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Ethylene Market - Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Opportunity, and Forecast, 2018-2028 Segmented By Feedstock (Naphtha, Ethane, Propane, Butane), By Application (Polyethylene, Ethylene Oxide, Ethyl Benzene, Ethylene Dichloride), By Region and Competition

October 2023 | 174 pages | ID: E07A4F52AF48EN
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Global Ethylene Market stood at USD183.25 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to project robust growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 4.42% through 2028. C2H4, also known as ethylene, is a colorless and flammable gaseous organic compound containing carbon atoms with a double bond. It serves as a key raw material in the production of various compounds, such as polyethylene (P), ethyl oxide, ethylene glycol, high-density polyethylene, 1-2-dichloroethane, and vinyl acetate. The growing consumption of these products is primarily driven by the booming plastic industry, which relies heavily on ethylene as a building block. Not limited to just plastics, ethylene also finds applications in agriculture, where it is used to enhance plant health and growth.

The versatile nature of ethylene allows for the production of different types of plastics, catering to various industries including automotive, construction, consumer goods, packaging, and more. Technological advancements have further optimized the use of plastics, specifically low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE), in accordance with industry requirements. As a result, the market for ethylene continues to be supported by the growing consumer demand for plastic products.

One of the major driving factors behind the growth of the Ethylene Market is the discovery of shale gas, which has significantly reduced gas production costs. Ethylene, being a gas derived from hydrocarbons, benefits from the lower prices of shale gas, leading to reduced production costs. The rapid increase in shale gas production in recent years has resulted in a corresponding increase in the production of ethane, which serves as a crucial raw material for ethylene production. Consequently, gas production is anticipated to witness substantial growth in the foreseeable future. The declining gas production costs, coupled with the expansion plans of market participants, are poised to support the continuous growth of the Ethylene Market throughout the forecast period.

However, the growth of the Ethylene Market faces certain challenges, primarily in the form of stringent government regulations pertaining to its production and usage. Due to its flammable and carcinogenic properties, strict regulations have been imposed to ensure safety and environmental protection. Additionally, several countries are implementing legislation to curb hydrocarbon-based gas companies, further intensifying the regulatory pressure. Moreover, the volatility of raw material prices poses a hindrance to market growth to some extent.

On a positive note, the Ethylene Market is benefiting from the increasing demand for automobiles and electronic devices in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region, particularly in countries like China and India. Ethylene, being a vital raw material in the automotive and electronics industries, experiences a surge in demand as these sectors witness growth. In the coming years, developing countries, with a rising middle-class population, are expected to witness a further increase in the demand for electronic items and automobiles. This increased demand for gas from end industries presents new growth avenues for players operating in the Ethylene Market.

Key Market Drivers

Growing Demand of Ethylene in Construction Industry

Ethylene, a colorless flammable gas derived from natural gas and petroleum, plays a crucial role in the construction industry. It's primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), which are widely employed in various construction activities.

PVC, a versatile plastic, finds extensive applications in the construction industry. It is utilized in the manufacturing of pipes, window frames, roofing materials, flooring, and wall coverings. This popularity can be attributed to its exceptional durability, cost-effectiveness, and resistance to environmental factors. With its versatility and reliability, PVC has become a preferred choice for architects and builders alike.

On the other hand, EVA, known for its flexibility and excellent adhesive characteristics, is extensively used in the production of sealants, adhesives, and coatings. In the construction sector, EVA's properties make it an ideal material for various applications. Its use contributes to the growing demand for ethylene in the construction industry.

Several factors are driving the increasing demand for ethylene in construction. Firstly, the global construction industry is experiencing significant growth, fueled by population expansion, urbanization, and infrastructure development projects worldwide. This surge in construction activities requires a reliable supply of ethylene-based materials.

Secondly, there is a growing need for sustainable and durable construction materials. PVC and EVA, derived from ethylene, are renowned for their longevity and resistance to environmental stress. These properties make them highly desirable choices for construction projects, aligning with the industry's focus on sustainability and longevity.

