Production and Market of Paraquat in China

Date: June 24, 2016
Pages: 128
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Publisher: Guangzhou CCM Information Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (CCM)
Report type: Strategic Report
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Production and Market of Paraquat in China
Paraquat, one of the most widely used herbicides in the world, was firstly launched in Britain in 1962 and introduced to China in 1978. But it is highly toxic, and studies have found that ingesting just 3 grams of it can cause failure of the liver, kidney and other organs, fibrosis of the lungs, and respiratory failure. There is no known antidote so far.

Since 1 July, 2016, all paraquat AS formulation products will be forbidden for sale or application in China. Also, the Solicit Opinions Manuscript regarding the prohibition and limitation on the use of some pesticides, issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of China in May 2016, has revised paraquat's toxicity and reclassified it as extremely toxic, and field experiments and registration applications for paraquat are no longer to be accepted or approved.

China’s paraquat manufacturers and customers all hope to keep paraquat alive and well in the market. Whether the suspension of registration of substitutes for paraquat AS will be reopened still remains unclear. Companies are certainly making efforts on safety production and usage. That’s to say, paraquat is likely to rebound in China. However, these Chinese paraquat manufacturers should not be too optimistic about this.

Some authorities in the MOA are doubtful toward new formulations and have not approved new registrations yet. As of June 2016, the MOA has not issued any official policies on banning the use of non-AS paraquat formulations.

For your better understanding and decision making about the paraquat market in China, CCM’s report Production and Market of Paraquat in China provides you the latest and key information of China’s paraquat market.

In this report, you will be able to find your answers as we will show you:
  • Detailed research on production, supply, demand, registration and technology on the every part of the whole industrial chain of paraquat market in China
  • Forecast on paraquat industry about supply and demand in China, 2016-2020
  • Company profiles about 11 major paraquat TK manufacturers in China
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY

1 INTRODUCTION TO PARAQUAT INDUSTRY IN CHINA

1.1 Overview of herbicide industry
1.2 Position of paraquat in herbicide industry

2 PARAQUAT UPSTREAM INDUSTRY

2.1 Brief introduction to raw materials involved in paraquat production
2.2 Introduction to major raw materials for paraquat production
  2.2.1 Pyridine
  2.2.2 Methyl chloride
  2.2.3 Impact of raw materials on paraquat industry

3 PARAQUAT INDUSTRY IN CHINA

3.1 History of paraquat's development
3.2 Production technology of paraquat
  3.2.1 Brief introduction to two methods for paraquat production
    3.2.1.1 Cyanide method
      3.2.1.1.1 Ammoniacal-cyanide (AC) process
      3.2.1.1.2 Methanol-cyanide (MC) process
    3.2.1.2 Other methods
  3.2.2 Comparison of different methods
  3.2.3 Production cost
  3.2.4 Current technology level
  3.2.5 Current research status
3.3 Registration of paraquat in China
3.4 Supply of paraquat in China, 2011-H1 2016
  3.4.1 Supply of paraquat TK
    3.4.1.1 Production
    3.4.1.2 Paraquat TK manufacturers
  3.4.2 Supply of paraquat formulations
3.5 Circulation of paraquat in China
  3.5.1 Price of paraquat, 2010-Q1 2016
  3.5.2 Export of paraquat, 2010-Q1 2016
3.6 Consumption of paraquat in China, 2010-Q1 2016
  3.6.1 Consumption trends of paraquat
  3.6.2 Summary of paraquat market (volume and value)
  3.6.3 Application of paraquat
    3.6.3.1 Share by regions
    3.6.3.2 Share by crops

4 FORECAST ON PARAQUAT INDUSTRY IN CHINA

4.1 Key factors influencing paraquat industry
  4.1.1 Demand
  4.1.2 Policy
  4.1.3 Substitutes
  4.1.4 Research on non-AS formulations
  4.1.5 Usage habits
  4.1.6 Safety
4.2 Paraquat industry forecast, 2016-2020

5 CONCLUSION

6 APPENDIX:

6.1 Profile of major paraquat TK manufacturers in China
  6.1.1 Nanjing Redsun Co., Ltd.
  6.1.2 Syngenta Nantong Crop Protection Co., Ltd.
  6.1.3 Hubei Sanonda Co., Ltd.
  6.1.4 Shandong Lvfeng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
  6.1.5 Shandong Luba Chemical Co., Ltd.
  6.1.6 Shandong Kexin Biochemical Co., Ltd
  6.1.7 Shijiazhuang Baofeng Chemical Co., Ltd.
  6.1.8 Shandong Dacheng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
  6.1.9 Zhejiang Yongnong Chem. Ind. Co., Ltd.
  6.1.10 Hubei Xianlong Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
  6.1.11 Shandong Qiaochang Chemical Co., Ltd.

