The World Market for Microgrids

Date: February 1, 2011
Pages: 158
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Publisher: SBI
Report type: Strategic Report
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The World Market for Microgrids
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Microgrids, also referred to as minigrids, off-grids and remote electrification grids are a smaller version of the traditional electrical grid or the newer digitized smart grid. A large variety of microgrid types exist: smart microgrids, islanded or decentralized microgrids, hybrid microgrids and rudimentary microgrids, to name a few. Microgrid installations around the world include everything from diesel generator-based rural electrification projects supplying electricity to small remote villages to large, futuristic cities and theme parks powered by multiple forms of renewable energy and using the newest microgrid technologies.

In 2010 the world market for microgrids reached $4.14 billion, up significantly from 2009. This exciting growth is expected to continue at least through the year 2020. The market segment for institutional and campus microgrids, claiming nearly 45% of total market share in 2010, is expected to cede some of its ownership by 2020 to the commercial and industry microgrid sector, as well as to military and off-grid microgrid types. In 2010, North America staked a near 74% of total microgrid market share; by 2020 it is expected the microgrid pie will be slightly more evenly distributed among the regions of the world.

The emerging microgrid market is in an advantageous position, being cradled by other growing, and some flourishing, industries. Microgrids are riding the waves of the expanding solar power industry, smart grid market and the multifaceted renewable energy market. Simultaneously, microgrids are inspiring growth in related energy markets such as energy storage and inverter technology. Positioned amid such bustling markets benefits the microgrid market with increased security, research support and interest from a large number of invested individuals across many occupations.

Government interest in microgrids is increasing, especially in the United States, as energy security becomes high priority. Microgrids are ideal for military bases, where soldier safety is often compromised by power outages and fuel delivery—both problems easily diminished with the use of microgrids.

Over the past decade, significant obstacles have stood in the way of microgrid growth. As with many emerging industries, especially those that are energy-related, having established policies and a solid regulatory base in place are necessary for market growth to reach its potential. Although slow to be implemented, microgrid guidelines are being established by government bodies and other organizations with investments in microgrid technologies. Success in the microgrid industry has also been contingent on some less than perfect technologies. These technological setbacks to market growth are quickly showing signs of dissipating, however, as universities and other research centers around the world develop methods and technologies to improve microgrid schemes.

The World Market for Microgrids contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends, regulations, politics, new technologies, jobs and economic and geographic factors affecting the size and direction of microgrid market growth around the world. Profiles of more than 15 major, or simply interesting, companies involved in the microgrid market are also included.
CHAPTER 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Market Scope

Report Methodology

Microgrid Market Overview

Microgrid Types

Microgrid Components and Energy Generating Options

Market Size and Growth

Global Microgrid Market Reaches $4.14 Billion in 2010

Figure 1-1: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 1-2: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Global Microgrid Market to Reach $14.92 Billion by 2020

Figure 1-3: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 1-4: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Institutional and Campus Segment Provides 1.93 GW in 2020

Figure 1-5: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 1-6: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

North America Dominates Microgrid Market

Figure 1-7: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2010

Factors in Market Size and Growth

Aging Electricity Infrastructures Around the World

Policies and Regulations Needed To Limber Up Microgrid Market

Energy Demand Increasing

Government Grants and Incentives Have Significant Impact on Market Growth

U.S. Military Interest in Microgrids High

Universities Aid in Much Needed Microgrid R&D

Technological Innovations and Schemes

Lockheed Martin to Create ‘HI Power’ Microgrid

Paladin® SmartGrid™ Software Platform

EDSA’s EPAG Data Integration Platform

Microgrids Around the Globe

China and U.S. Together Consume 40% of the World’s Energy

Figure 1-8: Energy Consumption: United States, China and India, Percentage of World Total, 1990-2035

Electricity Consumption Worldwide

Figure 1-9: World Electricity Consumption, 2000-2008 (in Billion KW Hours)

IEA Electrifies World with Aid of Microgrids

Electricity Infrastructure Overview in North America

Figure 1-10: North America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Clean Energy in North America

CERTS Microgrid Concept

California Pioneering in Microgrids

Twentynine Palms to Incorporate Microgrids

Employment Opportunities

Wide Variety of Jobs Within the Microgrid Market

Growth in the Microgrid Job Sector

Figure 1-11: Microgrid Employment, Number of Jobs, 2006-2030

Microgrid-related Job Earnings

Table 1-1: Selected Microgrid-related Occupational Earnings and Required Education, 2010

