The Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook: Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Date: March 22, 2010
Pages: 153
Price:
US$ 2,875.00
Publisher: Business Insights
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF), Hard Copy Mail Delivery, CD-ROM Mail Delivery
ID: A0FC35CB923EN
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The Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook: Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure
China is the world’s second largest consumer of energy, consuming more than 11% of the world’s total electricity consumption. It is second to only to the US in electricity consumption. China has in excess of 792,530 MW of installed electricity generating capacity with new capacity additions on an almost daily basis. Coal is the main source of fuel for electricity production in China, but recently, the demand for natural gas has also increased in the power sector, mainly because of environmental reasons. In the past few years, China’s production and consumption have increased rapidly.

India is presently the sixth largest electricity generating country in the world and accounts for about 4% of the world's total electricity generation. It is also currently ranked sixth in terms of annual electricity consumption, accounting for about 3.5% of the world's total annual electricity consumption.

Japan’s power industry is divided in to ten regions and each region is dominated by one privately owned, integrated power company, each of which acts as a regional monopoly in its own area. The largest of these is the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). These companies account for more than three quarters of Japan’s electricity capacity and also control the country’s regional transmission and distribution infrastructure. Other players in the electricity market are the Japan Atomic Power Company (JAPC), which operates three nuclear power plants, and the Electric Power Development Company (known as J-Power), which operates 16GW of hydroelectric and thermal power plants.

Key features of this report

  • Profiles of each country’s electricity infrastructure including electricity networks and their ownership, and generation capacities.
  • An understanding of Asia Pacific electricity regulation, including local legislation, competitive conditions and market reforms.
  • Electricity supply data in TeraWattHours as well as production, power imports and exports by country.
  • Gas demand data by consumer type divided into residential, non-residential and power generation in MegaWatts.


  • Key findings from this report

    1. In China's power market, 50% of generation comes from central government-owned power companies, which include five power generators and two nuclear power generators; 40% comes from local government-owned power companies; and private and foreign independent power producers hold only a 10% market share.

    2. Annual electricity generation and consumption in India have increased by about 64% over the past decade, and India's projected rate of increase for electricity consumption—estimated at as much as 8–10% annually through to 2020— is one of the highest in the world.

    3. Hong Kong's total installed electricity capacity is around 10,664MW. The country imports its fuels for power generation from China. Coal being the major fuel followed by natural gas.
    The Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

    CHAPTER 1 CHINA

    Market summary 12
    Supply and demand balance 13
    Supply overview 14
    Demand overview 16
    Regulatory structure 18
    Infrastructure 19
    Generation capacity 19
    Electricity networks 20

    CHAPTER 2 HONG KONG

    Market summary 24
    Supply and demand balance 25
    Supply overview 26
    Demand overview 28
    Regulatory structure 30
    Infrastructure 32
    Generation capacity 32
    Electricity networks 33

    CHAPTER 3 INDIA

    Market summary 36
    Supply and demand balance 37
    Supply overview 38
    Demand overview 40
    Regulatory structure 42
    Infrastructure 43
    Generation capacity 43
    Electricity networks 44

    CHAPTER 4 JAPAN

    Market summary 48
    Supply and demand balance 50
    Supply overview 51
    Demand overview 52
    Regulatory structure 54
    Mergers and Acquisitions 55
    Wholesale Environment 55
    Infrastructure 56
    Generation capacity 56
    Electricity networks 57

    CHAPTER 5 NEW SOUTH WALES

    Market summary 60
    Supply and demand balance 61
    Supply overview 62
    Demand overview 63
    Regulatory structure 65
    Infrastructure 66
    Generation capacity 66
    Electricity networks 67

    CHAPTER 6 NEW ZEALAND

    Market summary 70
    Supply and demand balance 72
    Supply overview 73
    Demand overview 75
    Regulatory structure 77
    Infrastructure 78
    Generation capacity 78
    Electricity networks 79

    CHAPTER 7 QUEENSLAND

    Market summary 82
    Supply and demand balance 84
    Supply overview 85
    Demand overview 86
    Regulatory structure 88
    Infrastructure 89
    Generation capacity 89
    Electricity networks 90

    CHAPTER 8 SINGAPORE

    Market summary 92
    Supply and demand balance 93
    Supply overview 94
    Demand overview 95
    Regulatory structure 97
    Infrastructure 99
    Electricity networks 100

