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‘Taggants / Forensic Markers’ Micro/Nano-Scale for Anti-Counterfeit, Brand Protection & Product Authentication

January 2017 | | ID: V2792FBC925EN
Vandagraf International Limited

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This Vandagraf report: ‘Taggants/Forensic Markers in Brand Protection’ provides a comprehensive and in-depth view of this complex business.

This major new report comprises 2 volumes:
  • Volume I – Markets & Business Opportunities (256 pages)
  • Volume II - Supply Side Analysis - Companies/Product Offerings (216 pages).
This report identifies & analyses:
  • The various types of technology that are available
  • The various delivery methods and ‘Carriers’
  • The vertical markets served today and those that could benefit in the future
  • The types of usage
  • Opportunities for solution providers, ink makers, brand owners & others
  • 93 companies identified & profiled - Key solution providers & other players.
The development & evolution of a diverse range of taggant/forensic marker technologies & solutions has opened up a wide array of markets & applications. Some of these markets are today already well developed, while others are still in the early stages of market uptake. Solution providers have been coming at these challenges from different points of the compass. With some providers rooted in security print, packaging & labels, while other solution providers come from backgrounds of protecting such materials as, fuels fibres & explosives.

The Multi-facetted World of Taggants/Forensic Markers

Today’s complex taggants/forensic marker business is characterised by:
  • Numerous types of taggant/forensic marker technologies. Each with distinct attributes & suitability for different types of application - In terms of chemistry and physical dimensions as well as other factors
  • The various levels of support/back-up service that solution providers offer to customers:
    • From global laboratory backed full services solutions
    • To localised support that relies on user self-application of taggants/forensic markers
  • Micro-scale & nano-scale taggants/forensic markers can be applied at any stage in the value chain:
    • Start of the value chain - Raw materials
    • Intermediate products – Mixtures - Sub-assemblies
    • Finished Products.
Note: More than one taggant/forensic marker programme within a single value chain can certainly exist. So there is no reason why a finished product cannot contain several different taggants/forensic markers embedded in various raw materials and/or intermediate parts as well as the finished product, as required.

For a highly complex finished product such as an aircraft there could be many different parts & components sourced from many third party suppliers that carry taggants/forensic markers of one kind or another.

This of course greatly increases the overall number of potential applications. Taggants/forensic markers are also commonly used in combination with other types of brand protection features offering 1st & 2nd levels of defence.

Carriers – Taggant Delivery Vehicles – Routes to Market

Taggants/forensic marker can be introduced in a variety of way either directly or by means of a variety of Carriers, depending on the product and specific requirements:
  • Embedded in liquids/powders/granules.
  • Applied (printed/sprayed/coated) to the surface of a product, packaging/labels, for example with inks or coatings
  • Integrated into a solution or manufacturing process, for example:
  • Paper (as part of the paper making process)
  • Polymer master batches – for Plastics packaging (injection moulded or extruded)
  • Fibres of woven fabric materials (natural or man-made)
  • Fuels & Lubricants.
The application via printing enables the taggants/markers to be applied to specific selected areas or across a substrate surface. Other applications can be addressed via spray coating of an entire surface or on specific areas of surface – product and/or packaging (incl. Spray coating of large items & surfaces). Taggants/Forensic Markers can also be integrated into adhesives.

Markets - Taggants/Forensic Markers

Volume I of this report covers a number of selected vertical markets that have been identified as being of particular interest:
  • Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
  • Alcoholic Drinks – Spirits & Wines
  • Packaged Food Products
  • Luxury Accessories – Jewelry & Watches
  • Beauty – Toiletries, Cosmetics & Skincare
  • Tobacco Products
  • Tax Stamp Labels – Spirits & Wines – Tobacco Products
  • Defence & Aerospace – Electronics
  • Automotive Parts & Components Aftermarket (including Tyres)
  • Fibres, Yarn, Threads, Textiles, Wovens
  • Finished Products - Fibres, Yarn, Thread, Textiles, Wovens
  • Agrochemicals
  • Fuels & Lubricants.
In the course of researching this study, some additional markets of potential interest for taggants/forensic markers have come to light, as listed below:
  • Bearings
  • Industrial Fasteners & Adhesives
  • Other Types of Mechanical Parts/Components
  • Construction Industry – Building Materials
  • Paints & Coatings
  • Imaging Supplies – Printer Consumables.
Main Families of Taggants/Forensic Markers – Micro/Nano

A range of Taggant technologies are commercially available today – Each with distinct attributes & suitability for different types of application (both in terms of chemistry and scale as well as other factors).

