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Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

November 2013 | | ID: T0D64841B5B1EN
BuddeComm

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Turkey on the cusp of LTETurkey possesses a significant telecommunications market region due to its large population, which is characterised as young, increasingly urbanised and technically literate. Its developing economy has been shaped by the EU accession process.

Despite liberalisation, Turk Telekom maintains a near monopoly of the fixed market. Competition is increasing due to an improved regulatory regime for network access that includes Wholesale Line Rental (WLR) and naked DSL.

Broadband services are widely available in Turkey, with competition predominantly infrastructure based. Mobile broadband has emerged as the most popular broadband platform. ADSL continues to represent the majority of fixed broadband subscriptions due to the reach of Turk Telekom’s copper network.

Recognising the potential of applying ICT to improve both social and economic development, Turkey has taken steps to develop a digital economy, encompassing e-commerce, e-government, e-health and e-education. The large potential online market has attracted international significant investment from multinational retailers and private equity firms.

Mobile penetration has reached levels indicative of a mature market. Healthy infrastructure-based competition exists between Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea that have built GSM/HSPA networks. LTE technology has been trialled by the operators and during 2013 the Turkish government awarded a contract to build a LTE network for civilian and military use.

Key telecom parameters – 2013; 2014
Sector | 2013 | 2014 |
Subscribers to telecoms services (million): |
Broadband | 21.0 | 22.0 |
Fixed-line telephony | 14.0 | 14.1 |
Mobile phone | 68.3 | 69.0 | (Source: BuddeComm)

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year
1. KEY STATISTICS

1.1 Country overview

2. TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

2.1 Overview of Turkey’s telecom market

3. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

3.1 Background
  3.1.1 Electronic Communications Law 2008
3.2 Regulatory authority
  3.2.1 Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
3.4 Privatisation
  3.4.1 The 2005 privatisation
  3.4.2 Privatisation background
3.5 Interconnect
3.6 Access
3.7 Number portability
3.8 Universal services

4. FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS

4.1 Overview
4.2 Turk Telekom
4.3 Turksat
4.4 Superonline

5. TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

5.1 National telecom network
5.2 International infrastructure
  5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
  5.2.2 Terrestrial cable networks
  5.2.3 Satellite networks

6. BROADBAND MARKET

6.1 Overview
6.2 Internet and broadband statistics
6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Lines (ADSL)
6.4 Cable modems
6.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
  6.5.1 Superonline

7. DIGITAL MEDIA / DIGITAL ECONOMY

7.1 Overview
7.2 Services
  7.2.1 E-commerce
  7.2.2 E-government
  7.2.3 E-health
  7.2.4 E-education
  7.2.5 Electronic ID
7.3 Digital broadcasting
  7.3.1 Overview of broadcasting market
  7.3.2 Broadcasting regulation
  7.3.3 Digital TV

8. MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS

8.1 Overview of Turkey’s mobile market
  8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
  8.2.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
  8.2.2 Third and fourth GSM licences
  8.2.3 Significant market power (SMP)
  8.2.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  8.2.5 Telsim privatisation
8.3 Mobile technologies
  8.3.1 Analogue
  8.3.2 Digital
  8.3.3 3G
  8.3.4 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
8.4 Major mobile operators
  8.4.1 Turkcell
  8.4.2 Vodafone (Telsim)
  8.4.3 Avea
8.5 Mobile voice services
  8.5.1 Prepaid
8.6 Mobile data
  8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
  8.6.2 Mobile broadband (Access)
8.7 Mobile content and applications
  8.7.1 Mobile TV
  8.7.2 Mobile advertising
  8.7.3 Mobile payments

9. FORECASTS

9.1 Broadband subscriber forecasts
  9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
  9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
  9.1.3 Notes on scenario forecasts

