Analyzing Geothermal Power in Costa Rica

Date: June 1, 2012
Pages: 180
Price:
US$ 400.00
Publisher: Aruvian's R'search
Report type: Strategic Report
Delivery: E-mail Delivery (PDF), Hard Copy Mail Delivery, CD-ROM Mail Delivery
ID: A47F2814A4FEN
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Analyzing Geothermal Power in Costa Rica
Geothermal energy is one of the biggest resources utilized in Costa Rica for its power generation. Costa Rica is a country rich with renewable energy. In fact, it gets about 99% of all its electrical energy from clean sources and it’s aiming to be the first country to become carbon neutral. Although geothermal resources make up for only a small percentage of total electricity production in the country, it is of strategic economic importance because of the country’s strong dependence on imported oil for its thermal power plants.

Due to the presence of such important geothermal resources, it is possible to operate fossil fired plants as reserve units. The total potential of geothermal power in Costa Rica is estimated to be as high as 900 MW. A large number of prospective geothermal fields are located in national parks in the north of the country. Although a law to allow the operation of geothermal installation in national parks is already established, it has not shown any successful results till date.

Geothermal power uses underground steam from volcanic regions. The energy is harnessed by extracting the heat from within the earth’s crust, in the form of a fluid that is used to move the turbines. Two holes are drilled in each case: one is used to draw hot water, and the flow of water is then cooled and re-injected into the other. In Costa Rica’s case, high temperature wells (150 to 400 degrees Celsius) are used, but there are also medium and low temperature wells. One of the goals of the ICE is to increase the percentage of geothermal energy that is channeled to the country’s power grid.

Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad is the biggest player in the industry.

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in Costa Rica in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in Costa Rica.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in Costa Rica.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in Costa Rica and in North & South America. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in North & South America is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in Costa Rica, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in Costa Rica, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch’s report Analyzing Geothermal Power in Costa Rica is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.
A. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

B. INTRODUCTION TO GEOTHERMAL POWER

B.1 The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
B.2 Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
B.3 Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
B.4 Energy from the Earth’s Core - Geothermal Systems
B.5 Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
B.6 Grading Geothermal Resources
B.7 Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
B.8 Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
B.9 Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
B.10 Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
  B.10.1 Binary Cycle Plant Technology
  B.10.2 Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
B.11 Emerging Technologies
  B.11.1 Enhanced Geothermal System
  B.11.2 Mixed Working Fluid Technology
B.12 Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL POWER INDUSTRY

C.1 Introduction
C.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
C.3 Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. GEOTHERMAL POWER INDUSTRY IN NORTH & SOUTH AMERICA

D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in North & South America
D.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in North & South America
D.4 Regional Segmentation of the Industry
D.5 Major Industry Deals

E. GEOTHERMAL POWER INDUSTRY IN COSTA RICA

E.1 Industry Overview
E.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Costa Rica
E.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Costa Rica
E.4 Industry Segmentation
E.5 Industry Regulations
E.6 Major Industry Projects

F. MAJOR INDUSTRY PLAYERS

F.1 Calpine Corporation
  F.1.1 Corporate Profile
  F.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.1.3 Industry Presence
  F.1.4 SWOT Analysis
F.2 Comision Federal de Electricidad
  F.2.1 Corporate Profile
  F.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.2.3 Industry Presence
  F.2.4 SWOT Analysis
F.3 Ormat Technologies, Inc.
  F.3.1 Corporate Profile
  F.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.3.3 Industry Presence
  F.3.4 SWOT Analysis
F.4 Fuji Electric Co Ltd
  F.4.1 Corporate Profile
  F.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.4.3 Industry Presence
  F.4.4 SWOT Analysis
F.5 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  F.5.1 Corporate Profile
  F.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.5.3 Industry Presence
  F.5.4 SWOT Analysis
F.6 Toshiba Corporation
  F.6.1 Corporate Profile
  F.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.6.3 Industry Presence
  F.6.4 SWOT Analysis
F.7 Nevada Geothermal Power Inc
  F.7.1 Corporate Profile
  F.7.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.7.3 SWOT Analysis
F.8 Western Geopower Corporation
  F.8.1 Corporate Profile
  F.8.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.8.3 SWOT Analysis
F.9 U.S. Geothermal Inc.
  F.9.1 Corporate Profile
  F.9.2 Business Segment Analysis
  F.9.3 SWOT Analysis

G. APPENDIX

G.1 Global Geothermal Associations
G.2 Figures & Tables

H. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

I. GLOSSARY OF TERMS

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, & Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust & the Uppermost Mantle
Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, & Geothermal Fields
Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
Figure 14: Ring of Fire
Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in North & South America (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in North & South America (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in North & South America by Country (%), 2011
Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in North & South America
Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Figure 23: Geothermal Deals by Region in Recent Times
Figure 24: Geothermal Fields in Costa Rica
Figure 25: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Costa Rica (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 26: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Costa Rica (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 27: Renewable Power Generation in Costa Rica by Technologies (%), 2011
Figure 28: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
Figure 29: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
Figure 30: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 31: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 32: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
Figure 33: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
Figure 34: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
Figure 35: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
Figure 36: Binary Cycle Plant
Figure 37: Dry Steam Plant
Figure 38: Flashed Steam Plant
Figure 39: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in North & South America (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in North & South America (MW), 2002-2022
Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in North & South America by Country (%), 2011
Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in North & South America
Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Table 10: Geothermal Deals by Region in Recent Times
Table 11: Major Geothermal Deals in North America in Recent Times
Table 12: Major Geothermal Deals in South America in Recent Times
Table 13: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Costa Rica (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 14: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Costa Rica (MW), 2002-2022
Table 15: Renewable Power Generation in Costa Rica by Technologies (%), 2011
Table 16: Geothermal Projects in Costa Rica
Table 17: Upcoming/Under Development Geothermal Projects in Costa Rica
Table 18: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
Table 19: Energy & Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
Table 20: Energy & Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables

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