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Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

July 2020 | 107 pages | ID: B6FCF29FF7CEN
BuddeComm

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The Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses report includes all BuddeComm research data and analysis on this country. Covering trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet, broadband, infrastructure and regulation.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Burkina Faso increase telecom tax to 7%

The telecom sector in Burkina Faso continues to be stymied by slow regulatory procedures and insufficient mobile spectrum, compounded by the poor condition of fixed-line networks which has held back the development of fixed-line internet services and rendered such services among the most expensive globally. Although all three mobile network operators have universal service licenses, only Onatel, majority-owned by Maroc Telecom, also operates a fixed-line network.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000. There has been some fluidity in ownership, with Zain having been acquired by Bharti Airtel before being sold on to Orange Group in 2016. Market penetration remains below the African average but continues to grow steadily.

Onatel’s FasoNet is the country’s leading internet service provider, offering DSL and EV-DO services. Internet penetration is extremely low, exacerbated by the high cost of connectivity despite price cuts introduced since 2011 in the wake of improved international bandwidth via fibre links through adjacent countries. These links provide access to the region’s international submarine cables. Although about 50 ISPs have been licensed, only three compete with FasoNet, and collectively these have fewer than 1,000 subscribers.

As a result of poor fixed-line infrastructure the mobile operators have become significant players in the internet sector, accounting for most connections.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:
  • Revised Finance Law increases telecom tax to 7% of telco revenue;
  • BKF/021 infrastructure project largely completed;
  • Parliament launches inquiry on mobile network infrastructure coverage, pricing of services, and QoS;
  • Main One to increase broadband bandwidth with new PRICAO fibre cable;
  • Government begins computer subsidy program for university students;
  • Burkina Faso joins G5 Sahel countries to eliminate roaming fees;
  • Orange Burkina Faso launches LTE-A services, extends Orange Money services;
  • Government progresses with XOF23.6 billion project to provide metropolitan fibre-optic infrastructure;
  • Report update includes the regulators annual reports and market statistical data to 2019, telcos financial and operating data to Q1 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.
Companies mentioned in this report:

Onatel, Telmob, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Orange Burkina Faso, Moov (Telecel, Etisalat), FasoNet, ZCP, Delgi, Cenatrin, CFAO Technologies, River Telecom, Net Access, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi.
1 KEY STATISTICS

2 REGIONAL AFRICA MARKET COMPARISON

2.1 TMI vs GDP
2.2 Mobile and mobile broadband
2.3 Fixed and mobile broadband

3 COUNTRY OVERVIEW

4 COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TELECOM SECTOR

4.1 Economic considerations and responses
4.2 Mobile devices
4.3 Subscribers
4.4 Infrastructure

5 TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

5.1 Market analysis

6 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

6.1 Regulatory authority
6.2 Fixed-line developments
6.3 Mobile network developments

7 MOBILE MARKET

7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Major mobile operators
7.3 Mobile infrastructure
7.4 Mobile content and applications

8 FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.3 Public Internet access locations
8.4 Computer program
8.5 ISP market
8.6 Fixed-line broadband technologies
8.7 Other fixed broadband services