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 – Country statistics Turkey – 2013
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2013
Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2013
Table 4 – Broadband subscriber statistics – June 2013
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2013
Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
Table 7 – GDP growth and inflation – 2005 - 2015
Table 8 – Turk Telekom – Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 - 2013
Table 9 – Turk Telekom – Fixed-line revenue, EBITDA and PSTN ARPU – 2007 - 2013
Table 10 – Turk Telekom – Fixed ARPU – 2011 - 2013
Table 11 – Superonline financial data – 2009 - 2013
Table 12 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 - 2013
Table 13 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators – 2011 - 2013
Table 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2014
Table 15 – Internet user and penetration rate – 1998 - 2014
Table 16 – Broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2013
Table 17 – Broadband subscribers by access technology – 2004 - 2013
Table 18 – ISP market share – June 2013
Table 19 – Fixed Broadband subscriptions by speed – June 2013
Table 20 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2010 - 2013
Table 21 – International Internet Bandwidth – 2003 - 2012
Table 22 – Turk Telekom ADSL ARPU – 2007 - 2013
Table 23 – Superonline FttX homes passed and subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 24 – TV audience share by channel – January - June 2013
Table 25 – TV advertising revenue – 2009 - 2013
Table 26 – Cable TV subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 27 – D-Smart pay TV subscribers – 2007 – 2013
Table 28 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 29 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
Table 30 – 2G and 3G subscribers – 2009 – 2013
Table 31 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2013
Table 32 – Mobile subscribers by operator – 2007 - 2013
Table 33 – Mobile operators’ market share – 2007 - 2013
Table 34 – Mobile Telecom revenue and investment – 2004 - 2012
Table 35 – ARPU levels per operator – 2011 - 2013
Table 36 – Mobile revenue per service type per operator – March – June 2013
Table 37 – Turkcell group financial data – 2005 - 2013
Table 38 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly ARPU – pre and postpaid – 2001 - 2013
Table 39 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn – 2001 - 2013
Table 40 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2013
Table 41 – Vodafone Turkey financial data – 2008 - 2012
Table 42 – Vodafone pre and postpaid ARPU – 2006 - 2013
Table 43 – Vodafone smartphone penetration – 2011 - 2013
Table 44 – Avea revenue and EBITDA – 2007 - 2013
Table 45 – Avea prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU – 2007 - 2013
Table 46 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2013
Table 47 – Turkcell prepaid subscribers – 2001 - 2013
Table 48 – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2006 - 2013
Table 49 – Avea prepaid subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 50 – Numbers of SMS and MMS sent – 2004 - 2012
Table 51 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 52 – Mobile Internet subscribers and usage – 2010 - 2013
Table 53 – Turkcell mobile broadband revenue – 2010 - 2013
Table 54 – Vodafone data usage – 2012 – 2013
Table 55 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2014; 2019; 2024
Table 56 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario – 2014; 2019; 2024
Chart 1 – Turkey fixed-line and mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2014

Turkey possesses a significant telecommunications market region due to its large population, which is characterised as young, increasingly urbanised and technically literate. Its developing economy has been shaped by the EU accession process.

Despite liberalisation, Turk Telekom maintains a near monopoly of the fixed market. Competition is increasing due to an improved regulatory regime for network access that includes Wholesale Line Rental (WLR) and naked DSL.

Broadband services are widely available in Turkey, with competition predominantly infrastructure based. Mobile broadband has emerged as the most popular broadband platform. ADSL continues to represent the majority of fixed broadband subscriptions due to the reach of Turk Telekom’s copper network.

Recognising the potential of applying ICT to improve both social and economic development, Turkey has taken steps to develop a digital economy, encompassing e-commerce, e-government, e-health and e-education. The large potential online market has attracted international significant investment from multinational retailers and private equity firms.

Mobile penetration has reached levels indicative of a mature market. Healthy infrastructure-based competition exists between Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea that have built GSM/HSPA networks. LTE technology has been trialled by the operators and during 2013 the Turkish government awarded a contract to build a LTE network for civilian and military use.



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