The Asia Pacific Gas Market Outlook: Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Date: February 22, 2010
Pages: 129
Price:
US$ 2,875.00
Publisher: Business Insights
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF), Hard Copy Mail Delivery, CD-ROM Mail Delivery
ID: AA063B69719EN
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The Asia Pacific Gas Market Outlook: Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure
China is one of the fastest growing economies in the Asia Pacific region. Alongside this economic growth, the demand for energy is increasing continuously. At present, China has natural gas reserves of 80tcf and the majority of its gas fields are located in the western and north-central parts of the country.

South Korea is the world’s largest liquiefied natural gas (LNG) buyer after Japan and largely relies on gas imports to meet its domestic demand. The country has relied on LNG imports for its natural gas supply since 1986, but started producing 0.54bcm of natural gas from its Donghae-1 field in 2004. Major LNG exporters to South Korea are Qatar, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman, Australia and Brunei and more recently Sakhalin. South Korea, in September 2008, signed a deal with Russian major gas supplier Gazprom to import 10bcm of natural gas annually starting from 2015. A natural gas pipeline via North Korea is proposed to import the gas, although the option of importing the gas as LNG is also possible if North Korea pulls out of the project. South Korea is also considering a major pipeline from the Kovytinkskye gas fields in Russia via China to supply 0.028 bcm of natural gas.

Key features of this report

  • Profiles of each country’s gas infrastructure including transit and distribution pipelines and their ownership, storage capacities and full colour maps of gas grids.
  • An understanding of Asia Pacific gas regulation, including local legislation, competitive conditions and market reforms.
  • Gas supply data in billion cubic metres as well as production, pipeline imports and exports by country and LNG imports.
  • Gas demand data by consumer type divided into residential, non-residential and power generation in billion cubic metres.


  • Key findings from this report

    1. China distributes natural gas through a 28,000km network of natural gas pipelines that carries 45bcm of natural gas per year. The West-East pipeline is China's largest pipeline. It stretches 3,900km and has a capacity of 12bcm per year. Meanwhile, the 775km Yacheng-Hong Kong pipeline, which serves Hong Kong, is the longest underground pipeline in Asia and the second largest in the world.

    2. At present, the Yacheng gas field in the South China Sea is the only source of gas supply to Hong Kong. The main limiting factor to the use of natural gas in Hong Kong’s energy mix is the unavailability of indigenous resources and the resultant need for significant investment in importation infrastructure.

    3. India's natural gas reserves are currently estimated at 822–907bcm, or about 0.5% of the world total of 181,518bcm.

    4. Japan is an important natural gas consumer, and the world’s largest importer of natural gas. With minimal reserves of just 21bcm, Japan’s indigenous production will remain limited. It imports LNG from Malaysia, Indonesia, Qatar and Australia.
    The Asia Pacific Gas Market Outlook

    CHAPTER 1 CHINA

    Market summary 12
    Supply and demand balance 14
    Supply overview 15
    Demand overview 16
    Regulatory structure 18
    Infrastructure 19
    Pipelines 19
    Storage 20
    LNG 21

    CHAPTER 2 HONG KONG

    Market summary 24
    Supply and demand balance 25
    Supply overview 25
    Demand overview 26
    Regulatory structure 27
    Infrastructure 28
    Pipelines 28
    LNG 29

    CHAPTER 3 INDIA

    Market summary 32
    Supply and demand balance 33
    Supply overview 34
    Demand overview 35
    Regulatory structure 38
    Infrastructure 39
    Pipelines 39
    LNG 40

    CHAPTER 4 JAPAN

    Market summary 42
    Supply and demand balance 43
    Supply overview 44
    Demand overview 46
    Regulatory structure 48
    Infrastructure 49
    Pipelines 49
    LNG 49

    CHAPTER 5 NEW SOUTH WALES

    Market summary 52
    Supply and demand balance 53
    Supply overview 53
    Demand overview 54
    Regulatory structure 55
    Wholesale market 56
    Infrastructure 56
    Pipelines 56

    CHAPTER 6 NEW ZEALAND

    Market summary 60
    Supply and demand balance 62
    Supply overview 62
    Demand overview 64
    Regulatory structure 66
    Wholesale Environment 68
    Infrastructure 68
    Pipelines 68
    Storage 69
    LNG 69