The main families of taggants that are available commercially today may be segmented as follows:
  • 1st Generation – “Micro-scale” Taggants (order of 10-6 - power of minus 6 - metres physical dimensions)
    • Micro-Scale particles
    • Micro Nameplates
    • Other
  • 2nd Generation – “Nano-scale” Taggants (order of 10-9 - power of minus 9 - metres physical dimensions)
    • Organic DNA
    • Inorganic – Rare Earths
    • Quantum Dots
    • Raman Scattering
    • Other
A key difference is that ‘Micro’ scale taggants can be identified with a standard microscope, which brings unauthorised reverse engineering at least with the realms of the possible.

‘Nano’ scale taggants on the other hand are up to 3 orders of magnitude smaller (or 1,000 x smaller) and can only be detected with specialised laboratory equipment tuned to specific wavelengths or other characteristics known only to authorised testers.

If the would-be counterfeiter cannot even detect a taggant/forensic marker, then replicating it is going to be extremely difficult. Furthermore in some situations it may be useful for law enforcement personnel if the criminals are unaware that a product is carrying a taggant/forensic marker.

Taggants/Forensic Markers – Key Drivers

The following attributes are powerful:
  • Taggants/forensic markers are established as an authentication technology of choice that are admissible as conclusive evidence in Courts of Law – underpinned by laboratory verifiable forensic evidence - Support Services/Lab tests/In-the-field
  • Taggants/forensic markers be spread extremely thin across very many items down to molecular level – So can be applied right from the start of value chains to raw materials, as well downstream, as required
  • The fact that Serialization (a hot topic and major growth area in Pharmaceuticals and also increasingly across other vertical markets) is not actually a guarantee of authenticity of content is a potentially highly significant for the taggants/forensic marker industry
Other attributes associated with taggants/forensic markers include:
  • Highly Covert – Micro scale through to Nano scale
  • High barriers to reverse engineering, detection and/or un-authorised replication.
  • Option to mark both packaging and/or product (providing additional security that may be cross-checked)
  • Unique formulation, complexity, concentration, encoding can provide exclusivity to each individual client/application.
Ingestible Taggants/Non-Ingestible Taggants

Taggants/Forensic Markers may be divided in to 2 clear categories:
  • Materials approved by regulatory organisations (eg: FDA, EU) for ingestion in to the body
  • Materials that are not approved for ingestion in to the body.
The first category is potentially suitable for a wide range of applications and markets (both ingestible & not ingestible) provided that other characteristics are acceptable.

While the second category is limited (not suitable for ingestible Pharmaceuticals, Drinks & Food products and also products that come in to contact with skin externally - eg: Beauty products and also Jewelry).

Note: For agrochemicals & seeds – FDA approval for ingestible taggants/forensic markers may become more important if linked to the global food chain.

Cost Structure in the Taggant/Forensic Marker Business

A well developed laboratory back support service is a key element in the provision of a taggant/forensic marker based offering. In some industries the service & related infrastructure needs to have global reach – For other industries a regional or even local approach may be sufficient – But the major business opportunities tend to be international.

Some leading solution providers offer such international support services backed by a substantial and impressive array of resources. While at the other end of the spectrum are taggants/forensic markers that are supplied in small quantities for self-application by the end user.

In the case of former approach the cost of the actual markers themselves will represent a relatively small proportion of the total cost of the full service – In the latter case of the actual markers themselves can represent the main component of the overall cost.

The cost of carrying out laboratory testing can cost several $100s per test (this will vary from provider to provider).

There are also costs associated with the application of taggants/forensic markers, for example:
  • Direct application to raw materials
  • Direct application to electronics components/assemblies or mechanical parts during manufacture
  • Embedding in printing inks for packaging/labels.
So although the cost of actual taggants/forensic markers themselves may well be worth more than their own weight in gold (as the saying goes) this is offset because these markers are applied in such minute quantities – parts per million, parts per billion or even in some cases parts per trillion.

Financial Losses & Markets for Brand Protection Solutions

Financial losses due to counterfeiting and related activities globally have been accelerating at an alarming rate over the last few years and this trend is forecast to continue with annual growth rate of global counterfeiting growing at more than 15% in 2016 (according to according to the ICC estimates).

