecom revenue by sector 2009 2019
Chart 15 Change in market share of telecom revenue by operator 2012 2019
Chart 16 Development of retail and wholesale telecom revenue 2009 2019
Chart 17 Telecom investment by sector 2011 2019
Chart 18 Average median LLU access pricing - copper 2010 2020
Chart 19 Average median LLU access pricing - fibre pair () 2010 2020
Chart 20 Development of MTRs by operator 2010 2020
Chart 21 Growth in the proportion of mobile revenue to total telecom revenue 2010 2019
Chart 22 Development of mobile network revenue 2010 2019
Chart 23 Change in mobile network tangible investment 2011 2019
Chart 24 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 25 Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks 2010 2020
Chart 26 Change in average mobile ARPU 2010 2019
Chart 27 Prepaid subscribers and proportion to total 2011 2020
Chart 28 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Chart 29 Growth in mobile data traffic 2009 2020
Chart 30 Decline in SMS traffic and annual change 2010 2020
Chart 31 Change in MMS traffic and annual change 2010 2020
Chart 32 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers, and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 33 Growth in the number of M2M connections 2012 2020
Chart 34 Development of Telia Finland's mobile service revenue 2010 2020
Chart 35 Development of Telia Finland's blended ARPU 2009 2020
Chart 36 Change in the number of Telia Finland's mobile subscribers 2008 2020
Chart 37 DNA annualised postpaid ARPU 2010 2020
Chart 38 Change in the number of DNA's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 39 Growth in DNA's mobile revenue, by type 2013 2020
Chart 40 Growth in DNA's mobile data traffic 2011 2019
Chart 41 Change in Elisa Group's revenue 2010 2020
Chart 42 Change in the number of Elisa's mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia 2010 - 2020
Chart 43 Development of Elisa's mobile voice, SMS and data traffic 2008 2020
Chart 44 Change in Elisa's annualised ARPU 2008 2020
Chart 45 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 46 Change in fixed broadband subscriber base by platform 2009 2020
Chart 47 Change in fixed broadband connections by data rate 2009 2020
Chart 48 Market share of broadband connections by data rate 2010 - 2020
Chart 49 Change in broadband market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Chart 50 Growth in the number of DNA's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 51 Growth in the number of Elisa's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 52 Change in the number of Telia Finland's broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 53 Decline in Telia Finland's broadband ARPU 2010 2020
Chart 54 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2009 2020
Chart 55 Fixed-line operators' market share of subscribers 2009 2020
Chart 56 Decline in fixed-line traffic 2010 2020
Chart 57 Development of Telia Finland's revenue, EBITDA 2012 2020
Chart 58 Development of Telia Finland's mobile and broadband revenue 2009 2020
Chart 59 Change in the number of Telia Finland's fixed subscribers by sector 2009 2020
Chart 60 Development of DNA's financial data 2008 2020
Chart 61 DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) 2008 2020
Chart 62 Change in the number of DNA's subscribers by sector 2010 2020
Chart 63 Change in the number of Elisa's fixed subscribers by platform 2009 2020
Chart 64 Growth in Elisa Group's revenue by sector 2009 2020
Chart 65 Development of Elisa Group's financial data 2008 2020
Chart 66 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 700MHz auction results 2016
Exhibit 4 2.6GHz auction results 2009
Exhibit 5 3.5GHz auction results October 2018
Exhibit 6 3.5GHz auction results June 2020


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