Central Air Conditioning Systems - A US Market Overview

Date: May 22, 2011
Pages: 198
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Publisher: Industry Experts
Report type: Strategic Report
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ID: C7F71141C94EN
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Central Air Conditioning Systems - A US Market Overview
The top 25% of efficient central air conditioning (CAC) models can bear the “ENERGY STAR” label, and, to be eligible, they have to have a minimum SEER level of 14. In addition, the minimum Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) levels for Energy Star® split system models must be 11.5 and for Energy Star® single-package models must be 11.0. Air conditioners bearing the Energy Star® label can be two time more efficient than some existing units. Consumption of energy by the current range of air conditioners is 30%-50% lower than air conditioners of the 1970s for producing the same amount of cooling.

Central Air Conditioning product segments analyzed in this study include Direct Expansion (DX) Central Air Conditioning Systems and Central Plant/Chilled Water Central Air Conditioning Systems (Central Plant AC Systems) also referred as Applied Systems. The report also analyzes the market of the sub-segments of DX Systems – Split AC Systems (greater than 8 kW of cooling capacity), Packaged AC Systems and Heat Pumps; and Central Plant AC Systems – Chillers, Cooling Towers, Air Handling Units and Fan Coil Units.

In terms of unit shipments, Central Air Conditioners in the US are estimated at 4.5 million units in 2010, valued at US$ 9.22 billion. Though unit shipments are forecast to exhibit low CAGR of 1.70% over the 2006-2015 analysis period, shipment value is expected to maintain high CAGR of 5.02% during the same period. This can be attributed to changes in unit prices that vary from year to year, dependent on demand and new technologies. The market for 2011 is expected to touch 4.8 million units valued at US$ 9.7 billion.

The market report includes the complete competitive landscape for CAC market in the United States which comprises market share analysis (2009) for leading market players including Carrier, Goodman, Lennox, McQuay, Nordyne, Rheem, Trane and York. The study analyses these major players with respect to key financials, product listing & analysis, key brands, competitors and production plant locations & capacities. The report also briefly profiles 50 other key market players in the United States.

This 198 page United States market report includes 36 charts (includes a data table and graphical representation for each chart), supported with meaningful and easy to understand graphical presentation, of market numbers. The statistical tables represent the data for the US CAC unit shipments and value of shipments by product segments, sub-segments and by the cooling capacity (Btuh).
1. INTRODUCTION

2. PRODUCT SEGMENTATION

2.1 Central Air Conditioning Systems
  2.1.1 Direct Expansion (DX) Central Air Conditioning Systems
    2.1.1.1 Components of DX Central Air Conditioning Systems
      Evaporator
      Compressor
      Expansion Valve
    2.1.1.2 DX AC Systems Equipment Type
      2.1.1.2.1 Packaged Central Air Conditioning Systems
      2.1.1.2.2 Split System Central Air Conditioning Systems
        Ductless Multi-Split Systems
      2.1.1.2.3 Heat Pumps
        2.1.1.2.3.1 Air Source Heat Pumps
        2.1.1.2.3.2 Ground Source Heat Pumps
        2.1.1.2.3.3 Direct Geoexchange Heat Pumps
        2.1.1.2.3.4 Water Source Heat Pumps
  2.1.2 Central Plant/Chilled Water Central Air Conditioning Systems
    2.1.2.1 Components of Central Plant/Chilled Water Air Conditioning Systems
      2.1.2.1.1 Chillers (Central Plant)
      2.1.2.1.2 Air Handling Units or Fan Coil Units
      2.1.2.1.3 Air Ducts
      2.1.2.1.4 Cooling Tower
    2.1.2.2 Central Plant AC Systems Equipment Types
      2.1.2.2.1 Chillers
        2.1.2.2.1.1 Reciprocating Chillers
        2.1.2.2.1.2 Screw Chillers
        2.1.2.2.1.3 Centrifugal Chillers
        2.1.2.2.1.4 Absorption Chillers
      2.1.2.2.2 Cooling Towers
      2.1.2.2.3 Air Handling Units
        Draw-Through Units
        Blow-Through Units
      2.1.2.2.4 Fan Coil Units
        Horizontal Units
        Vertical Units
        Vertical Stack Units

3. ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS

3.1 Why Is Energy Efficiency Required?
3.2 High-Efficiency Improvements in Air Conditioners
3.3 Benefits of Energy Efficiency
3.4 Cost Comparison of Standard and ENERGY STAR Qualified Central Air Conditioners
3.5 Energy Efficiency Ratings for Air conditioners in the United States of America
  3.5.1 US - ENERGY STAR Program
  3.5.2 Important Definitions
    3.5.2.1 Coefficient of Performance (COP) – Cooling
    3.5.2.2 Coefficient of Performance (COP), Heat Pump – Heating
    3.5.2.3 Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER)
    3.5.2.4 Heat Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF)
    3.5.2.5 Integrated Part-Load Value (IPLV)
    3.5.2.6 Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER)
  3.5.3 Efficiency Ratings for Residential Central Air Conditioning Systems
  3.5.4 Efficiency Ratings for Commercial Central Air Conditioning Systems

4. KEY MARKET TRENDS

4.1 Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Systems Shows Slower Growth in Recent Past
  4.1.1 Descriptive Analysis of UFAD Systems
  4.1.2 Advantages Offered
  4.1.3 Shortcomings
4.2 Global Building Market Adopting “Green Technology”
4.3 Chilled Beams Gaining Ground in the US
  4.3.1 Description of Chilled Beams
  4.3.2 Operational Process
  4.3.3 Advantages of Chilled Beams
  4.3.4 Disadvantages of Chilled Beams
  4.3.5 Cost Factors
4.4 VRF/VRV Systems Lucrative in the US
  4.4.1 Description of VRF Systems
  4.4.2 Advantages of VRF Systems
4.5 Solar Air Conditioning Systems
4.6 Air Conditioners with Non-Ozone Depleting Refrigerants
  4.6.1 Kyoto Protocol
  4.6.2 Phase Out Affect on AC Systems
4.7 Trends and Developments in the Usage of Natural Refrigerants
  4.7.1 Natural Refrigerants
    4.7.1.1 Ammonia (NH3)
    4.7.1.2 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
    4.7.1.3 Hydrocarbons
    4.7.1.4 Water refrigeration Offers Substantial Potential Savings
    4.7.1.5 Fast and Lower Energy costs using Air Refrigeration
4.8 EPA Energy Star Qualified New Homes Program Version 3 to be Effective from January 1, 2012
4.9 R441a Hydrocarbon Refrigerant Debuts in the US
4.10 US DOE to Assist in Developing High-Efficiency Commercial Air Conditioners
4.11 Federal Tax Credits for Consumer Energy Efficiency for the Coming Year Not So Sweet

5. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

5.1 Market Share Analysis for Major Players in the United States
5.2 Major Player Profiles
  5.2.1 CARRIER CORPORATION
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    United Technologies Corporation (Parent)
    Brand Names
    Product Listing
    Product Analysis
    Competitors
    Major Projects
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.2 GOODMAN GLOBAL, INC
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    Trade Names
    Product Listing
    Analysis of Select Products
    Major Competitors
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.3 LENNOX INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Key Figures
    Business Description
    Brand Names
    Product Analysis
    Major Competitors
    Major Projects
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.4 MCQUAY INTERNATIONAL
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    Daikin AC Americas, Inc (Parent)
    Brand Names
    Product Listing
    Product Analysis
    Competitors
    Major Projects
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.5 NORDYNE INC.
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    Nortek Incorporated (Parent)
    Competitors
    Product Listing
    Brands
    Subsidiaries
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.6 RHEEM MANUFACTURING COMPANY
    Key People
    Business Description
    History
    Paloma Co. Ltd. (Parent)
    Brands
    Product Listing
    Brands
    Subsidiaries
    Major Competitors
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.7 TRANE INC.
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    Ingersoll-Rand Plc (Parent)
    Brand Names
    Product Listing
    Product Analysis
    Competitors
    Major Projects
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
  5.2.8 YORK INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Key Figures
    Business Description
    Product Listing
    Product Analysis
    Johnson Controls (Parent)
    Brands
    Major Projects
    Competitors
    Manufacturing Locations and Production Capacity
5.3 Profiles of Other Key Players
  5.3.1 AAON, INC.
    Key Figures
    Key People
    Business Description
    Product Listing
    Major Competitors
    Major Projects
  5.3.2 ADDISON PRODUCTS
    Business Description
    Products
    Competitors
  5.3.3 AEROSYS, INC.
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.4 AIRWELL-FEDDERS NORTH AMERICA, INC
    Business Description
    Brands
    Product Analysis
    Major Competitors
  5.3.5 ALLIED AIR ENTERPRISES
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.6 AIRE-FLO HEATING AND COOLING
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.7 ALLIED ENERGY SYSTEMS
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.8 AMERICAN STANDARD HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.9 BARD MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.
    Business Description
  5.3.10 BROAD USA, INC
    Business Description
  5.3.11 BROAN HEATING AND COOLING (PART OF NORDYNE)
    Business Description
  5.3.12 BRYANT HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS (PART OF CARRIER CORP)
    Business Description
  5.3.13 CALMAC MANUFACTURING CORP.
    Key People
    Business Description
  5.3.14 COAIRE CORPORATION
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.15 COLD POINT CORP.
    Business Description
    Products
    Trade Names
  5.3.16 THE COLEMAN COMPANY, INC
    Business Description
  5.3.17 DADANCO US, INC.
    Business Description
  5.3.18 DUNHAM-BUSH USA
    Business Description
  5.3.19 E-AIR, LLC (COMFORT STAR)
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.20 EDWARDS ENGINEERING PRODUCTS (CHILLER SOLUTIONS LLC)
    Business Profile
    Products
  5.3.21 ENVIROMASTER INTERNATIONAL LLC – USA (EMI) (SUBSIDIARY OF ECR)
    Business Description
    Products
    Brands
  5.3.22 ESPI TECH, LLC.
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.23 EVAPCO, INC.
    Key People
    Business Description
  5.3.24 FRIEDRICH AIR CONDITIONING CO.
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.25 FUJITSU GENERAL AMERICA, INC.
    Business Description
  5.3.26 HALLOWELL INTERNATIONAL
    Business Description
  5.3.27 HITACHI AMERICA, LTD.
    Business Description
  5.3.28 HEAT CONTROLLER, INC.
    Key People
    Business Description
    Products
    Brands
  5.3.29 INNOVAIR CORPORATION
    Key People
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.30 INTERNATIONAL COMFORT PRODUCTS, LLC (ICP) (PART OF CARRIER CORP)
    Key People
    Business Description
    Brands
  5.3.31 KLIMAIRE PRODUCTS, INC.
    Key People
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.32 LG ELECTRONICS U.S.A., INC.
    Key People
    Business Description
  5.3.33 LSB INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Business Description
    Subsidiaries
    Climacool Corp
    Climatemaster Inc
  5.3.34 MAMMOTH, INC.
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.35 MIDEA USA INC.
    Business Description
  5.3.36 MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC & ELECTRONICS USA, INC.
    Business Description
    Products
    Competitors
  5.3.37 MOTIVAIR CORPORATION
    Key People
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.38 MULTISTACK LLC
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.39 NATIONAL COMFORT PRODUCTS
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.40 RAE CORPORATION
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.41 SANYO NORTH AMERICA CORPORATION
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.42 SPX COOLING TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.43 TEXAS FURNACE, LLC
    Business Description
    Products
    Brands
  5.3.44 THOMAS & BETTS CORPORATION
    Key People
    Business Description
  5.3.45 TURBO-AIR INC
    Business Description
  5.3.46 UNICO SYSTEM INC
    Business Description
    Products
  5.3.47 UNITED COOLAIR CORP
    Business Description
  5.3.48 WHIRLPOOL HEATING AND COOLING
    Business Description
  5.3.49 YAZAKI ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC
    Business Description
    Competitors
  5.3.50 YMGI GROUP, LLC
    Business Description
    Products