The overall situation is getting worse and the ramifications are a matter of serious concern. The global market for brand protection solutions across all vertical markets has been estimated at less than 0.5% of the financial losses in 2016. Best estimates put forecast growth of brand protection solutions (all types) at 12.6% in 2016. While the market for security taggant/forensic marker solutions is estimated to be growing somewhat more rapidly at nearer 20% annually.

Brand protection technologies and solutions have not proved to be entirely effective in the past and have tended to be compromised sooner or later (often sooner) by a highly ingenious and innovative criminal element.

Meanwhile the brand protection industry continues to make efforts to respond in an effective and coordinated way.

And taggants/forensic markers can be a key building block in how the brand protection business will gain more traction in the next few years

Conclusions

We at Vandagraf believe that it is still quite early days for taggants/forensic markers and that there is a substantial potential upside for future growth with some excellent business opportunities.

In the course of this research Vandagraf has profiled 93 companies involved in the taggants/forensic markers industry and we envisage that there are likely to be opportunities that can match the strengths of many of these businesses.

The trick will be for individual solution providers to identify the right opportunities for their own businesses and to seize these opportunities before their competitors do so:
  • New types of customer – Commercial sector/governmental
  • New vertical markets
  • New product categories
  • New geographies.
The creation of de facto industry standards for certain types of taggant/forensic markers based application, may be a viable goal.

Overview - Towards Categorisation & Selection of Target Markets

There does not appear to be any real limit to the variety of applications for taggants/forensic markers – Where a problem of counterfeiting arises, the viability of a taggant/forensic marker approach can always be examined on a case by case basis.

And as previously stated taggants/forensic markers exhibit a number of powerful unique selling points & characteristics.

A challenge for solution providers is to identify pro-actively new market opportunities for their taggant/forensic marker offerings and this requires careful examination of:
  • The nature a scale of the problem – Financial losses and/or threat to life
  • Scale & reach of the problem – Volumes/global, regional, local
  • Suitability and potential effectiveness of taggant/forensic marker based solutions
  • Strengths & weaknesses of particular solution providers portfolio of offerings & capabilities
  • Analysis of competition (existing players together with a steady stream of new entrants)
  • Other
Each provider tends to have unique attributes, based on:
  • Technology
  • Existing markets & client base (vertical markets, types of products)
  • Reach (global, regional, local).
Further considerations include:
  • What vertical markets to look at?
  • What product categories?
  • Where will be the high growth demand?
  • And so on
VOLUME 1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

THE MULTI-FACETTED WORLD OF TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS
MARKETS - TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS
MAIN FAMILIES OF TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS – MICRO/NANO
  Nano/Micro – Competing or Complimentary
KEY FINDINGS
  Taggants/Forensic Markers – Key Drivers
  Cost Structure & Scaling-Up in the Taggant/Forensic Marker Business
  Ingestible Taggants/Non-Ingestible Taggants
  Major Technology Groups – Attributes Compared
  Forecast Annual Growth Rates – Brand Protection Technologies
FINANCIAL LOSSES & MARKETS FOR BRAND PROTECTION SOLUTIONS
CONCLUSIONS
  Option for Further Market Analysis for Solution Providers
OVERVIEW - TOWARDS CATEGORISATION & SELECTION OF TARGET MARKETS

CARRIERS – TAGGANT DELIVERY VEHICLES – ROUTES TO MARKET

PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS

MARKET OVERVIEW - PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS
  Types of Packaging Printing Inks
  Water-based versus Solvent-based Printing Inks
  Oil based inks
  Printing Inks – Building Blocks
  Digital Printing – The Key to Printing Unique IDs on Packaging/Labels
  The Need for Innovation in the Security Ink Market
  Case Study – A Strategic Partnership – Inks Industry/Taggants Provider
  Regulatory Aspects
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS

PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS

MARKET OVERVIEW - PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS
PRODUCT CRIME - PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS
  Counterfeiting of Packaging & Labels - Logos, Tags, Quality Marks and Badges of Origin
  Packaging & Related Form Factors
  Case Study – Fake Car Logo Badges
  Case Study – Rolls of Counterfeit Hugo Boss Labels
BRAND PROTECTION - PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS
  Custom Thermal Transfer Labels & Fusible Graphics
  Security Labels –Taggants/Forensic Markers
  Shrink Sleeves & Films
  Bulk Raw Materials - Plastics (eg: Granules)
  Paper Substrates
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PACKAGING/LABELS AS CARRIERS

PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE

MARKET OVERVIEW - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
  Diversity of Packaging Form Factors in Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
  PRODUCT CRIME - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
  Increased reliance on express mail – Online Pharma Purchases
  Four Key Factors Driving Growth in Counterfeiting in Pharmaceuticals
BRAND PROTECTION - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
  Securetrace Progamme – 4 Security Technologies – Reckitt Benckiser
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
  Serialization is not a Guarantee of Authenticity – A Strong Case for Taggants
  Multiple Points of Entry to Supply Chains
  Pharmaceuticals Supply Chains Tend to be Complex
  Re-packaging of Pharmaceuticals - Aggregation of Product Consignments
  Free Movement of Goods within the EU
  Taggants/Forensic Markers - A Powerful Legal Tool
  Responsibility of Due Care

ALCOHOLIC DRINKS – SPIRITS & WINES

MARKET OVERVIEW – ALCOHOLIC DRINKS – SPIRITS & WINES
  Glass Bottles - Spirits & Wines – Market Sizing Estimates
PRODUCT CRIME – ALCOHOLIC DRINKS – SPIRITS & WINES
  Counterfeit Spirits
  Counterfeit Wines
BRAND PROTECTION – ALCOHOLIC DRINKS – SPIRITS & WINES
  What an Effective Spirits Brand Protection Programme should Look Like
  International Federation of Spirits Producers Ltd (IFSP)
  Case Study - Opus One Napa Valley Wine
  Case Study – Spirits –Addressing Counterfeiting and Adulteration can Increase Sales
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - ALCOHOLIC DRINKS – SPIRITS & WINES

PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS

MARKET OVERVIEW – PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME – PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
  Case Study - Counterfeit Baby Milk Powder in China
  Case Study - Olive Oil – A Special Case
  Food Nutraceuticals – High Value Added - Targeted by Counterfeiters
  Bodybuilding Supplements - High Value Added - Targeted by Counterfeiters
BRAND PROTECTION – PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
  Case Study - Del Campo - HarvestMark from YottaMark
  Case Study – Honey
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS

LUXURY ACCESSORIES – JEWELRY & WATCHES

MARKET OVERVIEW - LUXURY ACCESSORIES – JEWELRY & WATCHES
  Evolution of Global Markets – Jewelry & Watches
  Geographical Factors – Luxury Spending
  Jewelry - Market Segmentation – Real/Costume
  A Watch Market Overview
  Watches – Traditional Luxury versus Quartz & Digital
PRODUCT CRIME - LUXURY ACCESSORIES – JEWELRY & WATCHES
  Reverse Engineering of Watches with Digital Technology
  Case Study – A Law Enforcement Raid on a Factory in China
BRAND PROTECTION - LUXURY ACCESSORIES – JEWELRY & WATCHES
  Case Study – BrandAuthen Nano-technology Anti-Counterfeiting Solution
  Case Study - Fossil Inc./Orbid – Brand Protection – Watches
  Case Study - Tiffany & Co. versus Costco Wholesale
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - LUXURY ACCESSORIES – JEWELRY & WATCHES
  Replacement Parts for Watches – Warranty Fraud – Taggants/Forensic Markers
  Many Consumers ‘Knowingly’ Purchase Counterfeit Watches

BEAUTY – TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE

MARKET OVERVIEW – BEAUTY – TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
  Premiumisation – A Trend in the Beauty sector
PRODUCT CRIME - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
BRAND PROTECTION - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
  Case Study – Organic DNA Molecular Tags for Authentication of Aloe Vera
  Nutraceuticals – High Value Added – Beauty Products – Vulnerable to Counterfeiting
  Case Study – Counterfeit Beauty Product in China – Big ROI with on-Pack Taggant
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY – BEAUTY – TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE

TOBACCO PRODUCTS

MARKET OVERVIEW – TOBACCO PRODUCTS
  Folding Cartons for Tobacco Products – The Market
PRODUCT CRIME – TOBACCO PRODUCTS
  Illicit Tobacco Trade in the EU
  Illicit Cigarettes – Counterfeit & Smuggled
BRAND PROTECTION – TOBACCO PRODUCTS
  Background to The EU Policy to Combat Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products
  The FCTC Protocol
  European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD)
  EU Tobacco Products Directive
  EU Systems for Tracking & Tracing of Tobacco Products and for Security Features
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS – TOBACCO PRODUCTS

