Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Electronics Applications 2012-2022

Date: April 1, 2012
Pages: 328
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US$ 3,995.00
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Publisher: IDTechEx Ltd
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF), Hard Copy Mail Delivery
ID: CED7A786417EN
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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Electronics Applications 2012-2022
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs), graphene and their compounds exhibit extraordinary electrical properties for organic materials, and have a huge potential in electrical and electronic applications such as photovoltaics, sensors, semiconductor devices, displays, conductors, smart textiles and energy conversion devices (e.g., fuel cells, harvesters and batteries). This updated report brings all of this together, covering the latest work from over 100 organisations around the world to details of the latest progress applying the technologies. New developments, challenges and opportunities regarding material production and applications are provided.

Carbon Nanotube and Graphene for Electronics Applications

Printable carbon nanotube inks and graphene-based inks are beginning to hit the market. However, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have not yet met commercial expectations from a decade ago, and now hot on its heels is graphene. Graphene is considered a hot candidate for applications such as computers, displays, photovoltaics and flexible electronics.

Opportunities for Graphene

Graphene and its compounds are increasingly used to make transistors that show extremely good performance - a progress that comes with new cheaper production processes for the raw material. Transistors on the basis of graphene are considered to be potential successors for some silicon components currently in use.

Promise for CNTs

On the other hand, carbon nanotubes are still a strong focus for research. CNTs are used for making transistors and are applied as conductive layers for the rapidly growing touch screen market. Still considered a viable replacement for ITO transparent conductors in some applications, CNTs are not out of the game just yet. Fabricated as transparent conductive films (TCF), carbon nanotubes can potentially be used as a highly conductive, transparent and cost efficient alternative in flexible displays and touch screens, for instance. While the cost of carbon nanotubes was once prohibitive, it has been coming down in recent years as chemical companies build up manufacturing capacity.

Ten Year Forecasts

IDTechEx market forecasts indicate that CNT and graphene transistors and other applications may be commercially available in volume from 2016 onwards, according to the new report Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Electronics Applications 2012-2022. According to IDTechEx, the biggest opportunity for both materials is in printed and potentially printed electronics, where the value of these devices that partly incorporate these materials will reach over $63 billion in 2022.

Challenges are material purity, device fabrication, and the need for other device materials such as suitable dielectrics. However, the opportunity is large, given the high performance, flexibility, transparency and printability. Companies that IDTechEx surveyed report growth rates as high as 300% over the next five years. New developments regarding the production of pure CNTs and the separation of conducting and semiconducting carbon nanotubes are given in this updated report.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. Carbon Nanotubes
1.2. Graphene

2. PROPERTIES

2.1. Properties of CNTs
2.2. Metallic/semiconducting CNT separation
2.3. CNTs as conductors
2.4. Comparison to other conductors
2.5. Comparison to other semiconductors
2.6. Properties of graphene
2.7. Creating a band gap in graphene

3. MANUFACTURE

3.1. Manufacture of CNTs
  3.1.1. Arc Method
  3.1.2. Laser Ablation Method
  3.1.3. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
3.2. Manufacture of Graphene
  3.2.1. Scotch tape method
  3.2.2. Epitaxial Graphene - grown on silicon-carbide crystals
  3.2.3. Expanded Graphene
  3.2.4. Templated growth
  3.2.5. Other Approaches
  3.2.6. New Process from UCSB - LPCVD

4. APPLICATIONS

4.1. Developers or Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
4.2. Printing Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene
  4.2.1. Latest progress
4.3. Conductors
  4.3.1. Deposition technologies and main applications
  4.3.2. Latest progress with CNT conductors
  4.3.3. Challenges
  4.3.4. First commercialisation of Graphene based ink by MWV
4.4. Semiconductors
4.5. Transistors
  4.5.1. CNT Transistors
  4.5.2. Graphene Transistors
  4.5.3. Challenges
4.6. OLEDs and flexible displays
  4.6.1. Latest progress
  4.6.2. Surface-Mediated Cells, SMCs
4.7. Lighting
4.8. Energy storage devices
  4.8.1. Batteries
  4.8.2. Supercapacitors
4.9. Photovoltaics
  4.9.1. Organic Photovoltaics
  4.9.2. Hybrid organic-inorganic photovoltaics
  4.9.3. Infrared solar cells
  4.9.4. CNT Solar Cell
  4.9.5. Photodiode
4.10. NRAM data storage device
4.11. Sensors and Smart Textiles
4.12. Sensors and smart textiles
4.13. TCF for Touch Screens
4.14. Thin film speakers
4.15. TCF for Touch Screens
4.16. CNTs for Touch Screens
4.17. Graphene for Touch Screens

