International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting

Date: June 22, 2009
Pages: 28
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US$ 520.00
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Publisher: Textiles Intelligence Ltd
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF)
ID: I66C5231586EN
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International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting
The cost of producing yarns and fabrics using most of the main processing technologies increased between 2006 and 2008 in Brazil, China, India, Italy, South Korea, Turkey and the USA, according to the International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF).

Raw material costs increased over the period for all manufacturing processes in all seven countries with one exception. In South Korea the cost of raw materials for producing woven fabric made from textured yarn fell. Meanwhile, manufacturing costs including labour, power and depreciation costs, among others increased for all manufacturing processes in all seven countries with three exceptions. One exception was the production of textured yarn, where manufacturing costs fell in the case of all countries surveyed. The other exceptions were the production of knitted fabric from ring yarn and the production of knitted fabric from rotor yarn, where, in a number of cases, costs remained the same.

In yarn manufacture, total costs in ring spinning were highest in Italy due to high manufacturing costs and lowest in India, although the USA enjoyed the lowest raw material prices. The USA also recorded the lowest raw material costs in rotor spinning, which resulted in the lowest total costs. Total costs were highest, meanwhile, in Egypt. In texturing, the USA suffered the highest total costs in 2008, ahead of Italy, while South Korea and India had the most competitive costs.

In weaving, total costs for producing fabric made from ring spun yarn were highest in Italy, followed by the USA, while costs in all of the other six countries were significantly lower. Total costs for producing woven fabric made from rotor spun yarn were highest in Italy while costs in all the other countries surveyed were similarly competitive. Meanwhile, total costs for producing woven fabric made from textured yarn were again highest in Italy, while Egypt enjoyed by far the lowest costs.

In knitting, total costs were made up almost entirely of raw material costs as manufacturing costs were negligible. However, in all processes total costs were highest in Italy. At the other end of the scale, India enjoyed the lowest costs in the production of knitted fabric made from ring spun yarn and textured yarn, while the USA enjoyed the lowest costs in the production of knitted fabric made from rotor spun yarn.
SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION


Raw material and manufacturing costs

SPINNING

Ring spun yarn
Rotor spun yarn

TEXTURING

WEAVING


Woven fabric made from ring spun yarn
Woven fabric made from rotor spun yarn
Woven fabric made from textured yarn

KNITTING

Knitted fabric made from ring spun yarn
knitted fabric made from rotor spun yarn
Knitted fabric made from textured yarn

APPENDIX: ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING COST CALCULATIONS

Product coverage
Efficiency standards
Reference period
Exchange rates

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Total costs of producing ring spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 2: Total costs of producing rotor spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 3: Total costs of producing textured yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 4: Total costs of producing woven fabric made from ring spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 5: Total costs of producing woven fabric made from rotor spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 6: Total costs of producing woven fabric made from textured yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 7: Total costs of producing knitted fabric made from ring spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 8: Total costs of producing knitted fabric made from rotor spun yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
Table 9: Total costs of producing knitted fabric made from textured yarn, by selected country, 1999-2008
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International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting
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