TAX STAMPS

TAX STAMP LABELS – SPIRITS & WINES
  Codentify - Inexto - ITSA
  Update ITSA Statement - December 4th 2017
  Initial ITSA statement - May 8th 2017
  Some Perspectives on Taxing Spirits & Wines
  Case Study – Alcohol Smuggling between States in India
TAX STAMP LABELS - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
  Tobacco Industry – Track & Trace – Tax Stamp Solutions

DEFENCE & AEROSPACE – ELECTRONICS

MARKET OVERVIEW - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE – ELECTRONICS
  Market Overview – Electronics
  Market Overview – Defence & Aerospace
  The Top 15 Countries For Military Expenditure In 2016
  Numbers of Parts Used to Build an Aircraft
  Obsolete Parts/Components in Circulation – An Additional Complication
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE – ELECTRONICS
  The Defence & Aeronautical sector are uniquely attractive to counterfeiters
  Obsolete Electronics Parts
  Cloning Extends Across All Levels of Electronics
  Counterfeit Chips & Obsolescence
  Case Study – Counterfeit Circuit Breakers at US Customs
  Case Study – Reworked Aircraft Ice-Detection Module - Aerospace
  Case Study - Counterfeit Network Routers
  Recycled Parts - Electronics
  Case Study - US based VisionTech – Military vs. Commercial Spec.
  ‘Blacktopping’ & Other Tricks in Unauthorsed Recycling of Electronic Components
BRAND PROTECTION - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE – ELECTRONICS
  Case Study – Underwriter’s Laboratories (UL)
  US DLA Secures Supply Chain with DNA Molecular Taggants
  Case Study - SMT Corp. - Counterfeit Detection – Electronics Industry
  Reverse Engineering
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE – ELECTRONICS

AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS AFTERMARKET (INCL.TYRES)

MARKET OVERVIEW – AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
  Automotive Electronics – Strong Growth
  Tyres (OEM/Replacement)
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME – AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
  The Tyre Market
  Automotive Electronics
  Case Study – Counterfeit Circuit Boards - Honda Automotive
BRAND PROTECTION – AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
  Vehicle Theft – Combatting the Problem
  Case study – Fighting Motorcycle theft - With Taggants & Barcodes
  Case Study – Fighting Auto Theft in Sweden with Taggants
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY – AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS

FIBRES, YARN, THREADS, TEXTILES, WOVENS

MARKET OVERVIEW – FIBRES, YARN, THREADS, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Trends in Fibre Markets
  Cotton – Evolution - By Region
  Polyester – Evolution - By Region
  Wool
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME – FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Case Study – US Grown Cotton & Added Value Products
  Case Study – Canada Goose
BRAND PROTECTION – FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Case Study - Microtrace Microtaggant® Identification Particles – Security Yarns
  Footwear – Multiple Security Features Example
  Case Study - Woolam Cotton Gin - Organic Textile Processor
  Case Study - Euratex - European Textile Manufacturers Association

FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS

MARKET OVERVIEW - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Apparel
  Carpets & Rugs – Market Overview
  Case Study – Recycled PET Bedding Material
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Apparel counterfeiting
  Characteristics of the Fashion Industry that attract counterfeiting
  Outerwear/Innerwear - Swimwear
  Case Study - Homeland Security Investigations Seize Fake Sports Team Hats & Jerseys
  Footwear - Counterfeiting
  Sportswear and sports footwear - Counterfeiting
  Case Study - Counterfeit Nike trainers seized at a UK Port
  Headgear – Counterfeiting
  Baseball Caps
  Protective Helmets
BRAND PROTECTION - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Case Study – 2014 Football World Cup - Counterfeit Goods Intercepted
  Case Study - Major IP Conference in 2014 prior to FIFA World Cup in Brazil
  Woven Labels
  Case Study - Counterfeit ‘Thinsulate’ - Woven label
  Cash’s Woven and Self-adhesive Brand Protection Labels
  Woven Labels with Integrated NFC/RFID
  TexTrace – Textile Label RFID Solution
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
  Fibres
  Yarns, Textiles & Wovens
  Finished Products