Lastly, advancements in construction technology, such as 3D printing and modular construction, have opened up new opportunities for the utilization of ethylene-based products. These innovative construction techniques require materials that exhibit specific properties and compatibility, further driving the demand for ethylene-based products.

The increasing demand for ethylene in the construction industry has a positive impact on the global ethylene market. It leads to an increase in production volumes and encourages innovation in ethylene-based products tailored to meet the specific needs of the construction sector.

Moreover, this growing demand is influencing market trends. There is a rising focus on producing ethylene in a more sustainable manner, driven by increasing environmental concerns and stringent regulations. This has resulted in the development of bio-based ethylene, which offers a greener alternative to conventional ethylene production methods.

By expanding its applications in construction and adapting to emerging market trends, ethylene continues to play a vital role in shaping the future of the construction industry. Its versatility, durability, and sustainability make ethylene-based materials an indispensable component in modern construction projects.

Growing Demand of Ethylene in Packaging Industry

Ethylene plays a crucial role in the manufacturing of several materials used in the packaging industry. It is a versatile hydrocarbon compound that is primarily used to produce polyethylene (PE), the most commonly used plastic globally, and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), both of which find extensive applications in packaging.

Polyethylene, known for its flexibility, durability, and resistance to moisture, is widely utilized in various packaging applications such as plastic bags, films, containers, and bottles. On the other hand, EVA, with its excellent barrier and sealing properties, is commonly used in the production of flexible packaging materials.

The growing demand for ethylene in the packaging industry can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, the rise in consumer demand for packaged food and beverages has led to an increased need for high-quality and durable packaging materials. As people increasingly rely on packaged goods, the importance of preserving product quality and extending shelf life becomes paramount.

Secondly, the surge in e-commerce activities has significantly impacted the packaging industry. With the rise in online shopping, there is an increased demand for packaging materials to ensure safe and secure delivery of products. Ethylene-based products play a vital role in meeting this demand, as they offer the necessary strength, durability, and protective properties.

Furthermore, advancements in packaging technology and the development of innovative packaging solutions have created new opportunities for the use of ethylene-based materials. Smart packaging and active packaging, which incorporate features such as freshness indicators and antimicrobial properties, are gaining traction in the market. These innovative solutions enhance product safety, extend shelf life, and improve overall consumer experience.

The increasing demand for ethylene in the packaging industry is not only driving growth in the global ethylene market but also influencing market trends. There is a growing focus on producing ethylene in a more sustainable manner, considering the increasing environmental concerns and stringent regulations. This has led to the development of bio-based ethylene, which offers a greener alternative to conventional production methods.

In conclusion, ethylene plays a vital role in the packaging industry, enabling the production of versatile and high-performance materials. Its applications in polyethylene and ethylene vinyl acetate contribute to the development of durable, flexible, and innovative packaging solutions. The growing demand for ethylene-based products reflects the evolving needs of the packaging industry and its commitment to enhancing product quality, sustainability, and consumer experience.

Key Market Challenges

Hazardous Environmental Impact and Strict Government Regulations

Ethylene, a crucial raw material used in the production of various products such as plastics and antifreeze, is primarily derived from natural gas and petroleum through a process called steam cracking. This process, although efficient in meeting the demand for ethylene, comes at a cost. Not only does it consume a significant amount of energy, but it also contributes to the emission of greenhouse gases, exacerbating climate change concerns.

Furthermore, the environmental impact of ethylene-derived products, particularly single-use plastic packaging, cannot be ignored. These materials, designed for convenience, often end up in oceans and landfills, where they take hundreds of years to decompose. This persistent pollution poses a serious threat to marine life and ecosystems, as well as contributing to the global plastic waste crisis.

To address these pressing environmental concerns, governments around the world have implemented strict regulations aimed at reducing pollution and promoting sustainability. These regulations often require manufacturers, including ethylene producers, to limit emissions, adopt cleaner production methods, and invest in effective waste management practices.

In the European Union, for example, the Industrial Emissions Directive sets stringent operational conditions and emission limit values for large industrial plants, including those involved in ethylene production. Compliance with these regulations not only ensures a cleaner environment but also promotes the development and adoption of advanced technologies that minimize the environmental impact of the ethylene manufacturing process.