CHAPTER 2: MICROGRID MARKET OVERVIEW

Microgrid Definition

Microgrid Types

Institutional/Campus Microgrids

Commercial/Industrial Microgrids

Community/Utility Microgrids

Military Microgrids

Smart Microgrids

Rudimentary Microgrids

Remote Off-grid Systems/Islanded Microgrids

Grid-connected Microgrids

Microgrid Components

Energy Generating Options

Generators

Fuel Cells

Fossil Fuels

Photovoltaic Sources

Wind Turbines

Microturbines

Marine Energy or Tidal Power

Hydroelectric Power

Geothermal Power

Biomass Power

Mini Nuclear Plants

Energy Storage Options

Batteries

Flywheels

Superconducting Magnetic Energy

Supercapacitators

Regenerative Fuel Cells

Compressed Air

Load Systems

Inverters

Smart Meters

Converters

Sensors

Controllers

Regulating and Management Hardware and Software

T&D System Automation

Microgrid Beginnings

Global Regulatory Overview

CHAPTER 3: MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH

Global Microgrid Market Reaches $4.14 Billion in 2010

Figure 3-1: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-2: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Institutional/Campus Microgrids Grow by 53% over 5-Year Span

Figure 3-3: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-4: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Growth for Commercial and Industrial Microgrids Not Lagging

Figure 3-5: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-6: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Community and Utility Segment Reaches $.87 Billion in 2010

Figure 3-7: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-8: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Military Microgrids See 106% Growth in 4-Year Period

Figure 3-9: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Microgrids, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-10: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Remote Off-grid Systems Produced .08 GW in 2010

Figure 3-11: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Systems, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-12: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)

Global Microgrid Market to Reach $14.92 Billion by 2020

Figure 3-13: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-14: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Institutional and Campus Segment Provides 1.93 GW in 2020

Figure 3-15: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-16: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Commercial/Industrial Segment Reaches $4.62 Billion by 2020

Figure 3-17: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-18: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Community and Utility Microgrids Claim $2.76 Billion in 2020

Figure 3-19: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-20: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Military Segment Projected to Reach $.81 Billion in 2015

Figure 3-21: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-22: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Remote Off-grid Systems Expected to See Grandiose Growth

Figure 3-23: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)

Figure 3-24: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)

Microgrid Market Dominated by Institutional/Campus Segment

Figure 3-25: Microgrid Share in Billion Dollars, by Segment Type, 2006-2020

Figure 3-26: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Segment Type, 2006

Figure 3-27: Projected Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Segment Type, 2020

North America Dominates Microgrid Market

Figure 3-28: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2010

Figure 3-29: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2020

Potential Growth of Global Microgrid Market Virtually Huge

CHAPTER 4: FACTORS IN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH

Aging Electricity Infrastructures Around the World

Policies and Regulations Needed To Limber Up Microgrid Market

Microgrids Will Help Reduce Power Interruptions

Energy Demand Increasing

Electricity Costs Rising

Energy Efficiency Market Still Gaining Ground Despite Great Recession

Smart Microgrids Help Reduce Energy Consumption

‘Emerging Markets’ May Have Market Advantage

Microgrid Potential to Sell Electricity Back to ‘Macrogrid’

Microgrids Support Demand for Renewable Energy

Stakeholders and Investors See Future in Microgrids

Microgrids Established as Environmentally Friendly

Governments Obsessed with Energy Efficiency

Government Grants and Incentives Have Significant Impact on Market Growth

Missouri Department of Natural Resources Awards $49,095 for Microgrid Grant

New Mexico State University Granted $750,000 for Microgrid Research

Department of Defense Allocated $5M for Microgrid Pilot Program

DOE Offers $3.9 Billion in Smart Grid Stimulus Grants

U.S. Military Interest in Microgrids High

The Military Energy Security Act (HR 5230)

Federal Agencies Required to Have COOPs in Place

Electric Utilities Not Always Supportive of Microgrids

Universities Aid in Much Needed Microgrid R&D

Pennsylvania State University Receives $122 Million for Clean Energy Hub

CERTS Microgrid Test Bed at University of Wisconsin

Drexel University Home to Innovative Microgrid Project

Missouri S&T University Receives $3.45 Million Research Grant from Military

UC San Diego Favors Microgrids

Pareto Energy Partners with Howard University

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Involved in CERTS

National Technical University of Athens Uses MAS Technology

University of Kassel’s Institute for Electrical Energy Technology (IEE)

