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2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid (CAS 3238-40-2) is Deemed as Important Renewable Building Block

29 May 2012 • by Natalie Aster

2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), also known as dehydromucic acid, is an oxidized furan derivative with the formula C6H4O5. It is insoluble in most of common solvents (it is soluble exclusively in DMSO) and has a melting point of 342 °C. FDCA can generally be synthesized by four methods: acid-promoted triple dehydration of aldaric (mucic) acids; oxidation of various 2,5-disubstituted furans using inorganic oxidants; catalytic conversions of various furan derivatives; and biological conversion of HMF.

This organic compound was first obtained in 1876, when Fittig and Heinzelmann synthesized it from mucic acid utilizing concentrated hydrobromic acid. A quarter of a century later, Henry Hill published the first review. FDCA can be found in human urine and in blood plasma.

Despite its chemical stability, FDCA enters into reactions which are common to carboxylic acids – halogen substitution to give carboxylic dihalides, di-ester formation and the formation of amides, the synthesis of 2,5-furandicarboxylic dichloride by the reaction of FDCA with thionyl chloride, and more. The versatility of FDCA is also seen in a range of derivatives available via relatively simple chemical transformations.

The most important group of FDCA conversions is the polymerization. FDCA is also applied in pharmacology. Being a chemically stable compound, FDCA, as most of polycarboxylic acids, can be an ingredient of fire foams. Furthermore, this compound is used in the production of furanics – green building blocks which are scientifically referred to as ‘sleeping giants’ due to their huge potential to produce green plastics and chemicals.

2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid market is covered in the study 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (CAS 3238-40-2) Market Research Report 2012. The report encompasses proper description of the product, unveils application areas, and briefly summarizes patents in the sphere. It overlooks 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid market situation, names manufacturers, suppliers as well as users. The report also provides current 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid prices in the market.

More information on the 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid market can be found in the report “2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (CAS 3238-40-2) Market Research Report 2012”.


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