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.1-1 Classifications of herbicides in China
Table 1.2-1 Output and consumption of paraquat and corresponding share of all total herbicides in China, 2006-2015
Table 2.2.1-1 Capacity and output of pyridine manufacturers in China, 2009-2015
Table 2.2.1-2 China's imports of pyridine by origin, 2009-2014
Table 2.2.1-3 Apparent consumption of pyridine in China, 2009-2015, tonne
Table 2.2.1-4 Apparent consumption of pyridine in China by downstream industry, 2009-2015
Table 2.2.2-1 Capacity of major chloride methane manufacturers in China, 2010-2015, '000 t/a
Table 3.2.1.2-1 Reaction temperatures of sodium metal methods in paraquat production
Table 3.2.2-1 Comparison of pollutant discharge between AC process and MC process, 2013
Table 3.2.3-1 Unit consumption of pyridine in production of paraquat TK in China
Table 3.2.3-2 Manufacturing cost of paraquat 42% TK in China by AC process, May 2016
Table 3.3-1 Valid registrations of paraquat in China, May 2014-May 2016
Table 3.3-2 Valid registrations of paraquat TK in China, as of May 2016
Table 3.3-3 Valid registrations of paraquat formulations in China, as of May 2016
Table 3.4.1.2-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK manufacturers in China, 2011-H1 2016
Table 3.4.1.2-2 Geographical distribution of paraquat TK manufacturers in China, 2015
Table 3.4.2-1 Output of paraquat formulations in China by manufacturer, 2010-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 3.5.2-1 Change of paraquat's HS code in China
Table 3.5.2-2 China's exports of paraquat by month, Q1 2016
Table 3.5.2-3 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2015
Table 3.5.2-4 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2014
Table 3.5.2-5 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2013
Table 3.5.2-6 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2012
Table 3.5.2-7 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2011
Table 3.5.2-8 China's exports of paraquat by month, 2010
Table 3.5.2-9 China's exports of paraquat by destination, Q1 2016
Table 3.5.2-10 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2015
Table 3.5.2-11 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2014
Table 3.5.2-12 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2013
Table 3.5.2-13 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2012
Table 3.5.2-14 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2011
Table 3.5.2-15 China's exports of paraquat by destination, 2010
Table 3.5.2-16 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, Q1 2016
Table 3.5.2-17 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2015
Table 3.5.2-18 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2014
Table 3.5.2-19 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2013
Table 3.5.2-20 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2012
Table 3.5.2-21 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2011
Table 3.5.2-22 China's exports of paraquat by manufacturer, 2010
Table 3.5.2-23 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, Q1 2016
Table 3.5.2-24 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2015
Table 3.5.2-25 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2014
Table 3.5.2-26 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2013
Table 3.5.2-27 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2012
Table 3.5.2-28 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2011
Table 3.5.2-29 China's exports of paraquat by exporter, 2010
Table 4.1-1 Rating of importance of factors influencing development of paraquat industry in China, May 2016
Table 4.1.2-1 Restricted pesticides in Pesticide Production Entrance Conditions (draft) [2009]
Table 4.1.3-1 Comparison of substitutes for paraquat
Table 6.1.1-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Nanjing Redsun, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.1-2 Paraquat export volume in Nanjing Redsun, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.1-3 Capacity and output of pyridine in Nanjing Redsun, 2006~2015
Table 6.1.2-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Nantong Syngenta, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.2-2 Paraquat export volume in Nantong Syngenta, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.3-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Hubei Sanonda, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.3-2 Paraquat export volume in Hubei Sanonda, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.4-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shandong Lvfeng, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.4-2 Paraquat export volume in Shandong Lvfeng, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.5-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shandong Luba, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.5-2 Paraquat export volume in Shandong Luba, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.5-3 Capacity and output of pyridine in Shandong Luba, 2010~2015
Table 6.1.6-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shandong Kexin, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.6-2 Paraquat export volume in Shandong Kexin, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.7-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shijiazhuang Baofeng, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.7-2 Paraquat export volume in Shijiazhuang Baofeng, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.8-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shandong Dacheng, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.8-2 Paraquat export volume in Shandong Dacheng, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.9-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Zhejiang Yongnong, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.9-2 Paraquat export volume in Zhejiang Funong Biological Technology Co., Ltd., 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.10-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Hubei Xianlong, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.10-2 Paraquat export volume in Hubei Xianlong, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne
Table 6.1.11-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in Shandong Qiaochang, 2006~H1 2016
Table 6.1.11-2 Paraquat export volume in Shandong Qiaochang, 2013-Q1 2016, tonne