AGROCHEMICALS

MARKET OVERVIEW – AGROCHEMICALS
  Industry Structure
  Global Pesticides & Fertilizers Markets by Region
PRODUCT RELATED CRIME – AGROCHEMICALS
BRAND PROTECTION - AGROCHEMICALS
  Case Study – Taggants in Fertilizers
  Case Study – Violation of Licensing Agreement Revealed with In-Product Taggant
AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - AGROCHEMICALS

OTHER MARKETS OF POTENTIAL INTEREST – TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS

FUELS & LUBRICANTS
  Case Study – Lubricants with Taggants – Bearings
BEARINGS – MARKET OVERVIEW
INDUSTRIAL FASTENERS – MARKET OVERVIEW
OTHER TYPES OF MECHANICAL PARTS, COMPONENTS
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY - BUILDING MATERIALS
PAINTS & COATINGS
IMAGING SUPPLIES – PRINTER CONSUMABLES

APPENDIX – SUPPORT SERVICES/TYPES OF TAGGANT APPLICATION

Part A – Authentix - Full Support Marker Technology Provider
Part B –Microtrace – User Application of Taggants

VOLUME 2

INTRODUCTION

The Brand Protection Landscape
  Three ascending Levels of Defence - 1st, 2nd & 3rd
Building Blocks – Towards Integrated Multi-layered Solutions
  The Path to Becoming a Provider of Integrated Solutions
  Multi-Layered Solutions Increase the Level of Security
  The Layered Approach for Enhanced Security
A Strategic Approach to Brand Protection
  Integrated Brand Protection Solutions
  Major Groups of Security Solution & Selection Criteria
Adaptability of Different Technologies to Different Packaging Technologies
Brand Protection with Multiple Security Features
  Taggants/Forensic Markers - Combined with other Anti counterfeit Technologies
  Security Labels

TYPES OF TAGGANTS/FORENSIC MARKERS

  Achievable Levels of Security - Different Taggant/Forensic Marker Types
  Main Families of Nano-Taggants & Forensic Markers – Micro/Nano
Micro-Scale Particles
  Multi-layered micro-scale Taggants
    Microtrace/Microtaggants
    3S-Simons Security Systems/Secutag
    JDSU (Now aka: Viavi Solutions/Lumentum Holdings Inc.) JDSU Charms
    The Adhesive Research/ARMark
    Oxonica Micro/Nano-Scale Barcode (NBC)
    Trutag Technologies
  Micro-Scale Nameplates & Dots
Inorganic Synthetic Taggants-Rare Earths/Other
Organic DNA Based Taggants
Up-Converting Phosphors/Colour Change/Fluorescence
Quantum Dots
Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)
Ingestible/Non-Ingestible Taggants
  Summary - Taggants/Forensic Markers
  Table - Attributes of Forensic Markers/Nano Taggants by Type - Compared
  Table - Another Comparative View of Attributes – Nano-Taggants & Forensic Markers

PROFILES – SOLUTION PROVIDERS – 93 COMPANIES

Explanatory Note – Solution Providers
Presentation & structure of company profiles:

APPENDIX I - OTHER COMPANIES THAT MAY EMPLOY TAGGANTS – DIRECTLY/INDIRECTLY

Table - Security Inks, Coatings, Pigments & Dyes
Table - Packaging/Labels Converters
Table - Security Printers
Table - Packaging/Labels Materials (Security Papers/Films, Self-adhesive technology)
Table - Holograms

APPENDIX II - RELATED R&D ACTIVITES - ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS/UNIVERSITIES

APPENDIX III - REGULATORY, HEALTH & SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL & PRIVACY

APPENDIX IV – NOTES ON TYPES OF PRODUCT CRIME

Types of Product Related Crime & Solutions
  Counterfeiting and Piracy
  Counterfeiting and Piracy - Forgery/Alteration Fraud
  Counterfeiting and Piracy - Copy and Look-alike Products
  Counterfeiting and Piracy - Parallel Trading, Grey Markets and Diversion
  Counterfeiting and Piracy - Unauthorised Distribution, Back Door Trading and Over-runs
  Counterfeiting and Piracy – Dilution, Substitution refilling and remarking
Tampering, Retail/Supply Chain Theft, Returns Fraud
  Tampering
  Retail and Supply Chain Theft
  Returns Fraud


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