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Cuba - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

March 2021 | 62 pages | ID: CC55D8425ECCEN
BuddeComm

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The Cuba - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses report includes all relevant BuddeComm research data and analysis. Covering trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet, broadband, infrastructure and regulation. Please review the Executive Summary and Table of Contents for more details.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

All districts of Havana province to have internet access by end-2021

Cuba's telecom sector remains a peculiarity, with state control having stymied rather than promoted the development of all sectors. The country has the lowest mobile phone and internet penetration rates in the region, while fixed-line teledensity is also very low. Fixed-line and mobile services remain a monopoly of the government-controlled Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (ETESCA Cubacel).

Although there are still state restrictions over the right to own and use certain communications services, a thawing of relations between the US and Cuba has encouraged the government to improve access to services. Since 2015 Wi-Fi hotspots have been put in a number of places and since 2019, Cuba's Ministry of Communications (Mincom) has allowed individuals to create small private not-for-profit Wi-Fi networks and to import cokecommunications equipment.

Access to sites is also tightly controlled and censored. A DSL service was launched in March 2017 in areas of Havana and has since been expanded though costs have been set too high for most Cubans able to access the service. However, in 2019 Google and ETECSA signed an agreement to improve access for Cuba's internet users by setting up a cost-free and direct connection between their respective networks.

Similarly, LTE services have been launched, with over 473 LTE base stations having been built across the island by the end of 2019. The mobile user base has grown to over six million, 70% of which are smartphone users.

Key developments:
  • ETECSA widens LTE service reach, plans to connect all districts of Havana to internet services by end-2021;
  • FCC blocks application by ARCOS-1 and ASN to modify cable landing licence to include a landing point in Cuba;
  • Cuba reports having an estimated eight million telephone lines, the majority mobile;
  • Mincom approves legislation allowing individuals to create small private not-for-profit Wi-Fi networks;
  • Report update includes ITU data for 2019, recent market developments.
Companies mentioned in this report:

Empresa de Telecomunicaciones del Cuba (ETESCA), Google, Orange, Telecom Italia, Ericsson, ARCOS-1 USA, A.SurNet, Columbus Networks (CNL)
1 KEY STATISTICS

2 COUNTRY OVERVIEW

3 COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TELECOM SECTOR

3.1 Economic considerations and responses
3.2 Subscribers
3.3 Infrastructure

4 TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET

4.1 Market analysis

5 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

6 MOBILE MARKET

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Mobile statistics
6.3 Mobile infrastructure
6.4 Mobile broadband
6.5 Major mobile operator

7 BROADBAND MARKET

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Broadband statistics
7.3 DSL
7.4 Wi-Fi

8 TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

8.1 National telecom network
8.2 International infrastructure

9 FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR

9.1 Empresa de Telecomunicaciones del Cuba (ETESCA)

10 APPENDIX HISTORIC DATA

11 GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

12 RELATED REPORTS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities Cuba 2020 (e)
Table 2 Evolution of GDP in Cuba 2010 2020
Table 3 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 4 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2018 2026
Table 5 Internet users and penetration rate 2011 2021
Table 6 Household internet and computer penetration 2011 2020
Table 7 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011 2026
Table 8 Growth in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Table 9 International bandwidth 2011 2020
Table 10 Historic Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002 2010
Table 11 Historic - International bandwidth 2003 2010
Table 12 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 2000 2010
Table 13 Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2007 2010
Table 14 Historic - Household internet and computer penetration 2007 2010
Table 15 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2000 2010
Chart 1 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 2 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2018 2026
Chart 3 Internet users and penetration rate 2011 2021
Chart 4 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers 2011 2026
Chart 5 Growth in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Exhibit 1 Submarine cables with landing points in Cuba
Exhibit 2 Submarine cable network connects Cuba and Venezuela


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