    CHAPTER 9 SOUTH AUSTRALIA

    Market summary 102
    Supply and demand balance 103
    Supply overview 104
    Demand overview 105
    Regulatory structure 107
    Infrastructure 108
    Generation capacity 108
    Electricity Networks 109

    CHAPTER 10 SOUTH KOREA

    Market summary 112
    Supply and demand balance 113
    Supply overview 114
    Demand overview 116
    Regulatory structure 118
    Wholesale Environment 119
    Infrastructure 119
    Generation capacity 119
    Electricity networks 120

    CHAPTER 11 TASMANIA

    Market summary 124
    Supply and demand balance 125
    Supply overview 126
    Demand overview 127
    Regulatory structure 129
    Infrastructure 130
    Generation capacity 130
    Electricity Networks 131

    CHAPTER 12 VICTORIA

    Market summary 134
    Supply and demand balance 136
    Supply overview 137
    Demand overview 138
    Regulatory structure 139
    Infrastructure 140
    Generation capacity 140
    Electricity networks 140

    CHAPTER 13 WESTERN AUSTRALIA

    Market summary 144
    Supply and demand balance 145
    Supply overview 146
    Demand overview 147
    Regulatory structure 149
    Infrastructure 150
    Generation capacity 150
    Electricity Networks 151
    Appendix 152
    Definitions 152

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1.1: China, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 15
    Figure 1.2: China, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 16
    Figure 1.3: China, power sectional consumption (%), 2008 17
    Figure 1.4: China, power historic and forecast consumption (TWh), 1990-2020 18
    Figure 1.5: China, power production capacity (MW), 2008e 20
    Figure 2.6: Hong Kong, power production by fuel input (%), 2008e 27
    Figure 2.7: Hong Kong, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 28
    Figure 2.8: Hong Kong, power sectional consumption (%), 2008e 29
    Figure 2.9: Hong Kong, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 30
    Figure 2.10: Hong Kong, power production capacity (MW), 2008e 33
    Figure 3.11: India, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 39
    Figure 3.12: India, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 40
    Figure 3.13: India, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 41
    Figure 3.14: India, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 42
    Figure 3.15: India, power production capacity (MW), 2008e 44
    Figure 4.16: Japan, power production by fuel input (%), 2008e 51
    Figure 4.17: Japan, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 52
    Figure 4.18: Japan, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 53
    Figure 4.19: Japan, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 54
    Figure 4.20: Japan, power production capacity (MW), 2008e 57
    Figure 5.21: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 63
    Figure 5.22: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008 64
    Figure 5.23: Australia, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 65
    Figure 6.24: New Zealand, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 74
    Figure 6.25: New Zealand, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 75
    Figure 6.26: New Zealand, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008 76
    Figure 6.27: New Zealand, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 77
    Figure 7.28: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008e 86
    Figure 7.29: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 87
    Figure 7.30: Queensland, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 88
    Figure 8.31: Singapore, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 95
    Figure 8.32: Singapore, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008 96
    Figure 8.33: Singapore, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 97
    Figure 8.34: Singapore, power production capacity (%), 2008 100
    Figure 9.35: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 105
    Figure 9.36: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008 106
    Figure 9.37: South Australia, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 107
    Figure 10.38: South Korea, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 115
    Figure 10.39: South Korea, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e 116
    Figure 10.40: South Korea, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 117
    Figure 10.41: South Korea, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020 118
    Figure 10.42: South Korea, power production capacity (MW), 2008e 120
    Figure 11.43: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 127
    Figure 11.44: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 128
    Figure 11.45: Tasmania, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 129
    Figure 12.46: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 137
    Figure 12.47: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 138
    Figure 12.48: Victoria, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 139
    Figure 13.49: Australia, power production by fuel input (%), 2008 147
    Figure 13.50: Australia, power sectoral consumption (%), 2008e 148
    Figure 13.51: Western Australia, power consumption historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-2020 149

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1.1: China, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 13
    Table 2.2: Hong Kong, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 25
    Table 3.3: India, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 37
    Table 4.4: Japan, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 50
    Table 5.5: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 61
    Table 6.6: New Zealand, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 72
    Table 7.7: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 84
    Table 8.8: Singapore, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 93
    Table 9.9: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e 103
    Table 10.10: South Korea, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 113
    Table 11.11: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 125
    Table 12.12: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 136
    Table 13.13: Australia, power supply and demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008 145

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