    CHAPTER 7 QUEENSLAND

    Market summary 72
    Supply and demand balance 73
    Supply overview 74
    Demand overview 75
    Regulatory structure 76
    Wholesale environment 77
    Infrastructure 77
    LNG 78

    CHAPTER 8 SINGAPORE

    Market summary 80
    Supply and demand balance 81
    Supply overview 81
    Demand overview 83
    Regulatory structure 83
    Infrastructure 85
    Pipelines 85
    LNG 86

    CHAPTER 9 SOUTH AUSTRALIA

    Market summary 88
    Supply and demand balance 89
    Supply overview 89
    Demand overview 90
    Regulatory structure 91
    Wholesale environment 92
    Infrastructure 92
    Pipelines 92
    Storage 93
    LNG 93

    CHAPTER 10 SOUTH KOREA

    Market summary 96
    Supply and demand balance 98
    Supply overview 99
    Demand overview 101
    Regulatory structure 103
    Infrastructure 104
    Storage 104
    LNG 104

    CHAPTER 11 TASMANIA

    Market summary 106
    Supply and demand balance 107
    Supply overview 107
    Demand overview 108
    Regulatory structure 110
    Wholesale Environment 111
    Infrastructure 111
    Pipelines 111

    CHAPTER 12 VICTORIA

    Market summary 114
    Supply and demand balance 115
    Supply overview 115
    Demand overview 116
    Regulatory structure 117
    Wholesale Environment 118
    Infrastructure 119
    Pipelines 119
    Storage 119
    LNG 119

    CHAPTER 13 WESTERN AUSTRALIA

    Market summary 122
    Supply and demand balance 123
    Supply overview 123
    Demand overview 124
    Regulatory structure 125
    Wholesale Environment 126
    Infrastructure 126
    Pipelines 126
    LNG 127
    Appendix 128
    Definitions 128

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1.1: China, gas production (bcm), 1990-2008e 15
    Figure 1.2: China, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 17
    Figure 1.3: China, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 18
    Figure 2.4: Hong Kong, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 27
    Figure 3.5: India, gas production (bcm), 1990-2008e 35
    Figure 3.6: India, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 37
    Figure 3.7: India, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 38
    Figure 4.8: Japan gas production (bcm), 1990-2008e 45
    Figure 4.9: Japan, import supply sources (%), 2008e 46
    Figure 4.10: Japan, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 47
    Figure 4.11: Japan, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 48
    Figure 5.12: Australia, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 54
    Figure 5.13: New South Wales, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 2006-2020 55
    Figure 6.14: New Zealand, gas production (bcm), 1990-2008e 63
    Figure 6.15: New Zealand, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 65
    Figure 6.16: New Zealand, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 66
    Figure 7.17: Australia, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 75
    Figure 7.18: Queensland, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 2006-2020 76
    Figure 8.19: Singapore, import supply sources (%), 2008e 82
    Figure 8.20: Singapore, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1992-2020 83
    Figure 9.21: Australia, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 90
    Figure 9.22: South Australia, gas historical and forecast demand (%), 2006-2020 91
    Figure 10.23: South Korea, gas production (bcm), 2005-2008e 100
    Figure 10.24: South Korea, gas import supply sources (%), 2008e 101
    Figure 10.25: South Korea, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 102
    Figure 10.26: South Korea, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 1990-2020 103
    Figure 11.27: Australia, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 109
    Figure 11.28: Tasmania, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 2006-2020 110
    Figure 12.29: Victoria, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 116
    Figure 12.30: Victoria, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 2006-2020 117
    Figure 13.31: Australia, gas sectoral demand (%), 2008e 124
    Figure 13.32: Western Australian, gas historical and forecast demand (bcm), 2006-2020 125

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1.1: China, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e* 14
    Table 2.2: Hong Kong, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 25
    Table 3.3: India, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 33
    Table 3.4: India, LNG terminals 40
    Table 4.5: Japan, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e* 43
    Table 5.6: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 53
    Table 6.7: New Zealand, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 62
    Table 7.8: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 73
    Table 8.9: Singapore, supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 81
    Table 9.10: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 89
    Table 10.11: South Korea, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 98
    Table 11.12: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 107
    Table 12.13: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 115
    Table 13.14: Australia, gas supply and demand balance (bcm), 2007-08e 123

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