9 DIGITAL ECONOMY

9.1 E-government
9.2 E-education

10 FIXED-NETWORK OPERATORS

10.1 Onatel

11 TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

11.1 Overview of the national telecom network
11.2 International infrastructure

12 APPENDIX HISTORIC DATA

13 GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

14 RELATED REPORTS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Burkina Faso 2020 (e)
Table 2 Development of ICT parameters by service 2010 2020
Table 3 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 4 Change in the market share of subscribers by mobile operator 2011 2019
Table 5 Development of mobile market revenue, investment 2013 2019
Table 6 Growth in SMS traffic 2011 2019
Table 7 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers 2011 2025
Table 8 Change in the number of mobile internet subscribers by operator 2011 2019
Table 9 Change in the market share of mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2017 2019
Table 10 Growth in the number of Orange Burkina Faso's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 11 Development of Orange Burkina Faso's financial data 2016 2020
Table 12 Growth in the number of Onatel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 13 Decline in the number of Telecel's mobile subscribers 2017 2019
Table 14 Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2010 2019
Table 15 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2016 2019
Table 16 Change in the number of public telecentres 2009 2019
Table 17 Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2010 2019
Table 18 Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Table 19 Change in the number of Onatel's subscribers by service 2010 2020
Table 20 Development of fixed-line market revenue, investment 2013 2019
Table 21 Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service and teledensity 2010 2020
Table 22 Change in the number of CDMA subscribers 2015 2019
Table 23 Increase in Burkina Fasos international internet bandwidth 2010 2019
Table 24 Historic - ICT parameters by service 2004 2009
Table 25 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 1999 2009
Table 26 Historic - SMS traffic 2003 2009
Table 27 Historic - Orange Burkina Faso mobile subscribers 2006 2009
Table 28 Historic - Onatel mobile subscribers 2007 2009
Table 29 Historic - Onatel revenue 2011 2014
Table 30 Historic - Onatel annualised ARPU 2011 2015
Table 31 Historic - Onatel mobile subscribers 2007 2009
Table 32 Historic Telecel mobile subscribers 2007 2010
Table 33 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 2009
Table 34 Historic - Fixed internet subscribers 2006 2009
Table 35 Historic - DSL subscribers 2005 2009
Table 36 Historic - Onatel financial data 2011 2016
Table 37 Historic - Wireless broadband subscribers 2007 2013
Table 38 Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity 1999 2009
Table 39 Historic - CDMA lines in service 2009 2014
Table 40 Historic - Burkina Fasos international internet bandwidth 2002 2009
Chart 1 Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 2 West Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 3 Africa Middle-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Challengers)
Chart 4 West Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 5 West Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 7 Development of ICT parameters by service 2010 2020
Chart 8 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 9 Change in the market share of subscribers by mobile operator 2011 2019
Chart 10 Development of mobile market revenue, investment 2013 2019
Chart 11 Growth in SMS traffic 2011 2019
Chart 12 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers 2011 2025
Chart 13 Change in the market share of mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2017 2019
Chart 14 Growth in the number of Orange Burkina Faso's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 15 Development of Orange Burkina Faso's financial data 2016 2020
Chart 16 Growth in the number of Onatel's mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 17 Change in the number of fixed internet subscribers 2010 2019
Chart 18 Change in the number of DSL's subscribers 2010 2019
Chart 19 Change in the number of Onatel's fixed broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Chart 20 Change in the number of Onatel's subscribers by service 2010 2020
Chart 21 Development of fixed-line market revenue, investment 2013 2019
Chart 22 Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service and teledensity 2010 2020
Chart 23 Increase in Burkina Fasos international internet bandwidth 2010 2019
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 West Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 3 Map of Burkina Faso

Despite fresh investment in Burkina Faso’s telecom sector, new technologies have been slow to take hold. Delays in the development of a 3G service have hobbled the potential of broadband services. Nevertheless, the poor state of fixed-line networks have meant that in recent years the number of fixed-line subscribers has fallen steadily as customers migrate to the limited services available from the three mobile network operators. The fixed-line incumbent Onatel, majority-owned by Maroc Telecom, operates the country’s fixed-line network, a CDMA2000 wireless network, a fibre optic backbone and one of three GSM mobile networks, Telmob.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000 by Celtel/Zain (now Bharti Airtel) and Telecel International (now Moov). Although market penetration remains below the African average, is continues to grow steadily, including a 30% growth in the number of subscribers in 2012 alone.

Onatel’s FasoNet is the country’s leading internet service provider, dominating the broadband market with its ADSL and EV-DO offerings. Penetration rates in this sector are still extremely low and services remain expensive despite some price cuts since 2011. Being landlocked, Burkina Faso for long depended on expensive satellite links for its international bandwidth, though in recent years connectivity has been facilitated by transit fibre links through neighbouring countries which have access to the region’s international fibre optic submarine cables: the four submarine cables which land in Ghana have reduced the cost of international bandwidth. A number of Burkina Faso’s other neighbouring countries also have access to multiple international cables. However, consumers and the country’s entire economy will only benefit from lower broadband prices if Onatel passes these cost savings on to them and also to other ISPs on the wholesale level.

The mobile operators have entered the underdeveloped internet sector by offering mobile data services using GPRS and EDGE technology, but third generation (3G) mobile broadband technology has not yet been introduced except for Onatel’s EV-DO fixed-wireless service. An international tender for a new combined fixed and mobile licence was unsuccessful in 2010, but a much-delayed fourth mobile licence and 3G licences for all operators are expected in 2014, with Viettel emerging as a bidder early in the year.



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