Similarly, in the United States, the Clean Air Act plays a crucial role in regulating the emission of pollutants from industrial sources, including ethylene plants. By imposing strict emission standards and requiring the implementation of pollution control measures, this legislation aims to protect air quality and mitigate the environmental impact of ethylene production.

However, it is important to acknowledge that while these regulations are necessary for environmental protection, they also come with challenges for ethylene producers. Compliance with the stringent requirements often entails increased operational costs and the need for significant investments in pollution control technologies. Therefore, finding a balance between sustainability goals and economic viability remains a key challenge for the ethylene industry.

Key Market Trends

Growing Investment in Shale Gas

Shale gas, a natural gas trapped within shale formations, has emerged as an important and abundant energy source worldwide. Its discovery and utilization have sparked a significant shift in the global energy landscape.

Several factors have contributed to the growing investment in shale gas. Firstly, advancements in drilling technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, have revolutionized the extraction process. These techniques have made it economically viable to access and extract shale gas from deep underground formations, unlocking vast reserves that were previously inaccessible.

Secondly, shale gas is widely recognized as a bridge fuel towards a cleaner and more sustainable energy future. Compared to coal, shale gas has lower carbon emissions, making it a more environmentally friendly option. This characteristic has garnered increased support from governments and policymakers, who are looking to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels and transition to cleaner energy sources. This support has further accelerated investment in shale gas projects.

Lastly, the surge in global energy demand and the need for energy security have prompted countries to invest in their domestic shale gas resources. For instance, Algeria has developed a comprehensive 20-year investment plan to harness and produce shale gas commercially. This strategic move not only helps meet the country's energy needs but also boosts its economic growth and reduces dependence on foreign energy sources.

The growing investment in shale gas is having far-reaching implications on the global energy market. It has led to increased production volumes, influencing global gas prices, and reshaping energy trade dynamics. Countries with abundant shale gas resources, like the United States, have transitioned from energy importers to energy exporters, transforming their energy profiles and enhancing their geopolitical influence.

However, it is important to acknowledge the challenges associated with shale gas extraction. Environmental concerns, such as groundwater contamination and seismic activity, have been linked to the extraction process. Additionally, there is growing awareness about methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas, during shale gas production. Addressing these challenges through rigorous regulations and advanced technologies is crucial to ensure sustainable and responsible development of shale gas resources.

In conclusion, shale gas has emerged as a game-changer in the global energy landscape. Its abundance, coupled with advancements in extraction technologies and recognition as a cleaner energy source, has fueled significant investment worldwide. While the growing investment presents opportunities for energy security and economic growth, it also calls for responsible and sustainable practices to mitigate its environmental impacts.

Segmental Insights

Feedstock Insights

Based on the category of feedstock, the naphtha segment emerged as the dominant player in the global market for Ethylene in 2022. Naphtha, a versatile feedstock in the petroleum industry, can be further categorized into three distinct types: light naphtha, heavy naphtha, and full-range naphtha, which is a combination of light and heavy naphtha. Known for its widespread application, naphtha serves as a key raw material in various sectors, including the production of fertilizers. Notably, it is utilized in the synthesis of ammonia and the subsequent creation of fertilizers or public gas. Moreover, naphtha steam cracking, a prevalent method, is predominantly employed to produce ethylene, alongside other valuable petroleum feedstocks such as Pyrolysis Gasoline (PG), mixed-C4, ethylene, and propylene. This technique harnesses the potential of naphtha, unlocking a range of possibilities for the industry.

Application Insights

The Polyethylene segment is projected to experience rapid growth during the forecast period. The high demand for polyethylene is primarily influenced by its increasing application in the manufacturing of plastics. The versatility and wide range of uses of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) across various industries have contributed significantly to the market's growth. Specifically, the demand for HDPE in food packaging has been on the rise due to its exceptional tensile strength, durability, and non-toxic properties.