5. COMPANY PROFILES

5.1. Aneeve Nanotechnologies LLC, USA
5.2. Angstron Materials LLC., USA
5.3. Applied Nanotech, USA
5.4. Arry International Group, Hong Kong
5.5. BASF, Germany
5.6. Bayer MaterialScience, Germany
5.7. Berkeley Lab, USA
5.8. Brewer Science, USA
5.9. Cabot Corp., USA
5.10. Canatu Ltd., Finland
5.11. Carben Semicon Ltd, Russia
5.12. Carbon Solutions, Inc., USA
5.13. CarboLex, Inc., USA
5.14. Cap-XX Australia
5.15. Case Western Reserve University, USA
5.16. Catalyx Nanotech Inc. (CNI), USA
5.17. CheapTubes, USA
5.18. Chengdu Organic Chemicals Co. Ltd. (Timesnano), China
5.19. CNano Technology Ltd, USA
5.20. Cornell University, USA
5.21. CSIRO, Australia
5.22. C3Nano, Inc., USA
5.23. Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd., Japan
5.24. DuPont Microcircuit Materials (MCM), USA
5.25. Durham Graphene Sciences
5.26. Eden Energy Ltd., Australia
5.27. Eikos, USA
5.28. Focus Metals
5.29. Frontier Carbon Corporation (FCC), Japan
5.30. Fujitsu Laboratories, Japan
5.31. Future Carbon GmbH, Germany
5.32. Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), USA
5.33. Grafen Chemical Industries (GCI)
5.34. Grafoid
5.35. GRAnPH Nanotech
5.36. Graphene Energy Inc., USA
5.37. Graphene Frontiers
5.38. Graphene Industries Ltd., UK
5.39. Graphene Laboratories
5.40. Graphene Square
5.41. Graphene Technologies (GT)
5.42. Graphenea
5.43. Graphensic
5.44. Hanwha Nanotech Corporation, Korea
5.45. Harbin Mulan
5.46. HDPlas
5.47. HeJi, Inc., China
5.48. Helix Material Solutions Inc., USA
5.49. Hodogaya Chemical Co., Ltd., Japan
5.50. Honda Research Institute USA Inc. (HRI-US), USA
5.51. Honjo Chemical Corporation, Japan
5.52. HRL Laboratories, USA
5.53. Hyperion Catalysis International, Inc.
5.54. IBM, USA
5.55. Intelligent Materials PVT. Ltd. (Nanoshel), India
5.56. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA
5.57. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA
5.58. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany
5.59. MER Corporation, USA
5.60. Mitsui Co., Ltd, Japan
5.61. Mknano, Canada
5.62. Nano-C, USA
5.63. NanoCarbLab (NCL), Russia
5.64. Nano Carbon Technologies Co., Ltd. (NCT)
5.65. Nanocomb Technologies, Inc. (NCTI), USA
5.66. Nanocs, USA
5.67. Nanocyl s.a., Belgium
5.68. NanoIntegris, USA
5.69. NanoLab, Inc., USA
5.70. NanoMas Technologies, USA
5.71. Nano-Proprietary, Inc., USA
5.72. Nanoshel, Korea
5.73. Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc., USA
5.74. Nanothinx S.A. , Greece
5.75. Nantero, USA
5.76. National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan
5.77. National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST), USA
5.78. NEC Corporation, Japan
5.79. NEDO
5.80. New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), USA
5.81. NineSigma Inc., USA
5.82. Nissha Printing, Japan
5.83. Noritake Co., Japan
5.84. North Carolina State University, USA
5.85. North Dakota State University (NDSU), USA
5.86. Northeastern University, Boston, USA
5.87. Optomec, USA
5.88. PARU, Korea
5.89. Pennsylvania State University, USA
5.90. PETEC (Printable Electronics Technology Centre), UK
5.91. Purdue University, USA
5.92. Quantum Materials Corp
5.93. Pyrograf Products, Inc., USA
5.94. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), USA
5.95. Rice University, USA
5.96. Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey, USA
5.97. Samsung Electronics, Korea
5.98. Sang Bo Corporation (SBK), Korea
5.99. SES Research, USA
5.100. Shenzhen Nanotechnologies Co. Ltd. (NTP)
5.101. Showa Denko Carbon, Inc. (SDK), USA
5.102. ST Microelectronics, Switzerland
5.103. SouthWest NanoTechnologies (SWeNT), USA
5.104. Sunchon National University, Korea
5.105. Sungkyunkwan University Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Korea
5.106. Sun Nanotech Co, Ltd., China
5.107. Surrey NanoSystems, UK
5.108. Thomas Swan & Co. Ltd., UK
5.109. Toray Industries, Japan
5.110. Tsinghua University, China
5.111. Unidym, Inc., USA
5.112. University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
5.113. University of California, San Diego, USA
5.114. University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), USA
5.115. University of Central Florida, USA
5.116. University of Cincinnati (UC), USA
5.117. University of Manchester, UK
5.118. University of Michigan, USA
5.119. University of Pittsburgh, USA
5.120. University of Southern California (USC), USA
5.121. University of Stanford, USA
5.122. University of Stuttgart, Germany
5.123. University of Surrey, UK
5.124. University of Texas at Austin, USA
5.125. University of Texas at Dallas, USA
5.126. University of Tokyo, Japan
5.127. University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
5.128. Vorbeck Materials Corp, USA
5.129. Wisepower Co., Ltd., Korea
5.130. XG Sciences, USA
5.131. XinNano Materials, Inc., Taiwan
5.132. Xolve
5.133. XP Nano Material
5.134. Y-Carbon
5.135. Zoz GmbH, Germany
5.136. Zyvex, Inc., USA

6. NETWORK PROFILES

6.1. CONTACT
6.2. Inno.CNT
6.3. National Technology Research Association (NTRA)
6.4. TRAMS - Tera-scale reliable Adaptive Memory Systems

7. FORECASTS AND COSTS

7.1. Market Opportunity and roadmap for Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene
7.2. Costs comparison
7.3. New focus for Printed Electronics - the importance of flexible electronics
7.4. Focus on invisible electronics
7.5. Shakeout in organics
7.6. Market pull

APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY

APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

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