Green Energy in China: Renewable Sources, Capacity Growth and the Future Outlook

Date: October 22, 2010
Pages: 124
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US$ 2,875.00
Publisher: Business Insights
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF)
ID: G3205F8B4E3EN
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Green Energy in China: Renewable Sources, Capacity Growth and the Future Outlook
China is one of the fastest growing economies in the Asia-Pacific region. Despite the global economic slowdown in 2008 and 2009, China continued to add new generation capacity to meet the anticipated rise in demand for electricity in the future. Presently, China is the world’s second largest total primary energy consumer, second only to the US. China has also emerged as the largest CO2 emitter in the world. As China’s economy continues to grow, its demand for electricity is anticipated to grow. Hence, China is expected to promote the development of renewable energy technology. The country promotes the development of renewable energy technology via combination of laws, feed-in tariff mechanism, programs, and policies. These encourage the development and utilization of renewables for electricity generation.

This report documents the growth of the Chinese renewable energy market, showing its current status and projecting where it is likely to grow to in the foreseeable future.

This document gathers the statistical data on the different types of energy generation, combines and contrasts them against each other to show the clear leaders, drivers to change and future growth.

Key Features
  • Overview of China’s electricity market with focus on renewable energy. Analysis of energy type volumes, and capacity installed in China.
  • Growth of renewables – installed capacity and generation, government mandates and incentives, and comparative economics.
  • Information and analysis by renewable energy sector – wind, solar, biomass, hydro, and geothermal.
  • Installed capacity and generation, global comparison, key players, economics, drivers, resistors, and outlook for each renewable energy sector.

Key Benefits
  • Achieve a quick and comprehensive understanding of how China’s market trends and legislation are influencing the development of the renewable energy market.
  • Assess the emerging trends in renewable energy technology – wind, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal - capacity and generation.
  • Quantify value and volume growth potential in China’s electricity market and in energy generation technology type.
  • Understand the major issues affecting general electricity market and renewable electricity in particular.
  • Predict the key growth areas in China’s renewable energy industry.

Key findings

China has reportedly succeeded in achieving a net reduction of 600m tons of carbon dioxide annually through the use of renewable energy. China’s share of renewable energy was 8% of its total primary energy consumption in 2009.

China has overtaken Germany in terms of global cumulative installed wind power capacity in 2009. Further, China is increasing its presence in the off-shore wind segment by investing in this sector.

Additional investments through government support aiming at solar power technological advancements would help China achieve 20GW of solar PV installed capacity by 2020 from the current levels of 160MW of annual installed solar PV capacity.

Although growth prospects of biomass power generation exist, China's biomass market is yet to scale up to a commercial level. China is expecting to achieve 30GW of installed biomass capacity by 2020, while improving the process of feedstock collection.

Falling water resource availability and negative impact on environment is likely to limit large hydro power expansion in China beyond 2020. The Chinese government is expected to encourage growth of small hydropower growth as it creates less environmental damage when compared to large hydro.

Key questions answered by this report
  • What are the drivers and resistors shaping and influencing the renewable energy industry in China?
  • How will renewable energy technologies capacity share perform to 2020? What are the opportunities?
  • What is the policy framework governing the renewable energy market?
  • Which renewable energy technology types are likely to grow strongly?
  • What is the potential of various renewable energy technologies?
Disclaimer
Executive summary
Market overview
Wind power
Solar power
Biomass
Hydropower
Geothermal
Future outlook

CHAPTER 1 MARKET OVERVIEW

Summary
Overview of the global electricity market
Overview of China's electricity market
Demand for electricity
Installed generation capacity and generation
China’s primary energy trends
Electricity market structure
Overview of China's renewable energy market
Installed generation capacity and generation
Drivers of renewable energy
Rising carbon emissions
Chinese government mandates and incentives
Modernizing the national grid
Resistors of renewable energy
High cost of technology makes electricity generation using renewables expensive
Price mechanism varies across renewable energy technologies
Unconnected power grid hampers large scale renewable energy integration
Fragmented T&D structure hinders electricity generation via renewables
Delay in project approvals due to bureaucratic procedures
Others
Comparative economics
Global comparison

CHAPTER 2 WIND POWER

Summary
Wind power market overview
Current scenario of the wind power market
Installed generation capacity and generation
China’s wind resources
China’s key offshore wind power construction sites
Global comparison
Key players
Economics
Drivers of wind power
Regulatory framework supports wind power development
Identification of wind power potential to aid further development
The role of economic stimulus
Supportive government policies
Change in Chinese wind turbine’s domestic component manufacturing requirement
Active international presence
Resistors of wind power
Differences in product quality of domestically manufactured wind turbines
Tariff rate differences
Transmission delays
Dependence on imported technologies
Wind power outlook

CHAPTER 3 SOLAR POWER

Summary
Solar power market overview
Current scenario of the solar power market
Installed generation capacity and generation
Global comparison
Key players
Economics
Drivers of solar power
Geographic advantage
Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology to drive solar power growth
Government incentives
Emerging low cost production base
Resistors of solar power
Absence of national level solar PV policy
High dependence on imports threatens the domestic growth of solar PV market
Lack of grid connectivity
Solar power outlook