6. KEY BUSINESS TRENDS

Carrier’s Mexico Factory First HVAC Factory to Receive LEED Gold Certification
“Most Energy-Efficient Heat Pump” Launched by Carrier
Daikin Plans Goodman Global Take Over
Daikin McQuay Research Center Awarded LEED® Gold Certification
Industry’s First Commercial HVAC System to be integrated with Solar Power Launched by Lennox
McQuay Showcases 700-Ton Magnitude Chiller at AHR Show
Automation Platform for Data Centers Launched by GE and Ingersoll Rand
Trane Integrates TR200 Series with Variable Frequency Drive
Trane Launches CenTraVac Centrifugal Chiller
Trane’s New Central Geothermal System Solution with a Single Chiller Option
Products from Daikin Acclaimed with 2011 AHR Expo Innovation Awards
Rheem Showcases New Look for its Brands and Products at the AHR Expo 2011
Johnson Controls Enhances YORK® CYK Chillers’ Flexibility with an Improved Control Center
Johnson Controls in Contract for Expanding Makkah’s Holy Mosque
Dunham-Bush Offers Innovative Ice, Solar and CO2 Products
Carrier’s Charlotte Chiller Operation Assigned Top North American Plant
CO2 Product Conservation Meter Launched by Carrier
Carrier Launches AdvanTE3C Solutions Center
Toshiba Home Appliances Takes Over Residential Air-Conditioning Business in Japan from Toshiba Carrier JV
Midea to Acquire Stake in Carrier’s Egyptian Air-Conditioning Operations
Carrier Corporation Forms Distribution Venture with Russell Sigler
Goodman Global’s ComfortNet™ Introduces Communicating Control System
McQuay International Enhances Distribution of HVAC Systems with HTS in Texas
VAV System for Small to Medium Sized Buildings Launched by McQuay
HydroKool LLC, a Custom HVAC Solutions Company, Acquired by McQuay International
McQuay International and Prem.Air New York Collaborate to Serve New York City Area
McQuay International Obtains ISO 14001:2004 Certification
Pathfinder Chiller from Daikin McQuay Finds Place in 2009 Top Products List
Daikin McQuay’s Pathfinder™ Air-Cooled Chiller with a New Variable Frequency Drive
Increased Efficiency Rating for Daikin's VRV®III-S
Navigation Remote Controller Introduced by Daikin
Rheem’s Tankless Technology for Integrated HVAC and Water Heating
AHRI Approves Trane’s Run Test Facility for Air-Cooled Water Chilling Systems
iQ Zone™ Zoning System Launched by Nordyne
Nordyne 13-SEER Air Conditioners with R-410A Upgraded with Micro-Channel Aluminum Coil Technology
Nordyne (Tappan, Frigidaire) Debuts Builder’s Series Model
Variable Refrigerant TVR™ Air Conditioning System Introduced by Trane
Trane’s Series R® RTWD, Third Generation Water-Cooled Chiller Launched
YORK® YK-EP “Energy Plus” Chiller Launched by Johnson Controls
Johnson Controls Signs Agreement with M&A Supply
Lennox’s T-Class™ Split Systems Conferred with Gold 2009 Dealer Design Award
Lennox Launches New Energence™ Rooftop Unit Product Line
NSPE Awards AAON with 2009 Product of the Year Award
AAON’s Canadian Operations to be Shut Down
Carrier and Watsco, Inc. Enter into a Joint Venture
Nordyne to Restructure its Boonville Facility
Rheem to Debut Rheem HP-50 Heat Pump Water Heater
Rheem Shuts Down Milledgeville Heating and Cooling Plant Unit
Trane Inc Selected by Kohinoor Planet Constructions for Installing Energy Efficient Chilled Water System into a New Hospital

7. THE UNITED STATES MARKET OVERVIEW

7.1 Shipment Value Analysis by CAC Major Segments
7.2 Shipment Value Analysis by DX AC Sub-Segments
  7.2.1 Shipment Value Analysis by Split AC Systems Cooling Capacity
  7.2.2. Shipment Value Analysis by Packaged AC Systems Cooling Capacity
  7.2.3 Shipment Value Analysis by Heat Pump Type and Cooling Capacity
7.3 Shipment Value Analysis by Central Plant AC Sub-Segments
  7.3.1 Shipment Value Analysis by Chiller Types and Capacity
  7.3.2 Shipment Value Analysis by AHU Types
  7.3.3 Shipment Value Analysis by Fan Coil Unit Types
7.4 Unit Shipments Analysis by CAC Major Segments
7.5 Unit Shipments Analysis by DX AC Sub-Segments
  7.5.1 Unit Shipments Analysis by Split AC Systems Cooling Capacity
  7.5.2 Unit Shipments Analysis by Packaged AC Systems Cooling Capacity
  7.5.3 Unit Shipments Analysis by Heat Pump Type and Cooling Capacity
7.6 Unit Shipments Analysis by Central Plant AC Sub-Segments
  7.6.1 Unit Shipments Analysis by Chiller Types and Capacity
  7.6.2 Unit Shipments Analysis by AHU Types
  7.6.3 Unit Shipments Analysis by Fan Coil Unit Types

