The Natural Gas Power Generation Technologies Market Outlook: Market overview, capacity, generation, new developments and the future outlook

Date: August 22, 2010
Pages: 117
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US$ 2,875.00
Publisher: Business Insights
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF)
ID: NA954977040EN
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The Natural Gas Power Generation Technologies Market Outlook: Market overview, capacity, generation, new developments and the future outlook
Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel, therefore being highly preferred for electricity generation across the globe. The carbon emissions by natural gas are almost half when compared to coal. The use of natural gas for world electricity generation has grown at CAGR of 6.2% from 2002-07, highest among all fossil fuels. Current natural gas-based power generation technologies are capable to deliver better efficiencies as compared to coal based power generation technologies. Natural gas-based power generation technologies are available to cater range of power generation requirements including different loads (intermediate and peak) and different usages (stationary, backup, and distributed).

Natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) is the most prominent natural gas-based power generation technology. It is capable to deliver a net operating efficiency close to 60%. There are more than 1,000 NGCC plants operating across globe and leading NGCC manufacturers are developing the next generation NGCC technology capable to deliver the net operating efficiency of more than 60%. Natural gas fuel cell (NGFC) is an upcoming technology and mostly being implemented in portable and non-stationary usages. NGFC for stationary use is expensive as the installation cost ranges from $7,000-8,000 per kW.

The report provides insight on natural gas-based power generation technologies, recent developments and outlook. The report also highlights the use of natural gas as electricity source in major economies.

Key features of this report
  • Overview of the global natural gas market with proved reserves, production, consumption and trade.
  • Prominent natural gas-based power generation technologies, development, and outlook.
  • Key players, drivers, and resistors for natural gas power generation technologies.
  • Introduction to upcoming and hybrid natural gas based power generation technologies and outlook.
  • Current electricity generation scenario of major economies highlighting the growth potential of natural gas as electricity source.
Scope of this report
  • Achieve a quick and understanding of how the global natural gas market is growing.
  • Attain a comprehensive understanding of prominent natural gas-based power generation technologies with respect to their driver, resistor, efficiency, and economics.
  • Understand the current developments taking place in natural gas-based power generation technologies and their outlook.
  • Increase awareness of the upcoming and hybrid natural gas-based power generation technologies along with their outlook.
  • Understand the role of natural gas in electricity generation in world’s major economies.
Key Market Issues
  • High natural gas prices: Natural gas prices are relatively high and more volatile compared to coal which resist natural gas-based power generation to a large extent.
  • Finite and concentrate reserves: Globally proved natural gas reserves are limited and highly concentrated. The users of natural gas are therefore significantly influenced by the proximity of reserves, distant users have to incur substantial transportation cost.
  • Complex delivery process: Natural gas is delivered either by pipeline or in LNG (Liquefied natural gas) form. Both the delivery processes are either costly or complex in nature which discourages natural gas buyers.
  • Not suitable for base load: Natural gas-based power generation technologies are not suitable for base loads power generation due to their overall high cost of electricity generation as compared to coal and nuclear.
Key findings from this report
  • Natural gas-based power generation accounted for 21% of the global electricity generation in 2007. World natural gas-based power generation grew at CAGR of 6.2% during 2002-07, highest among all fossil fuels.
  • Concern relating to the effects of global warming is driving nations to look for cleaner sources of energy. Natural gas, being the cleanest fossil fuel, possesses the potential to become a “bridge-fuel” for global economies as they transit from fossil fuels to green power sources.
  • Natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) is the most prominent natural gas-based power generation technology with close to 60% net operating efficiency, the leading manufacturers of NGCC plans to offer the next generation NGCC systems delivering above 60% net operating efficiency in coming 2-3 years.
  • NGCC is expected to account for 35% of the total fossil fuel power plant installations till 2020. However post 2020, It may face competition from similar concept technologies based on other fuels such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Integrated Biomass Gasification Combined Cycle (IBGCC).
Key questions answered
  • What are the drivers for natural gas-based power generation?
  • What are the prominent natural gas-based power generation technologies in operation?
  • What are the technological developments taking place in natural gas-based power generation?
  • What is the outlook for natural gas-based power generation?
  • What are the upcoming and hybrid natural gas-based power generation technologies?
  • Who are the major players in natural gas-based power generation equipment manufacturing?
  • What is the role of natural gas in power generation in major economies?