In fact, according to the Indian Institute of Packaging (IIP), the consumption of packaging materials has witnessed a substantial increase from 4.3 kilograms per person per annum to approximately 8.5 kilograms per person per annum in 2019-2020. This surge in packaging consumption further highlights the significance of polyethylene in the plastic manufacturing industry, particularly in applications such as food packaging, bottles, films, and more.

With the ever-increasing demand for polyethylene plastics in various packaging applications, it is expected that the global ethylene industry will experience significant growth during the forecast period. The continuous advancements in the field of plastics and the expanding scope of polyethylene's applications further contribute to the positive outlook for the industry.

Regional Insights

Asia Pacific emerged as the dominant player in the Global Ethylene Market in 2022, holding the largest market share in terms of value. The global ethylene market is experiencing significant growth in the APAC region due to its increasing demand in various industries such as packaging, agriculture, construction, and more. One of the key drivers of this growth is the flourishing agriculture sector in the region, which is creating favorable conditions for the ethylene market. Ethylene, being a natural plant hormone, is widely used as a ripening agent for fruits like bananas, citrus fruits, and others. The increasing agricultural harvest and production trends in countries such as India, China, and others are further fueling the demand for ethylene in the market. Notably, according to the World Bank and OECD national data, the agriculture sector's contribution to China's GDP accounted for 7.6% in 2020, highlighting its significance.

Furthermore, ethylene holds a major share of demand in plastic packaging applications in the food sector, driven by the rising popularity of packaged foods in the APAC region. This, in turn, has contributed to the growing demand and production of ethylene in APAC for various applications in plastics, construction, agriculture, automotive, and more. As a result, the global ethylene market is poised to witness rapid growth during the forecast period, driven by the increasing demand and production of ethylene in the APAC region.

Key Market Players

BASF SE

Chevron Phillips Chemical Company, LLC

Exxon Mobil Corporation

Ineos Group Ltd

LyondellBasell Industries N.V.

Royal Dutch Shell plc

Saudi Basic Industries Corporation

China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (Sinopec)

The Dow Chemical Company

Lonza Group.

Report Scope:

In this report, the Global Ethylene Market has been segmented into the following categories, in addition to the industry trends which have also been detailed below:
  • Ethylene Market, By Feedstock:
    • Naphtha
    • Ethane
    • Propane
    • Butane
  • Ethylene Market, By Application:
    • Polyethylene
    • Ethylene Oxide
    • Ethyl Benzene
    • Ethylene Dichloride
  • Ethylene Market, By Region:
    • North America
      • United States
      • Canada
      • Mexico
    • Europe
      • France
      • United Kingdom
      • Italy
      • Germany
      • Spain
    • Asia-Pacific
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • South Korea
    • South America
      • Brazil
      • Argentina
      • Colombia
    • Middle East & Africa
      • South Africa
      • Saudi Arabia
      • UAE
      • Kuwait
      • Turkey
      • Egypt
Competitive Landscape

Company Profiles: Detailed analysis of the major companies present in the Global Ethylene Market.

Available Customizations:

Global Ethylene Market report with the given market data, Tech Sci Research offers customizations according to a company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for the report:

Company Information
  • Detailed analysis and profiling of additional market players (up to five).
1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW

1.1. Market Definition
1.2. Scope of the Market
  1.2.1. Markets Covered
  1.2.2. Years Considered for Study
  1.2.3. Key Market Segmentations

2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2.1. Objective of the Study
2.2. Baseline Methodology
2.3. Key Industry Partners
2.4. Major Association and Secondary Sources
2.5. Forecasting Methodology
2.6. Data Triangulation & Validation
2.7. Assumptions and Limitations

3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

3.1. Overview of the Market
3.2. Overview of Key Market Segmentations
3.3. Overview of Key Market Players
3.4. Overview of Key Regions/Countries
3.5. Overview of Market Drivers, Challenges, Trends

4. GLOBAL ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

4.1. Market Size & Forecast
  4.1.1. By Value
4.2. Market Share & Forecast
  4.2.1. By Feedstock (Naphtha, Ethane, Propane, Butane)
  4.2.2. By Application (Polyethylene, Ethylene Oxide, Ethyl Benzene, Ethylene Dichloride)
  4.2.3. By Region
  4.2.4. By Company (2022)
4.3. Market Map
  4.3.1. By Feedstock
  4.3.2. By Application
  4.3.3. By Region

