Three Largest Mango Producing Countries
06 Dec 2018 • by Natalie Aster
LONDON – Presently, mango is the most popular tropical fruit across the globe, accounting for around half of the world’s total production of tropical fruits. Today, more than 2,000 various types of mangoes, ranging in size and colour, are grown in over 115 countries in the world. Globally, the harvested area of mangoes is about 5.41 million hectares. Asia contributes nearly 72% of the global mango output volume.
The global mango production exhibited steady growth trend during the past few years. As of 2016, the global production volume of mango demonstrated a slight increase and crossed 46.5 million metric tons. In the year 2017, over 47.1 million metric tons (MMT) of mango were produced globally.
Global production of mango during 2007-2017 (in MMT)
TOP THREE MANGO PRODUCING COUNTRIES
Thailand holds the third spot on the list of the global leading mango-producing countries. Approximately 754 thousand acres of land in the country is dedicated to mango crops. In the year 2016, the Thai mango production totaled about 3.4 MMT – equal to some 7.3%.
The bulk share of mangoes produced in Thailand is consumed domestically, whilst only 2% of the country’s production volume is exported, majorly to such countries as China, South Korea, Singapore, Japan, and Malaysia. However, Thailand is amid the top global exporters of mangoes. In 2017, the Thai mango exports totaled nearly USD 275.1 million.
China ranks the second largest mango producer across the globe, commanding a share of appr. 10.2% in the world’s total output. Large-scale commercial production on mango began in China in the 1960s, although this fruit has been growing in the country for centuries. As of 2016, some 4.77 MMT of mango were produced in China. The largest mango plantations in China are located in the southern regions: Baise (Guangxi Province), Sanya (Hainan Province), Panzhihua (Sichuan Province), etc.
Besides high domestic production, mangoes are also imported to China from such countries as Vietnam, India, Thailand, and Myanmar. As a result of strengthened agricultural ties between China and Pakistan, Pakistani mango imports to China are likely to double this year.
In the wake of the strong demand, the Chinese mango market has witnessed sustainable growth during the recent years with more and more companies entering the national mango market. China’s mango market is slated to maintain healthy growth rates in the foreseeable future, capturing bigger volumes both domestic and imported.
India is the number one mango-producing country in the world, accounting for over 40% of the world’s total production volume. Over 2.3 million acres of land in India are dedicated to mango farming. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Orissa are the leading mango-producing states in India. Last year, the country’s mango output exceeded 18.5 MMT.
This year, the Indian export volume of mango is poised to register a healthy YoY increase and come to 50 thousand tons – in comparison to appr. 45.3 thousand tons exported last year. This is attributed not only to the expanding domestic production but also to the growing number of export destinations as well as increasing export volumes to the established importers of the Indian mango. However, India still enjoys a very low presence in global mango sales.
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