Executive summary
Natural gas market overview
Natural gas for power generation
Electricity generation in major economies
Natural gas-fired steam and gas turbines
Natural gas combined cycle
Fuel cells
Outlook for natural gas-based power generation technologies

CHAPTER 1 NATURAL GAS MARKET OVERVIEW

Summary
Overview of the global natural gas market
Introduction
Natural gas reserves
Natural gas production
Natural gas consumption
Natural gas and LNG
Natural gas trade movements (LNG vs. pipeline gas)

CHAPTER 2 NATURAL GAS FOR POWER GENERATION

Summary
Introduction
Installed capacity and growth
Drivers for natural-gas based electricity generation
Cleanest burning-fossil fuel
Less capital-intensive
Offers high energy efficiencies
Most suitable for intermediate and peak load power supplies
The potential of natural gas increases with technological innovation
Resistors
Expensive electricity source compared to coal
Natural gas is finite and concentrated
Complex delivery process
Introduction to natural gas-based power generation technologies

CHAPTER 3 ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN MAJOR ECONOMIES

Summary
Electricity generation in the US
Electricity generation in Germany
Electricity generation in the UK
Electricity generation in Japan
Electricity generation in China
Electricity generation in Russia
Electricity generation in India

CHAPTER 4 NATURAL GAS-FIRED STEAM AND GAS TURBINES

Summary
Natural gas-fired steam turbine
Overview
Current scenario
Key players
Drivers for natural gas-fired steam turbine
Resistors for natural gas-fired steam turbine
Economics
Natural gas turbines
Overview
Current scenario
Ordered capacity for open cycle systems
Africa and the Middle East
Europe
North America
Central and South America
Asia Pacific
Key players
Drivers for natural gas turbines
Resistors for natural gas turbines
Technological developments
Economics
Outlook for open cycle systems

CHAPTER 5 NATURAL GAS COMBINED CYCLE

Summary
Overview
Current scenario
Ordered capacity for NGCC systems
Europe
Africa and the Middle East
Asia Pacific
North America
Key players
Drivers of natural gas combined cycle plants
Highest efficiency among other natural gas-based power generation technologies
Low cost electricity generation
Cleanest natural gas-based power generation technology
Resistors of natural gas combined cycle plants
High installation cost
Technological developments
Economics
Outlook for NGCC

CHAPTER 6 FUEL CELLS

Summary
Overview
Fuel cell technologies
Alkaline Fuel Cell
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC)
Proton-Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC)
Solid Electrolyte Fuel Cell
Current scenario for natural gas fuel cells
Key players
Drivers of the natural gas fuel cell
Cleanest among all other natural gas-based electricity generation technologies
NGFC Offers high electricity efficiency
NGFC highly suitable technology for distributed and backup power generation
Resistors of natural gas fuel cells
High installation costs
Future prospects for fuel cells lean towards non-stationary power generation
Economics
Outlook for fuel cells

CHAPTER 7 OUTLOOK FOR NATURAL GAS-BASED POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES

Summary
Electricity generation outlook
Outlook for natural gas-based power generation technologies
Outlook for global electricity generation
Glossary