CHAPTER 4 BIOMASS

Summary
Biomass power market overview
Current scenario of the biomass power market
Installed generation capacity and generation
China’s main biomass feedstock
Global comparison
Key players
Economics
Drivers of biomass
Abundant biomass resource availability
Government support promotes biomass market growth
Direct-fired biomass power generation technology to grow
Growing significance of biofuels
Resistors of biomass
Barriers to co-firing generation
Lack of land availability hinders bio-fuels production
Biomass outlook

CHAPTER 5 HYDROPOWER

Summary
Hydropower market overview
Current scenario of the hydropower market
Installed generation capacity and generation
Global comparison
Key players
Economics
Drivers of hydropower
Abundant resources available
Government incentives and mandates promote small hydropower growth
Resistors of hydropower
Ecological concerns to moderate hydropower growth
High capital intensive
Hydropower outlook

CHAPTER 6 GEOTHERMAL

Summary
Geothermal power market overview
Current scenario of the geothermal power market
Installed generation capacity and generation
Global comparison
Key players
Economics
Drivers of geothermal
Emerging geothermal potential
Resistors of geothermal
Geothermal power outlook

CHAPTER 7 FUTURE OUTLOOK

Summary
Outlook for the Chinese electricity sector
Outlook for renewables
Wind power
Solar power
Biomass
Hydropower
Geothermal
Appendix
Abbreviations
References

TABLE OF FIGURES

Figure 1: World electricity generation 2009 (%), 2010
Figure 2: China’s installed generation capacity 2005–09 (GW), 2010
Figure 3: China's electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010
Figure 4: China's primary energy trends, 2004–08 (10,000 tons of SCE), 2009
Figure 5: China's primary energy production in 2008 (% of total primary energy production),2009
Figure 6: China’s power grid structure, 2009
Figure 7: China’s independent power grid structure, 2009
Figure 8: China's cumulative installed wind power capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010
Figure 9: China's wind power net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Figure 10: China's wind energy resources (W/m2), 2008
Figure 11: China’s key offshore wind power construction sites, 2010
Figure 12: Global cumulative installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 13: Global new installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 14: China's key players and installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 15: China's wind power generation projections 2015–35 (bn kWh), 2010
Figure 16: China's cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010
Figure 17: Division of China’s solar resources, 2009
Figure 18: Global cumulative installed solar PV power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Figure 19: China's annual installed solar PV power capacity 2010–14 (MW), 2010
Figure 20: China's projected cumulative installed solar PV generation capacity 2010–2014 (MW),2010
Figure 21: China’s cumulative installed biomass capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009
Figure 22: China’s additional installed biomass generation capacity (%), 2009
Figure 23: China's biomass and waste electricity net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Figure 24: Biomass power generation plants in China, 2009
Figure 25: Potential available biomass resources in China 2030 (%), 2008
Figure 26: China's installed hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (GW), 2010
Figure 27: China's installed small hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009
Figure 28: China's hydropower net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Figure 29: Installed small hydropower generation capacity in China, 2010
Figure 30: China's hydropower generation projections 2015–2035 (bn kWh), 2010
Figure 31: China's total installed generation capacity 2007–35 (GW), 2010
Figure 32: China's total installed generation capacity 2035 (%), 2010
Figure 33: China's total population 2009–2050 (bn), 2009
Figure 34: Installed wind generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Figure 35: Installed solar generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Figure 36: Biomass installed power generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Figure 37: Installed hydropower generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010

TABLE OF TABLES

Table 1: World electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010
Table 2: China’s installed generation capacity 2005–09 (GW), 2010
Table 3: China's electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010
Table 4: China's primary energy trends, 2004–08 (10,000 tons of SCE), 2009
Table 5: China's primary energy production 2004–08 (% of total primary energy production), 2009
Table 6: China's renewable electricity net generation by source 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 7: China's renewable energy deployment targets, 2005–2020
Table 8: Cost of electricity generation by fuel type, 2008
Table 9: Highlights of provisional administrative measures on pricing and cost sharing for renewable energy power generation, January 2006
Table 10: Cumulative installed renewable energy capacity rankings, 2009
Table 11: China's cumulative installed wind power capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010
Table 12: China's wind power net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 13: Global cumulative installed wind power generation capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 14: Global new installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 15: China's key players and installed generation capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 16: China's wind power generation projections 2015–35 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 17: China's cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010
Table 18: Division of China’s solar resources, 2009
Table 19: Global cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2009 (MW), 2010
Table 20: China's annual installed solar photovoltaic (PV) generation capacity 2010–14 (MW),2010
Table 21: China's projected cumulative installed solar PV generation capacity 2010–14 (MW), 2010
Table 22: China’s cumulative installed biomass capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009
Table 23: China’s additional installed biomass generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009
Table 24: China's biomass and waste electricity net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 25: Top five countries biomass capacity rankings (2009), 2010
Table 26: Potential available biomass resources in China 2006– 2030 (100m tce), 2008
Table 27: China's installed hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (GW), 2010
Table 28: China's installed small hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009
Table 29: China's hydropower net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 30: Top five countries hydropower capacity rankings (2009), 2010
Table 31: Installed small hydropower generation capacity in China, 2010
Table 32: China's hydropower generation projections 2015–2035 (bn kWh), 2010
Table 33: China's total installed generation capacity 2007–35 (GW), 2010
Table 34: China's total population 2009–2050 ('000), 2009
Table 35: Installed wind generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Table 36: Installed solar generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Table 37: Installed biomass power generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
Table 38: Installed hydropower generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010
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