5. ASIA PACIFIC ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

5.1. Market Size & Forecast
  5.1.1. By Value
5.2. Market Share & Forecast
  5.2.1. By Feedstock
  5.2.2. By Application
  5.2.3. By Country
5.3. Asia Pacific: Country Analysis
  5.3.1. China Ethylene Market Outlook
    5.3.1.1. Market Size & Forecast
      5.3.1.1.1. By Value
    5.3.1.2. Market Share & Forecast
      5.3.1.2.1. By Feedstock
      5.3.1.2.2. By Application
  5.3.2. India Ethylene Market Outlook
    5.3.2.1. Market Size & Forecast
      5.3.2.1.1. By Value
    5.3.2.2. Market Share & Forecast
      5.3.2.2.1. By Feedstock
      5.3.2.2.2. By Application
  5.3.3. Australia Ethylene Market Outlook
    5.3.3.1. Market Size & Forecast
      5.3.3.1.1. By Value
    5.3.3.2. Market Share & Forecast
      5.3.3.2.1. By Feedstock
      5.3.3.2.2. By Application
  5.3.4. Japan Ethylene Market Outlook
    5.3.4.1. Market Size & Forecast
      5.3.4.1.1. By Value
    5.3.4.2. Market Share & Forecast
      5.3.4.2.1. By Feedstock
      5.3.4.2.2. By Application
  5.3.5. South Korea Ethylene Market Outlook
    5.3.5.1. Market Size & Forecast
      5.3.5.1.1. By Value
    5.3.5.2. Market Share & Forecast
      5.3.5.2.1. By Feedstock
      5.3.5.2.2. By Application

6. EUROPE ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

6.1. Market Size & Forecast
  6.1.1. By Value
6.2. Market Share & Forecast
  6.2.1. By Feedstock
  6.2.2. By Application
  6.2.3. By Country
6.3. Europe: Country Analysis
  6.3.1. France Ethylene Market Outlook
    6.3.1.1. Market Size & Forecast
      6.3.1.1.1. By Value
    6.3.1.2. Market Share & Forecast
      6.3.1.2.1. By Feedstock
      6.3.1.2.2. By Application
  6.3.2. Germany Ethylene Market Outlook
    6.3.2.1. Market Size & Forecast
      6.3.2.1.1. By Value
    6.3.2.2. Market Share & Forecast
      6.3.2.2.1. By Feedstock
      6.3.2.2.2. By Application
  6.3.3. Spain Ethylene Market Outlook
    6.3.3.1. Market Size & Forecast
      6.3.3.1.1. By Value
    6.3.3.2. Market Share & Forecast
      6.3.3.2.1. By Feedstock
      6.3.3.2.2. By Application
  6.3.4. Italy Ethylene Market Outlook
    6.3.4.1. Market Size & Forecast
      6.3.4.1.1. By Value
    6.3.4.2. Market Share & Forecast
      6.3.4.2.1. By Feedstock
      6.3.4.2.2. By Application
  6.3.5. United Kingdom Ethylene Market Outlook
    6.3.5.1. Market Size & Forecast
      6.3.5.1.1. By Value
    6.3.5.2. Market Share & Forecast
      6.3.5.2.1. By Feedstock
      6.3.5.2.2. By Application

7. NORTH AMERICA ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

7.1. Market Size & Forecast
  7.1.1. By Value
7.2. Market Share & Forecast
  7.2.1. By Feedstock
  7.2.2. By Application
  7.2.3. By Country
7.3. North America: Country Analysis
  7.3.1. United States Ethylene Market Outlook
    7.3.1.1. Market Size & Forecast
      7.3.1.1.1. By Value
    7.3.1.2. Market Share & Forecast
      7.3.1.2.1. By Feedstock
      7.3.1.2.2. By Application
  7.3.2. Mexico Ethylene Market Outlook
    7.3.2.1. Market Size & Forecast
      7.3.2.1.1. By Value
    7.3.2.2. Market Share & Forecast
      7.3.2.2.1. By Feedstock
      7.3.2.2.2. By Application
  7.3.3. Canada Ethylene Market Outlook
    7.3.3.1. Market Size & Forecast
      7.3.3.1.1. By Value
    7.3.3.2. Market Share & Forecast
      7.3.3.2.1. By Feedstock
      7.3.3.2.2. By Application