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1-1 Output and share of herbicides in China's pesticide industry, 2005-2015
Figure 1.1-2 Output structure of pesticides in China, 2015
Figure 1.1-3 Output and demand of herbicides in China, 2006-2015
Figure 1.1-4 Consumption share of herbicides in China by product, 2015
Figure 1.1-5 Consumption volume of major herbicides in China, 2008-2015, tonne
Figure 2.2.1-1 China's imports of pyridine, 2007-2015
Figure 2.2.1-2 Ex-works price of 99.9% pyridine in China, 2008-2015
Figure 2.2.2-1 Output of chloride methane in China, 2010-2015, tonne
Figure 2.2.2-2 Ex-works price of 99% methyl chloride in China, 2008-2015, USD/t
Figure 3.2.1.1.1-1 Flowchart of AC process for production of paraquat TK in China
Figure 3.2.1.1.2-1 Chemical principle of MC process for paraquat production
Figure 3.2.1.2-1 Chemical principle of sodium metal method for paraquat production
Figure 3.2.1.2-2 Chemical principle of acetic anhydride-zinc method for paraquat production
Figure 3.2.1.2-3 Chemical principle of ZnSO4 method for paraquat production
Figure 3.4.1.1-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK (calculated by 42% TK) in China, 2008-H1 2016
Figure 3.5.1-1 Ex-works prices of 99.9% pyridine and paraquat 42% TK in China, 2010-Q1 2016
Figure 3.5.1-2 Ex-works price of paraquat 42% TK and 20% AS in China, 2010-Q1 2016, USD/t
Figure 3.5.2-1 China's exports of paraquat, 2010-Q1 2016
Figure 3.5.2-2 Export share of paraquat technical in China by key export destination, 2011-Q1 2016
Figure 3.5.2-3 Export share of paraquat formulations in China by key export destination, 2011-Q1 2016
Figure 3.6.1-1 Consumption pattern of paraquat TK (calculated by 42% TK) in China, 2009-Q1 2016
Figure 3.6.2-1 Actual consumption volume and market value of paraquat in China, 2009-Q1 2016, tonne
Figure 3.6.3.1-1 Actual consumption of paraquat in China by region, 2015
Figure 3.6.3.2-1 Actual consumption of paraquat in China by crops, 2013-2015, tonne
Figure 3.6.3.2-2 Actual consumption of paraquat in China by crops, 2015
Figure 3.6.3.2-3 Actual consumption of paraquat in China by orchard crops, 2015
Figure 4.2-1 Forecast on output of paraquat (calculated by 42% TK) in China, 2016-2020, tonne
Figure 4.2-2 Forecast on consumption of paraquat (calculated by 42% TK) in China, 2016-2020, tonne

COMPANIES MENTIONED

Nanjing Redsun Co., Ltd.
Syngenta Nantong Crop Protection Co., Ltd.
Hubei Sanonda Co., Ltd.
Shandong Lvfeng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
Shandong Luba Chemical Co., Ltd.
Shandong Kexin Biochemical Co., Ltd
Shijiazhuang Baofeng Chemical Co., Ltd.
Shandong Dacheng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
Zhejiang Yongnong Chem. Ind. Co., Ltd.
Hubei Xianlong Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
Shandong Qiaochang Chemical Co., Ltd.
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