TABLE OF FIGURES

Figure 1: World natural gas proven reserves 1999–2009 (tcm), 2010
Figure 2: Proven natural gas reserves by region 2009 (%), 2010
Figure 3: Additions of proven natural gas reserves 1999–2009 (tcm), 2010
Figure 4: World natural gas production 1999–2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 5: Natural gas production by region 2009 (%), 2010
Figure 6: World natural gas consumption 1999–2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 7: Natural gas production and consumption by region 2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 8: Top 15 LNG importers by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 9: Top 15 LNG exporters by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 10: Top 15 pipeline gas importers by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 11: Top 15 pipeline gas exporters by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Figure 12: World electricity production by fuel 2002–07 (TWh), 2009
Figure 13: LNG transportation process
Figure 14: Coal transportation process
Figure 15: US electricity generation by fuel 1999–2009 (TWh), 2010
Figure 16: Gross electricity generation in Germany 2004–08 (TWh), 2009
Figure 17: UK electricity generation by fuel 2004–08 (TWh), 2009
Figure 18: Japan electricity generation by sources 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Figure 19: China electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Figure 20: Russia electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Figure 21: India electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Figure 22: Block diagram of natural gas-fired steam turbine
Figure 23: Block diagram of open cycle gas turbine
Figure 24: Open cycle system orders placed by Africa and the Middle East 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 25: Open cycle system orders placed by Europe 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 26: Open cycle system orders placed by North America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 27: Open cycle system orders placed by Central & South America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 28: Open cycle system orders placed by Asia Pacific 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 29: Working principal for NGCC plant
Figure 30: US New installations of OCGT and NGCC 2000–10, 2010
Figure 31: Top 10 NGCC system orders placed by Europe 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 32: NGCC system orders placed by Africa and the Middle East 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 33: NGCC system orders placed by Asia Pacific 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 34: NGCC system orders placed by North America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 35: Efficiency by gas technologies (%)
Figure 36: Block diagram of natural gas fuel cell
Figure 37: Global installation of fuel cells by application until 2009 (%)
Figure 38: Efficiency by technologies (%)
Figure 39: World electricity generation forecast by fuel 2007–35 ('000 TWh), 2007

TABLE OF TABLES

Table 1: World natural gas proven reserves 1999–2009 (tcm), 2010
Table 2: Proven natural gas reserves by region 2009 (tcm), 2010
Table 3: Additions of proven natural gas reserves 1999–2009 (tcm), 2010
Table 4: World natural gas production 1999–2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 5: Natural gas production by region 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 6: World natural gas consumption 1999–2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 7: Natural gas production and consumption by region 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 8: Top 15 LNG importers by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 9: Top 15 LNG exporters by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 10: Top 15 pipeline gas importers by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 11: Top 15 pipeline gas exporters by volume 2009 (bcm), 2010
Table 12: World electricity production by fuel 2002–07 (TWh), 2009
Table 13: Fossil fuel emission levels – pounds per billion Btu of energy input
Table 14: Estimated construction cost 2010–15 (US$/kW), 2010
Table 15: Heat of combustion (Btu/lb)
Table 16: US electricity generation by fuel 1999–2009 (TWh), 2010
Table 17: Gross electricity generation in Germany 2004–08 (TWh), 2009
Table 18: UK electricity generation by fuel 2004–08 (TWh), 2009
Table 19: Japan electricity generation by sources (bn kWh), 2000–07
Table 20: China electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Table 21: Russia electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Table 22: India electricity generation by fuels 2000–07 (bn kWh)
Table 23: Open cycle system orders placed by Africa and the Middle East 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 24: Open cycle system orders placed by Europe 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 25: Open cycle system orders placed by North America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 26: Open cycle system orders placed by Central & South America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 27: Open cycle system orders placed by Asia Pacific 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 28: Select NGCC plants installation
Table 29: NGCC system orders placed by Europe 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 30: NGCC system orders placed by Africa and the Middle East 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 31: NGCC system orders placed by North America 2008 and 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 32: Key players in NGCC system
Table 33: Efficiency by gas technologies (%), 2008
Table 34: Cost of electricity generation by technology, 2010
Table 35: Emission by technology, 2010
Table 36: Key manufacturers developing high firing temperature gas turbines
Table 37: Types of fuel cell technologies
Table 38: Example of operational fuel cell power projects
Table 39: Global installation of fuel cells by application until 2009 (%)
Table 40: Key players in natural gas fuel cell
Table 41: Emissions by technologies
Table 42: Efficiency by technologies (%)
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China ocean energy power generation market analysis US$ 498.00 Apr, 2010 · 88 pages

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