8. SOUTH AMERICA ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

8.1. Market Size & Forecast
  8.1.1. By Value
8.2. Market Share & Forecast
  8.2.1. By Feedstock
  8.2.2. By Application
  8.2.3. By Country
8.3. South America: Country Analysis
  8.3.1. Brazil Ethylene Market Outlook
    8.3.1.1. Market Size & Forecast
      8.3.1.1.1. By Value
    8.3.1.2. Market Share & Forecast
      8.3.1.2.1. By Feedstock
      8.3.1.2.2. By Application
  8.3.2. Argentina Ethylene Market Outlook
    8.3.2.1. Market Size & Forecast
      8.3.2.1.1. By Value
    8.3.2.2. Market Share & Forecast
      8.3.2.2.1. By Feedstock
      8.3.2.2.2. By Application
  8.3.3. Colombia Ethylene Market Outlook
    8.3.3.1. Market Size & Forecast
      8.3.3.1.1. By Value
    8.3.3.2. Market Share & Forecast
      8.3.3.2.1. By Feedstock
      8.3.3.2.2. By Application

9. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA ETHYLENE MARKET OUTLOOK

9.1. Market Size & Forecast
  9.1.1. By Value
9.2. Market Share & Forecast
  9.2.1. By Feedstock
  9.2.2. By Application
  9.2.3. By Country
9.3. MEA: Country Analysis
  9.3.1. South Africa Ethylene Market Outlook
    9.3.1.1. Market Size & Forecast
      9.3.1.1.1. By Value
    9.3.1.2. Market Share & Forecast
      9.3.1.2.1. By Feedstock
      9.3.1.2.2. By Application
  9.3.2. Saudi Arabia Ethylene Market Outlook
    9.3.2.1. Market Size & Forecast
      9.3.2.1.1. By Value
    9.3.2.2. Market Share & Forecast
      9.3.2.2.1. By Feedstock
      9.3.2.2.2. By Application
  9.3.3. UAE Ethylene Market Outlook
    9.3.3.1. Market Size & Forecast
      9.3.3.1.1. By Value
    9.3.3.2. Market Share & Forecast
      9.3.3.2.1. By Feedstock
      9.3.3.2.2. By Application
  9.3.4. Egypt Ethylene Market Outlook
    9.3.4.1. Market Size & Forecast
      9.3.4.1.1. By Value
    9.3.4.2. Market Share & Forecast
      9.3.4.2.1. By Feedstock
      9.3.4.2.2. By Application

10. MARKET DYNAMICS

10.1. Drivers
10.2. Challenges

11. MARKET TRENDS & DEVELOPMENTS

11.1. Recent Developments
11.2. Product Launches
11.3. Mergers & Acquisitions

12. GLOBAL ETHYLENE MARKET: SWOT ANALYSIS

13. PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS

13.1. Competition in the Industry
13.2. Potential of New Entrants
13.3. Power of Suppliers
13.4. Power of Customers
13.5. Threat of Substitute Product

14. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

14.1. BASF SE
  14.1.1. Business Overview
  14.1.2. Company Snapshot
  14.1.3. Products & Services
  14.1.4. Current Capacity Analysis
  14.1.5. Financials (In case of listed)
  14.1.6. Recent Developments
  14.1.7. SWOT Analysis
14.2. Chevron Phillips Chemical Company, LLC
14.3. Exxon Mobil Corporation
14.4. Ineos Group Ltd
14.5. LyondellBasell Industries N.V.
14.6. Royal Dutch Shell plc
14.7. Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
14.8. China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (Sinopec)
14.9. The Dow Chemical Company
14.10. Lonza Group.

15. STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATIONS

16. ABOUT US & DISCLAIMER


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