Energy Harvesting: Off-Grid Microwatt to Megawatt 2017-2027

Date: July 1, 2016
Pages: 156
Price:
US$ 5,475.00
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Publisher: IDTechEx Ltd
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF)
ID: EAB6F7FDDC9EN
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Energy Harvesting: Off-Grid Microwatt to Megawatt 2017-2027
This unique report of detailed analysis is easily grasped because many new infographics and forecasts are presented. No other analysis looks at the complete picture from microwatts for autonomous sensors to megawatts off grid for community power. The executive summary and conclusions appraises the results of the intense global travel schedule of the PhD level analyst team researching the subject in 2016 with ongoing updates. Extensive interviews were carried out in various languages plus global conference attendance and assessment of privileged information from the IDTechEx events on the subject. IDTechEx analysts have studied energy harvesting for 15 years and have seen the trends.

The report has an introduction looking critically at the successes and failures, the overall situation and the companies and universities involved. An extensive chapter on applications reveals how an aircraft or a house for example, has need of energy harvesting producing a whisper of electricity for small electronic devices such as MEMS up to large power levels for moving, cooking, heating etc. The commonality is revealed by the technologies and companies involved. We consider the four leading technologies - electrodynamics, photovoltaics, piezoelectrics and thermoelectrics - forecasting them by numbers and market value to 2027. The report explains how curiosities such as electret, capacitive, triboelectric and magnetostriction forms of EH now looks good in trials for many uses.

'Energy Harvesting: Off-grid Microwatt to Megawatt 2017-2027' predicts winners and losers in applications and technologies for EH and lists many companies involved with critical assessment of where the billion dollar business will emerge and what are the dead ends. What EH will be adopted in for wearable technology? Why are the Internet of Things, microgrids, Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIV and other emerging hot topics impacted? How is multimode energy harvesting and energy harvesting without energy storage progressing? What hope is there of avoiding the many toxic materials involved in EH? What EH is powered by legal push and what is reverting back to batteries? What are the radically new forms of photovoltaics and electrodynamics all about such as solar roads and Airborne Wind Energy AWE? It is all here, replete with examples and simple explanations.

There are huge opportunities for materials companies in all this, from inorganics to composites and organics as we move to structural electronics - a materials play - instead of 'components in a box'. The report explains how, why, where and when.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

1.1. Definition
1.2. Features of EH
1.3. Low power vs high power off-grid
1.4. Types of EH energy source
1.5. Ford and EPA assessment of regeneration potential in a car
1.6. Candidates for EH by power
1.7. EH transducer options compared
1.8. Energy storage technologies in comparison
1.9. EH system architecture
1.10. Energy Harvesting Maturity
1.11. Market forecasts 2017-2027
  1.11.1. Global market for energy harvesting transducers (units million) 2016-2027 rounded
  1.11.2. Global market for energy harvesting transducers (unit price dollars) 2016-2027
  1.11.3. Global market for energy harvesting transducers (market value billion dollars) 2016-2027 rounded

2. INTRODUCTION

2.1. Popularity 2015-2025
2.2. Market drivers
2.3. History of energy harvesting
2.4. Problems that are opportunities

3. APPLICATIONS NOW AND IN FUTURE

3.1. Introduction
  3.1.1. Energy harvesting is an immature industry
  3.1.2. IFEVS EIV self-powers travel, oven, lighting
3.2. Where is EH used in general?
  3.2.1. Examples of energy harvesting by power level
  3.2.2. Hype and success: applications
  3.2.3. Some EH applications by location
  3.2.4. Power needs of electronic and electrical products
3.3. Regional differences
3.4. EH is sometimes introduced then abandoned
3.5. Building control, BIPV, IOT for communities, local grid
  3.5.1. Introduction
  3.5.2. Building controls: EnOcean
  3.5.3. Building integrated photovoltaics BIPV
  3.5.4. In communities: IOT
  3.5.5. In communities: microgrid
3.6. Uses in vehicles
  3.6.1. Land water and air: low to high power
  3.6.2. EV end game: Energy Independent Vehicles EIV
  3.6.3. Immortus Australia
  3.6.4. MARS UK 7kph solar unlimited or sail autonomous
  3.6.5. EIV operational choices
  3.6.6. Key EIV technologies
  3.6.7. EIVs - more than adding something to a vehicle
  3.6.8. New EIVs are being announced all the time
  3.6.9. Stella Lux passenger car Netherlands
  3.6.10. Resolution and EVA solar racers University of Cambridge, UK
  3.6.11. Vinerobot micro EIV
  3.6.12. Extreme lightweighting: Solar Ship EIV inflatable fixed wing aircraft Canada Autonomous, sun alone
  3.6.13. Northrop Grumman surveillance airship up for 10 years $917 million
3.7. Transitional options to EIV
3.8. Manufacturers

4. TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS

4.1. Overview
4.2. Comparison of options
  4.2.1. Intermittent power generated
  4.2.2. Roadmap for low power EH: Bosch
  4.2.3. EH transducer options compared
  4.2.4. Potential efficiency
  4.2.5. Hype and success - technology
  4.2.6. Parameters
4.3. Multi-modal harvesting today
  4.3.1. Evolution of multi-modal EH
  4.3.2. Integrated multi-modal: European Commission Powerweave project etc
  4.3.3. Multimode harvesting even in woven fibers: Hybrid piezo photovoltaic material
  4.3.4. Harvest energy from sun, wind, rain, tides
  4.3.5. Applications

5. TECHNOLOGY: ELECTRODYNAMIC

5.1. Overview
5.2. Choices of rotating electrical machine technology
5.3. Airborne Wind Energy AWE
  5.3.1. TwingTec Switzerland 10 kW+, Ampyx Power
  5.3.2. Google Makhani AWE 600kW trial, Enerkite
5.4. Typical powertrain components and regenerative braking
5.5. Trend to integration in vehicles
5.6. Human-powered electrodynamic harvesting
  5.6.1. Knee Power
5.7. Electrodynamic vibration energy harvesting
  5.7.1. Overview
  5.7.2. Typical vibration sources encountered
5.8. Electrodynamic regenerative shock absorbers and self-powered active suspension
5.9. Flywheel KERS vs motor regen. braking
5.10. 3D and 6D movement
5.11. Next generation motor generators, turbine EH in vehicles

6. TECHNOLOGY: PHOTOVOLTAICS

6.1. Overview
6.2. pn junction vs alternatives
6.3. Wafer vs thin film
6.4. Important photovoltaic parameters
6.5. Some choices beyond silicon compared
6.6. Tightly rollable, foldable, stretchable PV will come
6.7. OPV

7. TECHNOLOGY: THERMOELECTRICS

7.1. Overview
7.2. Basis and fabrication of thermoelectric generators TEG
7.3. Choice of active materials
7.4. Benefits of Thin Film TE
  7.4.1. Skutterudite
7.5. TEG systems
7.6. Automotive TEG
7.7. Powering sensor transceivers on bus bars and hot pipes
7.8. High power thermoelectrics: tens of watts
  7.8.1. Powerpot TE phone charger for camping
7.9. High power thermoelectrics: kilowatt

8. TECHNOLOGY: PIEZOELECTRICS

8.1. Overview
  8.1.1. Much piezo research but few successful applications: sample of developers and researchers
8.2. Active materials
  8.2.1. Overview
  8.2.2. Exceptional piezo performance announced 2016
8.3. Piezo Effect - Direct
8.4. Piezo Effect - Converse
8.5. Piezo options compared
8.6. Piezo in cars - potential
8.7. Piezo EH powered tyre sensor
8.8. Piezo EH in helicopter
8.9. Consumer Electronics
8.10. Benefits of Thin Film
8.11. Benefits of elastomer: KAIST Korea
8.12. Vibration energy harvester (Joule Thief)
8.13. Challenges with high power piezoelectrics

9. CAPACITIVE ELECTROSTATIC

9.1. Principle
9.2. Interdigitated to elastomer
9.3. Capacitive flexible
9.4. MEMS Electrostatic Scavengers

10. MAGNETOSTRICTIVE, TRIBOELECTRIC, MICROBIAL, NANTENNA

10.1. Magnetostrictive
10.2. Triboelectric
10.3. Microbial fuel cells
10.4. Nantenna-diode
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