8. INDUSTRY OUTLOOK

9. ANNEXURE

9.1 Research Methodology
9.2 The Questionnaire
9.3 Feedback

CHARTS & GRAPHS

Chart 1: United States Central Air Conditioning Market Analysis (2006-2015) in Unit Shipments and Shipment Value
Chart 2: Split Central Air Conditioners
Chart 3: Packaged Central Air Conditioners
Chart 4: Split Air Source Heat Pumps
Chart 5: Packaged Air Source Heat Pumps
Chart 6: Commercial Unitary Air Conditioning (AC) and Heat Pump (HP)
Chart 7: Refrigerants with Ozone Depletion and Global Warming Potential
Chart 8: Market Share Analysis (2009) - United States CAC Major Players by Shipment Value (USD million) and Unit Shipments
Chart 9: Market Share Analysis (2009) - United States CAC Major Players Shipment Value (USD million) by Major Product Segments
Chart 10: Market Share Analysis (2009) - United States CAC Major Players Unit Shipments by Major Product Segments
Chart 11: United States Central Air Conditioning Shipment Value Analysis (2006-2015) by Major Product Segment – Direct Expansion (DX) Systems and Central Plant Systems in USD Million
Chart 12: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Central Air Conditioning Market Share (%) by Major Product Segment – Direct Expansion (DX) Systems and Central Plant Systems
Chart 13: United States Direct Expansion (DX) AC Systems Shipment Value Analysis (2006-2015) by Product Segment – Split AC Systems, Packaged AC Systems and Heat Pumps in USD Million
Chart 14: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Direct Expansion (DX) AC Systems Market Share (%) by Product Segment – Split AC Systems, Packaged AC Systems and Heat Pumps
Chart 15: United States Split AC Systems Shipment Value (USD Thousands) (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 16: United States Packaged AC Systems Shipment Value (USD Thousands) (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 17: United States Heat Pumps Shipment Value (USD Thousands) (2009 & 2010) – by type
Chart 18: United States Air Source Heat Pumps Shipment Value (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 19: United States Central Plant AC Systems Shipment Value Analysis (2006-2015) by Product Segment – Chillers, Cooling Towers, Air Handling Units and Fan Coil Units in USD Million
Chart 20: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Central Plant AC Systems Market Share (%) by Product Segment – Chillers, Cooling Towers, Air Handling Units and Fan Coil Units
Chart 21: United States Chillers Shipment Value (2009 & 2010) – by type of compressor and capacity (hp)
Chart 22: United States Air Handling Units Shipment Value (2009 & 2010) – by type
Chart 23: United States Fan Coils Shipment Value (2009 & 2010) – by type
Chart 24: United States Central Air Conditioning Unit Shipments Analysis (2005-2011) by Product Segment – DX Systems and Central Plant Systems in Units
Chart 25: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Central Air Conditioning Unit Shipments Share (%) by Product Segment – Direct Expansion (DX) Systems and Central Plant Systems
Chart 26: United States Direct Expansion (DX) AC Systems Unit Shipments Analysis (2005-2011) by Product Segment – Split AC Systems, Packaged AC Systems and Heat Pumps in Units
Chart 27: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Direct Expansion (DX) AC Systems Unit Shipments Share (%) by Product Segment – Split AC Systems, Packaged AC Systems and Heat Pumps
Chart 28: United States Split System Central Air Conditioning Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 29: United States Packaged Central Air Conditioning Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 30: United States Heat Pump Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by type
Chart 31: United States Air Source Heat Pump Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by cooling capacity (Btuh)
Chart 32: United States Central Plant AC Systems Unit Shipments Analysis (2005-2011) by Product Segment – Chillers, Cooling Towers, Air Handling Units and Fan Coil Units in Units
Chart 33: Glance at 2006, 2010 and 2015 United States Central Plant AC Systems Unit Shipments Share (%) by Product Segment – Chillers, Cooling Towers, Air Handling Units and Fan Coil Units
Chart 34: United States Chillers Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by type of compressor and capacity (hp)
Chart 35: United States Air Handling Unit Systems Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by type
Chart 36: United States Fan Coil Unit Shipments (2009 & 2010) – by type
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