University of Tokyo

BCIT Campus Microgrid

EU Microgrid Project Aided by Numerous Universities

Countries Join Forces To Share Technologies and Resources

Okinawa and Hawaii Join Forces on Clean Energy Technologies

Japan-U.S. NEDO Joint Project Launched in New Mexico

Showa Shell and Saudi Aramco Plan Microgrid Solar Facilities

Entire Smart Grid Market Exploding

Merrill Lynch Strategist Calls ‘Clean Tech’ the Sixth Revolution

Microgrid Growth Supported by New Energy Storage Technology

Microgrids Not to Replace Central Power Generation: At Least in the Short Term

Decreasing Solar Power Costs Improve Prospects for Microgrids

Providing Seamless Switches between Power Sources Tricky

Cyber Security for Smart Grids Still in Early Stages of Development

Microgrid Growth Will Lead to More Local Decision Making

Microgrid Associated Costs Going Down

Microgrids Help Reduce Some Energy-related Costs

Microgrids Help Strengthen Energy Security

Microgrids Sometimes Incongruent with Land Management Plans

Wal-Mart Goes Micro

Rare Earth Metal Scarcity Does Not Bode Well for Microgrids

New York City Shoots Down Microgrid Proposal

Microgrid Success Stories Ignite Market Interest

Microgrids Ideal for Countries with Developing Electric Infrastructures

Inverter Reliability Improvements Key to Microgrid Growth

Microgrids and Electric Vehicles

Microgrids May Help Guard Against Terrorists’ Attacks

Networking Groups, Research Organizations and Information Hubs

Power Systems Engineering Research Center

Right… OOPS! Smart Grid Interoperability Panel - Cyber Security Working Group

The Galvin Electricity Initiative

NextEnergy’s Microgrid Power Generation Pavilion

NanoMarkets’ SmartGridAnalysis.com

Demand Response and Smart Grid Coalition

Global Intelligent Utility Network Coalition

Workshops, Conferences and Other Events Inspire Microgrid Innovations

Solar Decathlons Open to the Public

CAPS Hosts Event for Advanced Power Systems

GovEnergy Training Workshop and Tradeshow

Smart Grids Summit 2011

Grid ComForum 2010

Asia-Pacific Clean Energy Summit

The Networked Grid 2010

GridWeek 2010 Conference

U.S. Energy Association Holds Microgrid Workshop

Energy Independence and Global Warming Committee Has Microgrid Interests

EMerge Alliance Focuses on Microgrid Platform

CHAPTER 5: TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND SCHEMES

Lockheed Martin to Create ‘HI Power’ Microgrid

Homer Energy’s Homer v2.75

Toshiba’s Lithium-ion Battery

Paladin® SmartGrid™ Software Platform

Portable Miniature Solar/Battery Microgrid Modules

Renewable Energy Powered EMP-protected Microgrids

Naturalwatt MicroGrid Power Station

Lockheed Martin’s Smart Energy Enterprise Suite

EDSA’s EPAG Data Integration Platform

Petra Solar’s New SunWave Smart Energy Module

Ideal Power Converter Develops Compact Efficient Converters

Pennsylvania Incorporates Microgrid into Subway System

ET’s Hybrid Micro Grid Power

Pure Power’s Military-grade Mobile Solar Microgrid™

Viridity Energy’s VPower™ Optimization Software

SkyBuilt Power’s SkyStation Suitable for Microgrids

Nano Battery Storage Technologies

Phasor Measurement Unit Installations

Canadian REV Building Ancillary Power Vehicles for Microgrid Program

Vehicle to Grid Technology

NexTek Technology Simplifies AC/DC Conversion Process

CHAPTER 6: MICROGRIDS AROUND THE GLOBE

World Population

Table 6-1: Projected World Population and Percent Change From Prior Year, 2010-2030

Figure 6-1: Ten Most Populated Countries, Percentage Share, 2010

Figure 6-2: Ten Most Populated Countries, by Percentage Share, 2030

China and U.S. Together Consume 40% of the World’s Energy

Figure 6-3: Energy Consumption: United States, China and India, 1990-2035 (Percentage of World Total)

Electricity Consumption Worldwide

Figure 6-4: World Electricity Consumption, in Billion KW Hours, 2000-2008

Figure 6-5: Ten Largest Consumers of Electricity, 2008

Figure 6-6: Ten Largest Consumers of Electricity, Per Capita, 2006-2007

Electricity in Developed and Developing Countries

IEA Electrifies World with Aid of Microgrids

North America

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-7: North America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected North American Microgrid Ventures

South America and Central America

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-8: Central and South America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected Latin American Microgrid Ventures

Europe

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-9: Europe: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected European Microgrid Ventures

Africa

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-10: Africa: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected Microgrid Ventures

Asia

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-11: Asia: Electricity Consumption and Production, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Table 6-2: Thailand’s Renewable Energy Production Goals from 2009-2022

Selected Microgrid Ventures

Middle East

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-12: Middle East: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected Microgrid Ventures

Australia and Oceania

Electricity Infrastructure Overview

Figure 6-13: Australia and Oceania: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)

Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth

Selected Microgrid Ventures

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